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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature LALI 441 TEFL. The practice of English Language Teaching Chapter 11 Studying language. What is Language Study?

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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature

LALI 441 TEFL

The practice of English Language Teaching

Chapter 11

Studying language

What is Language Study?

Any stage in a lesson where students and teachers focus in on (on the construction of) a specific feature of the language in order to understand it better.

What is the goal of Language Study?

To increase knowledge of the language system so that the longer-term aim of improving productive and receptive skills can be achieved.

Dr. Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous

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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature

LALI 441 TEFL

The practice of English Language Teaching

Chapter 11

Studying language

  • Ways through which students can learn a Language
  • In the classroom under the direction of a teacher
  • Research language on their own - Autonomous learning
  • Language Study focusing on structure and use of language forms:
  • Morphology of forms (is, am, be)
  • Syntax of phrases, clauses & sentences
  • Vocabulary
  • Meaning and function
  • Pronunciation
  • Spelling
  • Genre analysis
  • Study of written and spoken text construction

Dr. Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous

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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature

LALI 441 TEFL

The practice of English Language Teaching

Chapter 11

Studying language

  • Language Study Techniques?
  • Demonstration situation which shows the language in action; modelling; pictures and realia
  • Explanation diagrams; grammatical explanations
  • Discovery work out a grammar rule
  • Accurate reproduction repeat new words, phrases, or sentences in a controlled way, correcting them
  • Immediate creativity create their own words
  • Check questions

Dr. Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous

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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature

LALI 441 TEFL

The practice of English Language Teaching

Chapter 11

Studying language

When do we focus on any necessary language forms? Before, during or after the performance of a communicative task or a receptive skills activity?

Approach 1: study language in a variety of ways, then explore a topic, and then use what students have learnt to perform a task.

Approach 2: during a task-based sequence (focus on 1 or 2 past tense forms in the middle of an extended narrative-writing task – describe weather in the middle of a holiday planning

Approach 3: After the students have performed the task

Even when not planned, opportunities arise (a student wants to know)

Dr. Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous

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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature

LALI 441 TEFL

The practice of English Language Teaching

Chapter 11

Studying language

  • Teach Known or unknown language?
  • Types of students:
  • Real beginners
  • Students with some degree of linguistic knowledge and ability in English
  • MOREOVER
  • Students learn at different speeds and in different ways.
  • Result:
  • ‘mixed ability’ classes Problem

Dr. Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous

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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature

LALI 441 TEFL

The practice of English Language Teaching

Chapter 11

Studying language

  • So, what do we teach? What do we do?
  • First, find out what our students know
  • Ways of avoiding teaching already Known language
  • Have students perform tasks and see how well they use the language forms in question before deciding to teach them as if they were new.
  • Elicit the new language forms you wish them to study.
  • If successful, no demonstration, no explanation;
  • if unsuccessful, teach the new language forms.

Dr. Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous

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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature

LALI 441 TEFL

The practice of English Language Teaching

Chapter 11

Studying language

  • Choosing Study Activities
  • Offer a varied diet of exercises
  • i.all students have different learning styles
  • ii. Sustain student motivation
  • (b) Assess a language study activity for use in class
  • i.How effective will it be? When take it in class
  • ii. Justify the time spent on it before and during the lesson
  • iii. Activity should demonstrate meaning
  • iv. Will it work with this group?
  • (c) Evaluate a study activity after use in class
  • i. formally
  • ii. informally
  • Keep a record of your classes
  • Conduct your own action research

Dr. Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous

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University of Nicosia BA in English Language and Literature

LALI 441 TEFL

The practice of English Language Teaching

Chapter 11

Studying language

Examples of language study activities

Introducing new language

Example 1: Light in space, pages 159-160

Discovery activities

Example 2: Discovery activities, pages 161-162

Example 3: Rules and freedom, pages 162-164

Remembering

Example 4: Perfect one-liners, page 164-166

Example 5: In the queue, pages 166-167

Dr. Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous