Public private mix ppm for tb control in global fund grants scope and significance
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Public-Private Mix (PPM) for TB Control in Global Fund grants Scope and significance. SS Lal *, Mukund Uplekar # , Itamar Katz*, Knut Lonnroth # , Ryuichi Komatsu*, Monica Yesudian # , Mohammed A Aziz*, Rifat Atun* * The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Geneva

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Public private mix ppm for tb control in global fund grants scope and significance

Public-Private Mix (PPM) for TB Control in Global Fund grantsScope and significance

SS Lal *, Mukund Uplekar#, Itamar Katz*, Knut Lonnroth#, Ryuichi Komatsu*, Monica Yesudian#, Mohammed A Aziz*, Rifat Atun*

* The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Geneva

# World health organization, Geneva


Background
Background

  • TB case detection stagnating a little over 60%

  • Efforts to strengthen TB control mainly in public sector

  • Providers outside NTPs:

    • yet to be fully involved

    • TB management practices questionable/cases not notified

  • ‘Engaging all care providers’ through PPM approaches : essential component of Stop TB Strategy

  • Stop TB Partnership's PPM sub-group set up specifically to address this issue


The global fund and ppm
The Global Fund and PPM

  • Global Fund (GF) is a major funding source for NTPs

  • Global Fund in itself a public-private partnership

  • Country coordination mechanism (CCM) - national level partnerships of stakeholders

  • Global Fund financing enables to set up/scale up PPM


Methodology
Methodology

  • Extent and scope of PPM interventions in approved Global Fund grant proposals

    • Evolution of Global Fund support to PPM, as reflected in its official documents/processes

    • Distribution, trends and characteristics of PPM initiatives within the Global Fund-supported programs

  • PPM programmes in selected country settings

    • Six country case studies: Bangladesh, China, India, Kenya, Pakistan, and the Philippines


Ppm in global fund documents and processes

Proposal guidelines

Assessment of proposals by Technical Review Panel

PPM indicators within the Monitoring and Evaluation Toolkit

Private and Public health providers collaborating with NTP

Proportion of NSP cases referred by health care provider

NSP cases managed/supervised by health care provider

NSP cases successfully treated by a health care provider

PPM in Global Fund documents and processes


Number and percentage countries with gf funding for ppm
Number and percentage countries with GF funding for PPM

Trend of the proportion and number of countries which received Global Fund

support for PPM activities N=Number of countries with active TB grants


Percentage of countries with gf funding for ppm across regions
Percentage of countries with GF funding for PPM across regions

Trend of the proportion of countries with Global Fund support for PPM activities, by region

N=Number of countries with active TB grants per region


Number and proportion of countries with gf funding for ppm that involve different health providers
Number and proportion of countries with GF funding for PPM that involve different health providers

Trend of the number of countries with Global Fund support for PPM activities

(proportion of countries with GF funding for PPM), by implementer



Budgets and expenditures

4.4% of TB funding of Global Fund allocated to PPM through funding for PPM across regions 2008

Median spending of Global Fund grants with PPM component on PPM was 5% of total TB expenditure

Top 2 regions with highest share of budget allocated to PPM:

East Asia and the Pacific: 10.4%

West & Central Africa: 6.9%

Largest PPM investments were in

China: US$ 18.8 million

Indonesia: US$ 6.1 million

Ghana: US$ 3.5 million

Budgets and expenditures


Country studies ppm performance in selected countries
Country studies: funding for PPM across regionsPPM performance in selected countries


Limitations
Limitations funding for PPM across regions

  • Underestimation of the PPM within TB grants supported by the Global Fund:

    • Limited data on sub-recipients of Global Fund grants including activities implemented by NGOs and the private sector

    • Categorization of PPM types: No mechanism to identify public health facilities that are not part of NTP

  • The Global Fund is not the only financier and there is a lack of sufficient information to estimate the contribution from other funding agencies.

    All these limitations require further in-depth case studies.


Summary
Summary funding for PPM across regions

  • Importance and scope of PPM not reflected at desired level in TB proposals and budgets

  • Over a third of countries with active Global Fund TB grants do not have PPM as a component

  • The current median budget allocation for PPM activities of 5% is probably not sufficient for large-scale PPM initiatives

  • Extent and type of PPM with Global Fund financing varies by region

  • PPM contributed 15-20% to the referral and/or treatment of detected cases

  • Improvement in treatment success at private sector providers

  • Untapped potential exists in scaling up PPM across countries


Thanks
THANKS funding for PPM across regions

AcknowledgmentsDaniel Low BeerDonna leeAboua Ange-Joel DjomanCountry programs, Global FundNational TB Control Programs