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Measuring Quality of life in Rural Europe. A Review of Conceptual Foundations. write by Peter Kaufamann , Sigrid Stangl , Katarzyna Zawalińska , Jerzy Michalek. Presented by Mariana Gálová. BASIC TERMS. Measuring quality of life is an important element by development of regions

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Measuring Quality of life in Rural Europe


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measuring quality of life in rural europe

MeasuringQualityoflife in RuralEurope

A ReviewofConceptualFoundations

write by Peter Kaufamann, SigridStangl, KatarzynaZawalińska, JerzyMichalek

Presented by Mariana Gálová

basic terms
BASIC TERMS
  • Measuringqualityoflifeisanimportant element by developmentofregions
  • Ithelps to raiselivingstandartofinhabitant and showssomedeficieceswhichshoudbeimprove
  • there are someproblemsexistwithmeasuringofquality
  • The base problemisuseanapproach, whichisthe most suitable
  • highlightingadvantages and disadvantagesofindividualapproaches in theEuropeanUnion
short description of methodology
SHORT DESCRIPTION OF METHODOLOGY
  • Qualityoflife– important element in thedevelopmentofregions, and manypoliciesaim to improvethequalityoflifeoftheinhabitants.
  • Ruralindicators – are used by measuringofqualityoflife in ruralregions, oftenlinkedwiththesocial, economic and enviroment
  • Policy monitoring – qualityofliferespond to policygoal in ruralregion, directlyinfluecedevelopmentofspecificarea
welfare approach
WELFARE APPROACH
  • Based on thenotionof utility
  • Focusrationalindividuals on maximisetheir utility throughanoptimalcombinationofgoodsboughtfromtheirincome
  • Problems by tryingappliedthistheoryfromindividual to thesocietallevel ( aggregationmustbetakenasone person)
  • Asanindicatorisused Index ofeconomicwell-being (similar to GDP)
  • IEWB differentiatebetweenwelfareforcurrent and futuregeneration
slide5

IEWB has fourbasicdomains, whichcreateit:

- effective per capitaconsumptionflows ( marketedservices and goodslike GDP butaddalsoexternalities)

_ netsocietalaccumulationofstockofproductiveresources - sustainabilitydomain ( tangible, humancapital, investment )

- incomedistribution ( intensityofpowerty and inequalityofincome)

- economicofsecurity ( financialsupportforillness, unemployment, family break- up...)

  • maylead to misleadingconclusion, ´causeofdataavailability
capital approach
CAPITAL APPROACH
  • Usesnetnationalproduction (NNP)
  • Countwithmanufactured (building, machinery) , human (skills, health) and naturalcapital (minerals, water)
  • Problems - by accountingprices over timethey are nottenable and alsoinstitutions are notincluded
  • Countwithcurrentsituation and according to thismakespredictionforfuture (negativeinvestment in Afrika 2004)
direct measurement of well being
DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF WELL BEING
  • Determinantsoflifesatisfaction :

-personalityfactors ( optimism, self-esteem)

-socio-demographicfactors (status,gender)

-micro and macroeconomicfactors (employment, livingconditions....)

  • In generallsatisfactionofpeopleincreasewiththegrowthofincomes ( in thewayofrepresentant )
  • Most important are personalityfactors, whichpredeterminedabilityof person to achievetarget and face up to inequality (feeling)
opposites to quality of life enhancement
OPPOSITES TO QUALITY OF LIFE ENHANCEMENT
  • Ill-being
  • Base on factthatpotentiallosesinfluencepeople more thanpotencialgains
  • Most commonfamilysolveproblemsasdeprivation, disadvantage, inequalincome, powerty....
  • It´s a concepthow to „notbeingunhappy“
  • Peopleinfluencethe most: income and financial,employment, educational, health and housingdisadvantage
migration
MIGRATION
  • MeasuringabsoluteQoL in regions
  • Thedecisionofhouseholds to migrateisinfluenced by livingstandart
  • Base on probabilitybetterlife in otherplace, aftertakinintoaccountallopportunitycostsassociatedwiththemove
  • Migration rate in specificregioniscompar to migration rate in whole country
  • Percetageisindicatorofqualityoflife in area
capability approach
CAPABILITY APPROACH
  • Respectnotonlyeconomy, butalsosocial, political and culturaldimension
  • How to integratenon-marketgoodsbetweenindividuals
  • Distinguishesbetweenfunctionings (achievements) and capabilities (opportunity to choose)
  • Capabilities are more relevant, ´causethere are anotherfactorslikepolicysystem, low..
  • Missingmeasureofinequality,social and enviromentalarea
approaches originating from the sustainable development discussion
ApproachesOriginatingfromtheSustainableDevelopmentDiscussion
  • Focus on thenatur ( base forsocial and economicbeing)
  • MILLENIUM ECOSYSTEM ASSESMENT- measurementisproblematic, relationshipbetweenecosystem and humanwell-beingisn´tlinear

Differentiatebetweendirect(factories) and indirect(globalisation) influence

Comprehensivemeasureofecosystembetweencountries (qualityofwater, air, land, atmosphere)

scorecard approach by the uk department for enviroment forestry and rural affairs
Scorecardapproach by the UK Department forEnviroment, Forestry and RuralAffairs
  • Involvingmanyindicatorsondifferentscales
  • 68 indicators set by UK government
  • Directlinkbetweennationalpolicy and localneeds
  • 44 indicators are calculatedfromlocalarea and involvednatureresorces
  • 20 indicatorsgiveanoverwiewofdevelopmentspecific country
  • 4 indicators are individual
conclusion
Conclusion
  • ConceptualbasicforQoLmeasurementwasimproved in recentyears, butisstillexperimental
  • Measuringrequire a hybrid approach
  • Outcomemeasures are mostlysuperior to theinputmeasures
  • Onlywithinvolvingnaturalresourceswe are able to get optimalmeasurementoflong-termsocialwelfare
  • Weshouduseinformationsfromeveryarea and make a balancedresult