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Workshop on cultural Heritage and Economic and Social Development Organized by Europaid Co-operation Office European Commission. Porto Novo 7-10 February 2011. presented by Medhanie T. Mariam Director of Urban Planning Division at Department of Infrastructure

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Workshop on cultural Heritage and

Economic and Social Development

Organized by

Europaid Co-operation Office

European Commission

Porto Novo 7-10 February 2011

presented by

Medhanie T. Mariam

Director of Urban Planning Division at

Department of Infrastructure

of theCentral Region (Zoba Maakel)

Government of the State of Eritrea (GSE)

slide2

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

ASMARA

Eritrea is a place with a very long history and is home to different

socio-cultural groups and different religions, Coptic, Islamic, Catholic.

Its history was influenced by various populations, civilisations,

migrations, historical events, which have all left a significant legacy.

slide3

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Asmara possesses an internationally distinguished urban ensemble which stands among the highest concentrations of Modernist architecture anywhere in the world.

The urban setting of this heritage is also the result of a rational urban

planning which produced a most pleasant and remarkable urban place.

slide4

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

This built heritage constitutes a fundamental pillar of the

Eritrean Cultural Identity and a rich resource for its urban public domain.

Unique case perhaps in the world, the built heritage of Asmara and the form itself of the city did not suffer from the rush of estate development and transformation of the building stock which usually goes with economic growth.

slide5

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

ASMARA THEATRE

Original Name: Teatro Asmara

Architect Odoardo Cavagnari; Aldo Vitaliti and Pietro del Fabro

Date 1919-1920; renovated 1937

slide6

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

CINEMA IMPERO

Original Name: Cinema Impero

Architect Mario Messina

Date 1937

slide7

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

CINEMA ROMA

Original Name: Cinema Dux

Architect Roberto Cappellano (1937); Bruno Sclafani (1944)

Date original proposal 1937; second proposal 1944

slide8

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

CINEMA CAPITOL

Original Name: Cinema Augustus

Architect Daniele Ruggero

Date 1938; destroyed by fire 1941; repaired 1944

slide9

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

CATHEDRAL

ANDCOMPOUND OF THE CATHOLIC MISSION

Original Name: Cattedrale e Missione Cattolica

Architect Oreste Scavanini

Date original 1895; reconstructed 1923

slide10

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

CATHEDRAL

BELL

Original Name: Cattedrale e Missione Cattolica

Architect Oreste Scavanini

Date original 1895; reconstructed 1923

slide11

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

ENDA MARIAM CATHEDRAL

Biet Christian

Original Name: Biet Christian

Architect Enda Mariam; E. Gallo (1920); unknow (1938-1939); Deggi Selam; Odoardo Cavagnari.

Date Enda Mariam: 1920, 1938-39; Deggi Selam1917

slide12

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

GRAND MOSQUE

Original Name: Kufala Al Rashidin Mosque

Architect Giuseppe Arata

Date 1906; redeveloped 1937-39, 1943

slide13

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

MEIDA ERITREA MARKET

Original Name: Piazza Italia

Architect Guido Ferrazza, Giuseppe Arata (1942), Ferruccio Mazzanti (1941)

Date 1938-59

slide14

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

MEIDA ERITREA MARKET

slide15

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

MEIDA ERITREA MARKET

slide16

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

WORKSHOP

AND SERVICE STATION

Original function: Fiat Tagliero service station

Architect Giuseppe Pettazzi

Date 1938

slide17

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

WORKSHOP

AND SERVICE STATION

Original function: Fiat Tagliero service station

Architect Giuseppe Pettazzi

Date 1938

slide18

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Original function: Fiat Tagliero service station

Architect Giuseppe Pettazzi

Date 1938

WORKSHOP

AND SERVICE STATION

slide19

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

The place is similar to what was half a century ago. This is the “positive” consequence of “negative” historical occurrences, i.e. the poor development Eritrea experienced during last decades, for the 20 years liberation war and then for the war with Ethiopia.

