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Genealogy of Consulting Firms. Phil Osborn, Principle IT Management Consultants w/editorial assistance from BCIS 4690 Class; Summer, 2008. 50 Bonus Pts. Due: 7/8/2010: May be sent by Email to me. Requirements: 1. Update the Consulting History through July 2010.

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genealogy of consulting firms

Genealogy of Consulting Firms

Phil Osborn, Principle

IT Management Consultants

w/editorial assistance from

BCIS 4690 Class; Summer, 2008

BCIS 4690

50 bonus pts
50 Bonus Pts
  • Due: 7/8/2010: May be sent by Email to me.
  • Requirements:
  • 1. Update the Consulting History through July 2010.
  • A. Update These Slides; Add as many new slides as needed to complete this presentation.
  • B. Include a 1000 word narrative summarizing the significant changes
  • C. Include an annotated Bibliography to substantiate the events noted.

BCIS 4690

preview
Preview
  • Timeline
  • Major Players in Accounting Industry
    • Beginning of Consulting
    • Big 8 Formed Companies
    • Main Movements
    • Intermediate Mergers
    • Big 4 Players
      • Ernst and Young
      • Deloitte Touche Tohmastsu
      • KPMG
      • Price Waterhouse Coopers
    • IT Consulting Players
      • IBM (Price Waterhouse Coopers)
      • Cap Gemini (Ernst & Young)
      • Accenture (Arthur Anderson)
      • Bearing Point (KPMG)

BCIS 4690

timeline

Left out the sale/exit of Big 8

consulting businesses

Timeline

BCIS 4690

the birth of management consulting
“The Birth of Management Consulting”
  • A.T. Kearney
    • Orginially Kearney & MicKinsey in 1922
    • A. Thomas Kearney kept the name after McKinsey left to be CEO of Marshall Fields
    • McKinsey starts with there beginning after A.T. Kearney, makes it appear as if they were first.

BCIS 4690

the big 8 circa 1970
The Big 8 [circa 1970]
  • Arthur Anderson
    • 1913- Founded as by as Andersen, DeLany & Co
    • 1918- Name changed to Arthur Andersen & Co
    • 2001- Andersen consulting forced to change name to Accenture
    • 2002-Convicted for shredding documents related to its audit of Enron.
    • 2005- Conviction overturned by Supreme Court due to flaws in the jury instructions
  • Coopers & Lybrand
    • 1957 merger of Cooper Brothers & Co; Lybrand, Ross Bros & Montgomery and a Canadian firm McDonald, Currie and Co
    • 1998 merged in with Price Waterhouse to form PricewaterhouseCoopers.

BCIS 4690

the big 8
The Big 8
  • Deloitte Haskins & Sells (Haskins & Sells)
    • 1845- Deloitte founded by William Deloitte
    • 1952-Agreement reached to merge the businesses of Deloitte, Plender, Griffiths & Company and Haskins & Sells in the U.S., under the name Deloitte Haskins & Sells.
    • 1992- Coopers & Lybrand Deloitte became Coopers & Lybrand
    • Deloitte Haskins & Sells was a predecessor firm of Coopers and Lybrand UK and Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu
  • Ernst & Whinney (Ernst & Ernst)
    • 1903- A.C. Ernst in 1903, joined with his brother, Theodore, to start Ernst & Ernst. Accounting firm
    • Whinney, Smith & Whinney had been closely allied with Ernst & Ernst since the 1940s, and in 1979 Whinney Murray, Ernst & Ernst, and Turquands Barton Mayhew joined together as Ernst & Whinney, creating the fourth largest accountancy firm in the world.

