AMANDLA EduFootball SaVI Colloquium | Cape Town | 01st November 2013
YOUTH GANG VIOLENCE – BACKGROUND CONTENTS • Introduction to AMANDLA • Gang violence video clip • Youth gang violence • Theory of change • Approach • Key success factors
BACKGROUND BACKGROUND MISSION Creating safe spaces that bring together the power of football and learning to empower youth and change lives. STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE By the end of 2022, AMANDLA will have provided 20,000 vulnerable children and youth in South Africa’s 10 largest and most violent township areas with access to 10 SAFE-HUBS of holistic learning and development through a four programme system focusing on health, violence prevention, education, and employability.
YOUTH GANG VIOLENCE – BACKGROUND KHAYELITSHA YOUTH GANG VIOLENCE • Background • Gang structure • Modus operandi • Scale of the problem • General response
STRATEGIC APPROACH Gang Member Engagement Partnerships (Police, Neighbourhood Watch) Intervention at Peak Crime Hours ICRC Research & Local Forums The Safe-Hub Campaign Community & Youth Participation Shared Expertise Innovative Thinking On-Going Reflection Replication
? THEORY OF CHANGE: INPUTS / DESTRUCTIVE FACTORS INTER-GENERATIONAL CYCLE OF POVERTY & INEQUALITY Poverty & Inequality Dysfunctional Families & Communities • Lack of a sense of belonging • Boredom • Influenced by deviant peers • Negative attitude towards school • Positive attitude towards violence
THEORY OF CHANGE: PROTECTIVE FACTORS > OUTPUTS • Factors for Programme Design • engaged youth… • viable &attractive alternative… • safe space… • regular & structured activities… • personal development… • safety net… INTER-GENERATIONAL CYCLE OF POVERTY & INEQUALITY • access to opportunities.
THEORY OF CHANGE: PROTECTIVE ENVIRONMENT • Engaged youth… • Productive, monitored time • viable &attractive alternative… • Sense of belonging & acceptance • safe space… • Sense of safety • regular & structured activities… • Value placed on achievement & reassurance • personal development… Positive attitude towards future • safety net… • Models for pro social behaviour INTER-GENERATIONAL CYCLE OF POVERTY & INEQUALITY • access to opportunities. • In education, training or employment
THEORY OF CHANGE: ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES PROXIMAL DISTAL Positive/active member of society Functioning, healthy communities Functioning family Healthy, non-violent relations Stable employment/income PROTECTIVE ENVIRONMENT at DOSAGE Enhanced job prospects In training, further education Focused ambition CHANGE More resilient Positive peer role model Better understanding of others Improved Confidence Improved physical health Reduction of risk taking • Primary & high school attachment TIME
THEORY OF CHANGE: IMPACTS POSITIVE CITIZENSHIP PROXIMAL DISTAL Positive/active member of society Functioning, healthy communities Functioning family IMPROVED STANDARD OF LIVING Healthy, non-violent relations Stable employment/income Enhanced job prospects REDUCED ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR Training, further education IMPACTS Focused ambition CHANGE REDUCED GANG MEMBERSHIP / VIOLENCE More resilient Positive peer role model Better understanding of others REDUCED SUBSTANCE ABUSE Confidence Improved physical health IMPROVED EDUCATION ACHIEVEMENT Reduction of risk taking • Primary & high school attachment TIME
THEORY OF CHANGE: FRAMEWORK • Inputs / • Destructive Factors • Outputs / • Protective Factors • Anticipated Outcomes • Anticipated Impacts • TRUE ?
After-School Programmes: every week from Monday to Friday for girls and boys (8-19 Years) between 15h00 to 20h00. THE INAUGURAL SAFE-HUB IN KHAYELITSHA Night Programmes: To respond to high levels of crime a night league is implemented for young men (16-35 years) Friday and Saturday night from 20h00 to 00h00. Foundation of the AMANDLA Safe-Hub Model
AMANDLA’S APPROACH: WHAT & HOW? COMMUNITY CENTRE SAFETY Workshops, Offices, Bathroom Measures for physical & emotional safety COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT Community participation ensuring support of project and safe access to field THE FIELD HOLISTIC PROGRAMMES Top class artificial turf field Education & personal Development
AMANDLA’S APPROACH: PROGRAMMES HOLISTIC & SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM HOLISTIC PROGRAMMES Education & personal Development
YOUTH GANG VIOLENCE – BACKGROUND KEY SUCCESS FACTORS • Create a ‘cool’ environment • Offer a quality programme • Work with gang/youth leaders • Understand ‘customers’ needs • Work with role models with contextual credibility • Build strong relationships with parents and teachers • Facilitate partnerships
REALISING POTENTIAL. CHANGING LIVES. IMPRESSIONS: NIGHT LEAGUE www.edufootball.org KHAYELITSHA, CAPE TOWN