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Types of World Systems. Canadian & World Politics www.CraigMarlatt.com/school. Types of World Systems. Non-Governmental Organizations International Alliances United Nations Decision Making in Different Sectors. Non-Governmental Organizations. What is the role of NGOs?

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types of world systems

Types of World Systems

Canadian & World Politics

www.CraigMarlatt.com/school

types of world systems1
Types of World Systems
  • Non-Governmental Organizations
  • International Alliances
  • United Nations
  • Decision Making in Different Sectors
non governmental organizations
Non-Governmental Organizations
  • What is the role of NGOs?
  • Suggested Strategies:
    • Provide a coordinated, situation-specific, rapid response.
    • Build technical and operational capacity for the long-term.
    • Ensure educational services to all.
international alliances
International Alliances
  • Key Alliances
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - nato.int
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) - aseansec.org
    • African Union (AU) - africa-union.org
    • Organization of American States (OAS) - oas.org
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) - apecsec.org.sg
united nations structure
United Nations Structure
  • Six main “organs” of the UN
    • General Assembly
    • Security Council
    • Secretariat
    • International Court of Justice
    • Economic & Social Council
    • Trusteeship Council
  • Many other agencies & organizations within the UN system
secretariat secretary general
Secretariat (& Secretary-General)
  • Secretariat is the “business”
  • Secretary-General acts as a diplomat, advocate, civil servant, and CEO
  • Spokesman for the interests of the world’s peoples, in particular the poor and vulnerable
  • H.E. Ban Ki-moon of Korea (2007-)
un european hq geneva
UN European HQ – Geneva
  • Former HQ of the League of Nations
un office at vienna
UN Office at Vienna
  • UNHCR, Space, Drugs
un office at nairobi
UN Office at Nairobi
  • UNEP, UNHABITAT
purpose of the un
Purpose of the UN
  • Maintain international peace & security
  • Achieve international cooperation in solving economic, social, cultural, & humanitarian problems
  • Promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms
  • Be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining common goals
un priorities conflict resolution
UN Priorities:Conflict Resolution
  • Peaceful Settlement of Differences
  • International Court of Justice
  • Economic Sanctions
  • Peacekeeping Force
  • Regular Military Force
    • Must be made available by all member states on an individual basis
un priorities human rights
UN Priorities:Human Rights
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • High Commission for Human Rights
    • Will be replaced by the Human Rights Council on June 16th, 2006
  • Refugees
  • High Commission for Refugees
un priorities sustainable development
UN Priorities:Sustainable Development
  • “Programs that improve people’s quality of life without impairing future generations’ ability to improve their quality of life”
  • UN Conference on Human Environment
  • The Earth Summit
  • United Nations Environment Program
un priorities the middle east
UN Priorities:The Middle East
  • Whereas many other conflicts were resolved in a relatively short time….
  • Palestine & Israel Conflict dominated the Security Council agenda for decades
  • Palestine to Israel; Palestine & Israel?!
  • Wars: 1948, 1956, 1967, and 1973
  • Problems still exist today
un priorities other major issues
UN Priorities:Other Major Issues
  • Women
  • Child Labour
  • Colonies (success!)
  • Apartheid (success!)
  • Population
  • Development (including the HDI)
  • Health
un millennium development goals
UN Millennium Development Goals
  • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • Achieve universal primary education
  • Promote gender equality and empower women
  • Reduce child mortality
  • Improve maternal health
  • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
  • Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Develop a global partnership for development
h e guillermo rishchynski
H.E. Guillermo Rishchynski
  • Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Canada to the United Nations
  • Veteran Trade Commissioner, Ambassador, and executive for the Canadian International Development Agency
the rt hon lester b pearson
The Rt. Hon. Lester B. Pearson
  • Invented the concept of peacekeeping
  • President of the General Assembly 1952-1953
  • Won the Nobel Peace Prize for efforts to resolve the Suez Crisis of 1956
  • Canadian Prime Minister 1963-1968
ms louise frechette
Ms. Louise Frechette
  • Appointed first ever UN Deputy Secretary-General 1998 - 2007
  • Helped manage Secretariat operations
  • Canadian UN Ambassador 1992-1995
mrs louise arbour
Mrs. Louise Arbour
  • Was the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • Former Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
  • Former Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda
h e stephen lewis
H.E. Stephen Lewis
  • Was the UN Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa
  • Former Deputy Director of UNICEF
  • Former Canadian UN Ambassador
  • Former MPP and Leader of the Ontario NDP
general maurice baril
General Maurice Baril
  • Was a United Nations Headquarters Military Advisor - Senior military advisor to the Secretary-General
  • Former Canadian Chief of Defence Staff (Canada’s top soldier)
lgen the hon rom o dallaire
LGen The Hon. Roméo Dallaire
  • Was a Commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda
  • Author of Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda
  • Canadian Senator
mgen lewis mackenzie
MGen Lewis Mackenzie
  • Was a Commander of the United Nations Protection Force in Yugoslavia
  • Author of Peacekeeper, Road to Sarajevo
canada s financial contributions to the un
Canada’s Financial Contributions to the UN
  • 7th leading contributor to the UN – 2.5% of the UN’s budget (US $34.5 million)… more than China or Russia!
  • Canada has a perfect payment record – always in full, on time, and without conditions
  • In addition, Canada contributes $77 million annually for UN peacekeeping
canada and international development
Canada andInternational Development
  • Canada spent US $4.73 billion in 2008 on Official Development Assistance (ODA) – 9th largest in the world
    • 0.32% of our Gross National Income (GNI) or approximately $100 from every Canadian
    • UN “target” is 0.7% GNI (originally set by Pearson in 1969, but repeatedly affirmed as an appropriate goal)
    • 5 countries are there already; others have made firm commitments to get there before 2017
canada and children
Canada and Children
  • Canada played a key role in creating the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of a Child
  • Canada Co-Chaired the 1990 World Summit for Children
  • Canada hosted the 2000 International Conference on War Affected Children
canada and development in africa
Canada and Development in Africa
  • Canada dropped its tariffs and quotas on nearly all imports from least-developed countries in 2003
  • Canada led the G8 Africa Action Plan that helped African nations launch the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)
  • Canada added another $500 million in aid through the Canada Fund for Africa
canadian missions to the un
Canadian Missions to the UN
  • Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations in New York (UNHQ)
  • Geneva Mission, Vienna Mission
  • Delegation to UNESCO in Paris
  • Mission UN HABITAT in Nairobi
  • Mission to UNEP in Nairobi
  • Mission to FAO in Rome
  • Mission to ICAO in Montreal
questions about the un
Questions About the UN?
  • www.un.org
  • www.un.int/canada
  • www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/canada_un
  • www.unac.org
  • www.unicef.ca
  • www.canimun.org
decision making in different sectors
Decision Making in Different Sectors
  • Corporations, Humanitarian Organizations, International Organizations
    • Whose interests are at heart when decisions are being made?
    • Who makes decisions in each organization or corporation?
    • What are the primary concerns or objectives of the organization or corporation?
    • Where does the organization or corporation get its funding from?
    • What does the organization or corporation do with its money?
decision making in different sectors1
Decision Making in Different Sectors
  • Nike
  • Shell
  • Doctors without Borders
  • Canadian Red Cross
  • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • World Bank
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