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European Battles. Battle of Britain Battle of El Alamein Battle of Stalingrad D-Day Battle of the Bulge V-E Day. Battle of Britain Summer of 1940. Complete Air war-August 1940 - May 1941. Radar was key to British success.
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European Battles • Battle of Britain • Battle of El Alamein • Battle of Stalingrad • D-Day • Battle of the Bulge • V-E Day
Battle of BritainSummer of 1940 • Complete Air war-August 1940 - May 1941. • Radar was key to British success. • Great Britain became staging ground for allied invasion of Nazi occupied Europe.
Battle of El-Alamein (August 1942-April 1943) • US president Roosevelt invaded Morocco & Algeria for the experience and to aid Britain. • US forces did not fare well against German ; 7,000 casualties • Luckily Both American and British Forces forced Germany to surrender in North Africa for the first time.
Battle of Stalingrad(June, 22 1941) • Hitler now turned his troops toward the East and attacked USSR. • Cold Winter, would not retreat costly for Germany. • Stalingrad (August 1942) --> Germany had taken over city with house to house battles. • Russian counter-attack became the turning point in war, with Soviets taking back Stalingrad.
Battle of the Bulge (Fall 1944-Dec 1944) • Beginning of the end for Hitler and Germany. • Hitler’s last major offensive • General Patton’s Army pushed back Germany in the dead of winter of 1944.
D-Day (Invasion of Normandy France) June 6th 1944 • President Roosevelt and Churchill planned the invasion of France which was lead by General Eisenhower • The US forces were going to surprise Germany using rubber tanks, and dummy landing craft. This completely fooled Germany while they attacked through Normandy • 100,000 soldiers by boat • 23,000 paratroopers
General Eisenhower Supreme Commander of Allied Forces. He planned and executed D-day assault.
Allies take Berlin: VEDay (May 8th 1945) • Soviet and U.S. surround Germany. • Question was which country would take Berlin. Soviets took Berlin in April 1945. • April 30th 1945 Hitler commits suicide • May 7th 1945 Germany surrendered. • May 8th VE day.
European Theater Aftermath/ Yalta Conferences --> Cold War • FDR, Churchill, & Stalin meet to decide which countries would be communist and which would be free. • Cold War arguably started the last 6 months maybe even earlier during WW II. • Un Created, • Germany divided • Extend Soviet territory, • Germany gives equipment and resources to Soviets.; nuclear power