However some neglect and lack of resources affected the conservation of this built heritage, now in need of investments.

If well maintained this heritage will offer further potential for social and economic development, urban management, cultural activities, and would contribute to tourism development.

slide20

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The Government of Eritrea embarked since independence in conservation of its heritage.

In 1999 it established the Cultural Assets Rehabilitation Project (CARP), financed by the World Bank, which amongst others achievements,

established a heritage perimeter in Asmara.

The CARP project was stopped in 2007 and most important implementation of works remained pending.

slide21

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Asmara heritage perimeter

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

In 2005 Asmara was inscribed in the Tentative List of the UNESCO WHC.

slide22

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Maida Eritrea Market

Cinema Capitol

  • The project, financed by the EC, take over some of the aims of the previous project while adding other dimensions:
  • provision of appropriate technical assistance and grants for works and supplies;
  • rehabilitation of some heritage buildings and public spaces;
  • building of capacity and improvement of conservation and management practices at the level of Department of Infrastructure and at municipal level.
  • The project will thus contribute to preserve and promote the unique architectural heritage of Asmara.
slide23

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Induced additional benefits

Employment:

promoting employment of skilled and unskilled labour in the conservation sector.

Education:

linking cultural heritage with education.

Tourism:

improved conservation of built heritage will help developing cultural tourism preserving the cultural identity of Asmara.

slide24

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

The implementation actors

The beneficiary of the programme is the

Department of Infrastructure (DOI)

of the Central Region (Zoba Maakel).

TheDOI has, amongst others, direct responsibility for Asmara urban planning, issuing building licences and management and conservation of the historic building stock.

slide25

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

The implementation actors

The firm which, after an international tender, was awarded the contract for the 4 years technical assistance is ARS Progetti S.P.A.,

an international consulting firm with headquarters in Italy, specialising in cultural heritage.

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

slide26

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

summary

Overall Objective

To support the ongoing efforts of the GSE in protecting Eritrea's rich cultural and architectural heritage in order to sustain long-term socio-economicobjectives.

slide27

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

summary

A multi purpose project

Purpose 1

To promote and safeguarding the architectural heritage of Asmara in order to enhance their economic and social potential for the enactment of cultural, artistic or economic activities;

Purpose 2

To facilitate the advancement of the managerial and administrative practices and capacities of local staff pertaining urban rehabilitation and cultural heritage protection in view of qualification of Asmara for UNESCO World Heritage listing;

Purpose 3

To improve the DOI archives management in terms of safe preservation of plans and documents, level of access to users and its overall management including new tools as a mechanism to facilitate future work on urban heritage and rehabilitation;

Purpose 4

To contribute, throughout the programme, towards technology transfer and building capacity of skilled and unskilled labour, contractors and professionals of the built environment.

slide28

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

summary

Expected results

Result 1

Rehabilitation of culturally and socio-economically important publicity-owned

buildings and urban spaces in Asmara, having enhanced their heritage and functional

values. i.e.: restoration of Cinema Capitol (Project 1) and rehabilitation of Mieda

Eritrea Market Square (Project 2).

Result 2

An 'Advanced Training Programme' organised and documented for future dissemination relevant to Asmara's modernist built heritage and potential urban planning developments, to qualify for UNESCO World Heritage listing as well as for enhancing practices relating to cultural heritage protection and management.

This training must improve local capacity for:

conceiving rehabilitation projects, legislative frameworks, regulations and bylaws.

Result 3

Improvedarchiving conditions: preservation of and access to Asmara's architectural heritage plans, drawings and documentation, facilitating their use for heritage-

related purposes, needs assessment as well as for general sound urban management.

