Islamic Empires Ottoman Empire. Influence on Religion Followed Islamic law Allowed freedom of worship Christians and Jews allowed to practice their religion. Influence on Law “The Lawgiver” Created law code for civil and criminal law. Ottoman Empire Suleyman the Magnificent.
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Influence on Religion Followed Islamic law Allowed freedom of worship Christians and Jews allowed to practice their religion Influence on Law “The Lawgiver” Created law code for civil and criminal law Ottoman EmpireSuleyman the Magnificent
Influence on the Arts • Art and literature flourish • Studied poetry and architecture • Sinan designed the Mosque of Suleyman • Largest in Ottoman Empire
Influence on Religion Tolerant Brought in Christians from other areas Influence on Law Punished corruption Safavid EmpireShah Abbas
Influence on the Arts • Capital of Esfahan [Isfahan] • Brought in Chinese potters—tile work • Carpets—become most sought after in West
Trade needs cities to flourish; cities need trade to flourish---Braudel
Babur the Conqueror1483-1530 • Gunpowder Empire • Rajputs=confederation of states • Capitals--Delhi and Agra
Influence on Religion Did not emphasize his religion but rather his Persian heritage Stable empire allowed many to convert to Islam Influence on Law Centralized his power
Influence on the Arts • Remembered for his memoirs • Wrote poetry • Love of gardens
Akbar Golden Age
Influence on Religion Tolerant Married Hindus, Christians, and Muslims Abolished tax on Hindus and non-Muslims Preserved Hindu temples Influence on Law Had final say in all disputes Non-Muslims not forced to obey Islamic law Mughals had no formal written law Subjects could directly petition Akbar Ruler’s duty was to ensure justice for all 1579—Infallibility Decree
Influence on the Arts • Academy of Local Painters • Cultural blend of the arts • Miniatures • Built Fatehpur Sikri