THE StudY OF ESCHATOLOGY Dr . Ronald C. Hill, Sr. May 30, 2012 @ 7:30pm June 2, 2012 @ 9:00am. What is Eschatology? . 1. It is the study of end-time events. It concerns the ultimate or last things such as death and life after death.
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1. It is the study of end-time events. It concerns the ultimate or last things such as death and life after death.
2. Eschatology can be divided into two broad areas: Personal and General Eschatology
a) General eschatology covers the sweep of future events, from the return of Jesus Christ on through to the creation of the new heaven and new earth.
b) Personal eschatology relates to the individual, from the time of physical death until he receives his resurrection-body
1. Personal eschatology can be considered under two headings: Physical death and the Intermediate state.
Physical death is not to be confused with spiritual or eternal death. Spiritual death is that spiritual state in which one finds oneself before they receive Salvation.
And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins
Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved)
B.A person is considered spiritually dead before he comes alive in Christ at the point of Salvation.
On the other hand, eternal death is that eternal judgment which comes at death upon those who have never been made spiritually alive through making Jesus Lord of their lives.
It is the eternal judgment of God, which comes upon those who have never in their lifetime passed out of death into life.
JOHN 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
REVELATIONS 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
D. Spiritual death and eternal death relate to the soul; physical death has to do with the body. Physical death is the separation of the soul from the body; it is the termination of physical life.
Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.
For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.
E. Death should not, however, be thought of as annihilation, cessation of being, or nonexistence. Rather, it is a change of relationships.
There is a severance of the natural relationship between soul and body. The body decays in the grave and returns to dust, and the soul continues on.
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
F. Physical death bears a relationship to sin because Adam was not subject to physical death until after the fall into sin. Physical death then is the result of man’s spiritual death.
Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace,
which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift:
for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one;
much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.
14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same;
that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
I. Though death is a common enemy, through Christ the believer needs no longer to fear it. Death for the believer is entrance into the presence of Christ.
We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better
55 O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?
56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.
57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
1. Verse fifty-five may well be a "taunt song" that believers sing as they rise to meet the Lord in the air. It is as if they mock death because for them it has lost the battle to keep them as its own.
Death holds no terror for them because they know their sins have been forgiven and they stand before God in all the acceptability of His beloved Son.
13 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.
L. Through faith in Him, we have victory over death and the grave. Death is robbed of its sting. It is a known fact that when certain insects sting a person, they leave their stinger imbedded in the person’s flesh.
Being thus robbed of their “sting”, they die. In a very real sense, death stung itself to death at eh cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, and now the King of Terrors is robbed of his terror as far as the believer is concerned.
M. In stark contrast to the believer, the unbeliever has no such comforting hope. He faces condemnation and eternal judgment away from the presence of the Lord.
8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power
And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
N. We will now consider the Intermediate state. This state is between death and the resurrection.
Physical death relates to the physical body; the soul is immortal and as such, does not die. While the scripture declares that God alone has immortality, man is immortal in the sense that his soul never dies.
16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.
O. The story of Lazarus and the rich man also indicates the immortality of the soul
19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:
21 And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores.
22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;
23 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.
25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.
26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence.
29 Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.
But what happens to the soul after death, but before the resurrection? In the first place the believer is with Christ. Paul said that he would “prefer rather to be absent from the body and to be home with the Lord.”
This was the encouragement which Jesus gave to the penitent man on the cross next to Him.
And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise.
That “paradise” was heaven is made clear from 2 Corinthians 12:3
And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth)
P. Not only is the believer with the Lord and in heaven, but he is in fellowship with other believers.
To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect
Q. Believers are alive, conscious and happy. This state between death and the resurrection is a condition to be preferred above the present state of life.
1 For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
2 For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven:
3 If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked.
4 For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.
5 Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
6 Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord:
7 (For we walk by faith, not by sight:)
8 We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
9 Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent, we may be accepted of him.
2 Corinthians 5:1-9 suggests that the believers prefer to be raptured and transplanted rather than to die and enter into the intermediate state.
He would rather be clothed with the resurrection body than to be unclothed. The unclothed state is to be preferred over the present physical state, for even if unclothed the believer is present with the Lord.
S. In the story of Lazarus and the rich man, Lazarus was in Abraham’s bosom, comforted. The rich man was in agony.
From this we gather that the unsaved individual is also in a temporary state undergoing conscious torment, while awaiting the great white throne judgment.
11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.
12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life:
and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.
13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.
14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
T. The Rapture of the Church and the second coming of Jesus are two different events
1. First of all, the word “rapture” is not found in the Bible. The term is derived from the verb used in the Latin Bible, meaning caught-up.
A “rapture” is a snatching away or a catching-up. It is used of Philip in Acts 8:39, and of Paul in 2 Corinthians 12:2
And when they were come up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip, that the eunuch saw him no more: and he went on his way rejoicing.
I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven.
Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.
16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.
And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints
U. Christ’s coming for His Saints is never said to be preceded by celestial portents
29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven,
and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven:
and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
Wherefore comfort one another with these words.
8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:
9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,
10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
X. In light of the fact that there is life after death, we should not only be concerned about our never-dying soul, we should also be concerned for the souls of others…
Especially the souls of our family. I pray this teaching will cause all of us to be reminded once again that we have been given a ministry.
17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
18 And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation;
19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.
20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.