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COMMUNITY –LED ACTION FOR WATER SAFTY & ENVIRONMENT SANITATION (CLAWSES)

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Strengthening PRIs through Water Quality and Sanitary Surveillance A Case Study of Nanital District, Uttarakhand. Dr. ANIL KUMAR MISHRA Consultant Key Resource Center, WATSAN National Institute of Administrative Research ,LBSNAA ,Mussoorie ,India [email protected]

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Strengthening PRIs through Water Quality and Sanitary Surveillance A Case Study of Nanital District, Uttarakhand

Dr. ANIL KUMAR MISHRA ConsultantKey Resource Center, WATSANNational Institute of Administrative Research ,LBSNAA ,Mussoorie ,[email protected]

community led action for water safty environment sanitation clawses
COMMUNITY –LED ACTION FOR WATER SAFTY & ENVIRONMENT SANITATION (CLAWSES)

A water quality programe with community post-achievement reward scheme, piloted in DHARI Block of Nainital District, Uttarakhand province of India.

community led action for water safty environment sanitation clawses1
COMMUNITY –LED ACTION FOR WATER SAFTY & ENVIRONMENT SANITATION (CLAWSES)

CLAWSES is an Inter Personal Communication based innovative approach to promote community involvement in National Rural Drinking Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Program

objectives
OBJECTIVES
  • To develop participatory community water quality monitoring
  • To facilitate community analysis of all drinking water sources
  • To trigger collective realization of water source risks
  • To bring awareness of water treatment, handling, usage and management practices
clawses methodology
CLAWSES: Methodology
  • Introduction & rapport building
  • Mapping (“3 D”) Drinking water sources, Defecation practices and Calculation of shit and expenses on diseases (medical expenses on water borne)
  • Demonstrations (Sanitary Survey, H2S vials and FTK)
  • Sanitary survey and Bacteriological testing of all drinking water sources
  • Sharing of results and development of remedial action plan
  • Facilitators follow up visit
  • Follow up visit include facilitating collection of O & M funds for Water Quality Monitoring System
linkages
COMMUNITY

HEALTH

CLAWSES

VWSC

School Teacher/

Govt. official/

Elected Local Leader

LINKAGES
outcomes of clawses
OUTCOMES OF CLAWSES
  • Communities in 32 of 35 GPs assessed the risks with a sanitary survey and tested all 341 water sources for water quality
  • 14 of 32 GPs repeated H2S tests during monsoon
  • 7 GPs undertook water testing a third time
  • 10 GPs self-declared open defecation free status
  • In communities facing water scarcity, children began bringing water to use in school toilet
outcomes of clawses conti
OUTCOMES OF CLAWSES Conti…
  • Communities survey and bacteriological test all water sources
  • Reward creates competition among communities
  • CLAWSES empowers communities to tackle poor water quality and open defecation
  • Awareness increases on water borne diseases and source protection.
  • Health and dignity become primary
  • Financial issues become secondary
  • Natural leaders emerge during the
  • CLAWSES process to lead change
outcomes of clawses conti1
OUTCOMES OF CLAWSES Conti…
  • After CLAWSES, village solidarity increases
  • Follow-up with natural leaders is critical
  • Self-motivated villagers can facilitate CLAWSES
  • 32 of 35 GPs have formed committees
  • Every family in 32 of 35 GPs is contributing Rs 5 per month for O&M.
  • Communities are ensuring sustainability without external support
  • Results of CLAWSES are encouraging and could be replicated
evaluation criteria
Evaluation Criteria
  • GPs are invited to apply for a performance – based reward. Qualifying GPs plead their case to evaluation committees.
  • Evaluation Committee then visits and score short listed GPs physically verifying and evaluating outcomes on a 100 point scale.
  • Evaluation Criteria includes chemical testing of water sources, save usage & handling of water, personal hygiene and hand washing, solid waste management, elimination of OD, communities contribution etc.
rewards
Rewards
  • After evaluation four prizes was distributed among the top performing four GPs.

Ist Prize - Rs. 70,000/-

IInd Prize - Rs. 60,000/-

IIIrd Prize - Rs. 50,000/-

IVth Prize - Rs. 20,000/-

highlights of the program
Highlights of the Program
  • Community Empowerment: Community are able to conduct Sanitary Survey and bacteriological testing of water sources (using the H2S vials, on their own.
  • Competitive Spirit Building: Launch of reward scheme creates a spirit of competition among members of local self-government to institutionalize water quality surveillance in villages
  • Enhanced community level governance: CLAWSES methodology is empowering process that helps communities tackle issues of poor water quality and open defecation
  • Increased Awareness Level: Villages awareness level increases on water born disease and water source protection
slide16
Acknowledgement
  • World Bank India, DDWS Government of India, District Project Management Unit Bhimtal, Knowledge Links, UNICEF – India,
  • Director, UAOA, Nanital
  • Deputy Director ((Training) UAOA, Nanital
  • Director PMU, Swajal Project, Dehradun
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