BCIS 4690

the big 81
The Big 8
  • Peat, Marwick, Mitchell
    • 1867- Robert Fletcher establishes accountancy firm which later becomes Peat Marwick Mitchell
    • 1925-  Peat and Marwick Mitchell & Co join to create a transatlantic firm
  • Touche Ross
    • 1960-Touche, Niven, Bailey & Smart merges with George Touche & Co. (Britain) and Ross, Touche & Co. (Canada) to form Touche, Ross, Bailey & Smart
    • 1969- Adoption of the name Touche Ross & Co., mergers completed with more than 50 other firms in the U.S. and formal associations created with national firms in 55 countries.
    • 1975- Agreement reached with Tohmatsu Awoki & Co into Touche Ross

BCIS 4690

the big 82
The Big 8
  • Price Waterhouse
    • 1849 - Samuel Lowe Price creates firm in U.K.
    • 1865 - Samuel Price partners with William Holyland and Edwin Waterhouse.
    • 1997 - Price Waterhouse and Coopers & Lybrand announce plans for a global merger and integration.
    • 1998 - Price Waterhouse and Coopers & Lybrand complete a global merger and the name of the new firm is PricewaterhouseCoopers
  • Arthur Young
    • 1906 Arthur Young & Company was set up in Chicago
    • 1989 Ernst & Whinney the fourth largest accountancy firm in the world merged with the then number five, Arthur Young, to create Ernst & Young

BCIS 4690

primary movements
Primary Movements
  • Equity Funding Scandal (1973) precipitated computer audit practices
  • Saving and Loan Crisis (Started in 1980 fell 1988)
  • Y2K January 1, 2000
  • The Enron Scandal of 2002 brought to light problems in accounting auditing and was the precursor of the fall of Arthur Anderson the companies primary auditing firm (Filed Bankruptcy in November 2002)
  • Sarbanes Oxley Effective July 30, 2002

BCIS 4690

the 3 intermediate mergers
The 3 Intermediate Mergers

Three Mergers

  • KPMG Peat Marwick
  • Ernst & Young
  • Deloitte & Touche

The three holdouts (only room for two)

  • Anderson Worldwide
  • Coopers & Lybrand
  • Price Waterhouse

BCIS 4690

big 4
Big 4
  • Ernst and Young
  • Deloitte Touche Tohmastsu
  • KPMG
  • Price Waterhouse Coopers

BCIS 4690

ernst young
Ernst & Young

Note: Slogan from E&W

  • 1989- Two biggest accounting firms merge
    • Arthur & Young & Co and Ernst & Whinney
  • 1996- Consulting sector splits from management Service Activities
  • 2001- Major take over of tax consultants
  • 2003- Audit firm “Swaelen & Co” joins Ernst & Young

BCIS 4690

deloitte touche tohmastsu
Deloitte Touche Tohmastsu
  • 1952-Agreement reached to merge the businesses of Deloitte, Plender, Griffiths & Company and Haskins & Sells in the U.S., under the name Deloitte Haskins & Sells.
  • 1952- Nobuzo Tohmatsu qualifies as a certified public accountant in Japan and becomes a partner in a foreignaffiliated accounting firm.
  • 1972- Touche Ross Chairman Robert Trueblood chairs a committee that leads to the establishment of the Financial Accounting Standards Board — the FASB.
  • 1990- Merger that creates Deloitte & Touche.
  • 1993- International firm is named Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu.

BCIS 4690

slide15
KPMG
  • 1876- Robert and Sydney Stpkes establish Stokes Firm
  • 1987- Firm becomes part of firm accountancy mega-merger
  • 2000- Consulting wing becomes an independent firm
  • 2002- Merger lead to enlargement of firm

BCIS 4690

pricewaterhousecoopers
PriceWaterhouseCoopers
  • 1849- Founded in London
  • 1890- New York office opened
  • 1998- Formed from merger between Price Waterhouse and Coopers & Lybrand
  • 1990- coopers & Lybrand merged with Deloitte Haskins & Sells in the United Kingdom

BCIS 4690

it consulting players
IT Consulting Players
  • IBM (Price Waterhouse Coopers)
    • No merger between Arthur Anderson and Price Waterhouse due to cultural differences
  • Cap Gemini (Ernst & Young)
    • Grew out of services offering
  • Accenture (Arthur Anderson)
    • Faced legal challenges after Enron
  • Bearing Point (KPMG)
    • No deal when it tried to joint venture with CISCO

BCIS 4690

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Consulting opened new industry
  • Industry movements lead to mergers
  • IT needs own consulting area
    • Driven by regulatory acts
    • Big IT Consulting is captive to IT product vendors and outsourcers, no longer independent

BCIS 4690