Result 4

Enhanced capacities of local contractors and professionals to assess, design, undertake, quote and manage significant buildings' restoration projects.

slide29

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

Components

Component A -Therestoration of Cinema Capitol

It is the largest structure of this type in Asmara, as it can accommodate 1800 persons. It will be rehabilitated to its use as Cinema and theatre.

slide30

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

Components

Component A -Therestoration of Cinema Capitol

  • Objectives/criteria implemented in the design revision for the Cinema Capitol:
  • Efficient and safe reinstatement of the original function of the building;
  • Respect of integrity and authenticity of the original building;
  • Minimal intervention and reversibility of measures, whenever possible;
  • Traditional materials and techniques to be used unless they are not effective to the specific situation and safety of the structure.
slide31

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

Components

Component A -The restoration of Cinema Capitol

  • The methodology includes the following steps:
  • Historical researches and and technological quality assessment;
  • Integration of the existing survey and assessment of decay and structural damages;
  • Identification of alternatives of intervention;
  • Preliminary and detailed design based on selected alternative;
  • Execution drawings and preparation of the Tender dossier;
  • Assistance during tendering procedures;
  • Works supervision.
slide32

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

Components

Component A -The rehabilitation of Meida Eritrea Market square

This is a square about 700 mt long, located in the city center.

It is a most significant place for the town identity as it existed as a market place even before the foundation of Asmara.

It is a vibrant area accommodating different functions, commercial, food processing, religious, transport terminal etc.

slide33

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

Components

Component A -The rehabilitation of Meida Eritrea Market square

  • The square will be studied within the frame of its historic, physical, functional and socio-economic context.
  • Goals which will guide the study and the design:
  • build a safe and healthy environment for the workers of the area;
  • preserve the urban identity, its legacy and the historic industrial buildings;
  • improve the organization of the market activities;
  • improve the physical and functional relationship with the city center.
  • A participatory planning will involve communities’ representatives, traders, transport companies, religious authorities.
slide34

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

Components

Component B -The advanced training and WHC

  • The Advanced training for DOI staff must be very practical and focused to the specific needs of management and conservation of historic areas and buildings in Asmara.
  • The full and pro-active participation of DOI staff are an essential requisite to achieve, through the advanced training, concrete outputs useful for the preparation of the “Nomination File” to the WHC List.
  • Theoretical, methodological and technical issues may be included in the syllabus:
  • history and theory of restoration,
  • documentation,
  • topographic and metric surveys;
  • architectural and structural assessment;
  • socio-economic surveys;
  • assessment of priorities within budget constraints,
  • final choices, execution design, BOQ and Technical Specifications.
slide35

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

Components

Component C - Archiving

The archiving system of DOI must be improved and an updated database must be designed and implemented.

The new archiving database should be able to: preserve, organise and make available data and information on historic buildings. 400 hundred historical buildings are identified and listed within the Historic Perimeter.

The archiving system will bea Management-Information tool, to assist the DOI in the planning and management of conservation and maintenance works in the Historic Perimeter, in the preparation of the application of Asmara Historic Perimeter to the UNESCO WHC List.

slide36

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Recommendations derived from this experience

Project

Components

Component D - Training of skilled manpower

  • The Capacity Building component includes training based on a learning-by-doing approach for contractors managerial staff, for foremen and for labourers.
  • The restoration projects of the Cinema Capitol and of Mieda Eritrea will be practical working sessions under the assistance of highly qualified international experts.
  • The know-how transfer will include assessment and restoration of concrete structures:
  • diagnostic of decay of concrete structures, with in situ and laboratory tests;
  • restoration materials and techniques for damaged concrete structures;
  • Joints sessions with the Advanced Training Programme for DOI staff.
slide37

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Lessons learnt and

recommendations

  • Develop a linkage between urban heritage and urban quality;
  • Developalinkage between heritage, the living culture and daily activities of the community;
  • Conceive multi-facet and multi-purpose projects as they can trigger various development processes and can capitalize on various kinds of experiences;
  • Articulate the present significance of heritage, i.e. the significance for the present population, rather than focusing on the significance it had in the past.

Recommendations derived from this experience

slide38

Urban and

architectural

heritage of Asmara

The conservation

effort of the

Government

of Eritrea

The EDF financed “National Heritage

Programme”

Project summary

Project

Components

Lessons learnt and

recommendations

Thank you for your attention!