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A Brave New World. English Colonization in North America. Focus Question:. Is the United States the land of opportunity?. Entering the Game Late. By the time England was ready: Spain had claimed much of South and Central America

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a brave new world

A Brave New World

English Colonization in North America

focus question
Focus Question:
  • Is the United States the land of opportunity?
entering the game late
Entering the Game Late
  • By the time England was ready:
    • Spain had claimed much of South and Central America
    • France claimed the rich fur lands of Canada and the Mississippi Valley
    • English stuck with

the Atlantic seaboard

english advantages
English Advantages
  • Excess Population
    • Enclosure Movement
    • Religious Dissent
  • Geopolitics
  • Growth of Joint-Stock Companies
failed early attempts
Failed Early Attempts
  • Trial and Error Method
  • Patterns established
      • Settlement
      • Breakdown of order

and purpose

      • Disease and hunger
      • Trouble with Native Americans
  • Lacked Successful Model
the chesapeake
The Chesapeake
  • Settled along the James River
    • Defensive Posture
  • Planned by Virginia

Company of London

    • Required a commodity
  • Very nearly failed
achieves success
Achieves Success
  • Developed New Model for Colonization
    • Send large numbers of family groups
    • Encourage small, privately owned farms
    • Maintain military discipline
    • Locate goods suitable for trade
pilgrims progress
Pilgrims Progress

The Settlement of New England

role of the protestant reformation
Role of the Protestant Reformation
  • Different groups protested different teachings and practices
    • Lutherans
    • Calvinists
    • Anglicans
  • Development of Puritans in England
    • Wished to “purify” Catholic elements from the Anglican Church
    • Adopted many Calvinist ideas, especially predestination
pilgrims
Pilgrims
  • Separatists
    • “Church of England too corrupt for salvation”
    • Set sail for Virginia
  • Mayflower Compact
    • Self-Government with Town Meeting
    • Only Church members voted
  • Absorbed by Massachusetts Bay
rise of the puritans
Rise of the Puritans
  • Centered in East Anglia
  • Great Migration to the Americans 1629-1640
    • Some 80,000 Puritans fled England for the colonies
    • 20,000 settled in New England
  • Puritans desired to set up a “Bible Commonwealth”
    • “A City Upon a Hill”
    • Massachusetts as the model for the world
puritans in new england
Puritans in New England
  • Mixed Church and State
    • Only Puritan men could vote
    • All citizens supported the Church
    • State had jurisdiction over ministry
  • Established the “Protestant Work Ethic”
    • Serious commitment to work
    • Enjoyed simple, human pleasures
  • Promoted Education
    • “Old Deluder Satan” law
challenges
Challenges
  • Religious Dissent
    • Anne Hutchinson and Antinominism
      • The saved did not need to obey the laws of God or man
      • Banished and died in an Indian attack in New York
    • Roger Williams
      • Pushed for a clean break with the Church of England
      • Challenged the ties between church and state in the colony
      • Exiled and fled to Rhode Island
    • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
      • Puritans spread into the Connecticut Valley in 1636.
      • Governed under the Fundamental Orders
      • A democratic system with rule by the wealthy
challenges ii
Challenges (II)
  • “Great Migration” fell off in the 1640s
    • English Civil War brought Puritan leadership
  • Rigid beliefs led to questions
    • Less people sought conversion
    • Half-Way Covenant