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Arrays & Functions Lesson xx

Arrays & Functions Lesson xx

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Arrays & Functions Lesson xx

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  1. Arrays & Functions Lesson xx

  2. Objective • Pass one element of an array to a function • Pass entire array to function • Write a program that passes an array to a function

  3. Pass One Element of Array to a Function double squareRoot (double x); int main() {   double num[100] = {6.5,7.16,8.33,17.87};   double sr; sr = squareRoot(num[3]);   return 0; } 6.5 num[0] 7.16 num[1] 8.33 num[2] 17.87 num[3] . . . 0 num[4] 0 0 num[5] num[99]

  4. Pass One Element of Array to a Function double squareRoot (double x); int main() {   double num[100] = {6.5,7.16,8.33,17.87};   double sr; sr = squareRoot(num[3]);   return 0; } 6.5 num[0] 7.16 num[1] 8.33 num[2] 17.87 num[3] . . . 0 num[4] 0 0 num[5] num[99]

  5. Pass an Entire Array to a Function int minimum( int g [ ]); int main() { int grade[100]; int smallest; // code to read in the grades  smallest = minimum(grade);   return 0; }

  6. Pass an Entire Array to a Function int minimum( int g [ ]); int main() { int grade[100]; int smallest; // code to read in the gradessmallest = minimum(grade);   return 0; }

  7. Program Description Write a program that reads in two 80 digit numbers. Pass the 2 numbers to a function that adds the two numbers together.

  8. Program Logic- Plan A int a, b, c; cin >> a >> b; c = a + b;

  9. Program Logic Plan B a[0] c[0] b[0] a[1] c[1] b[1] b[2] a[2] c[2] b[79] a[79] c[79] a[80] . . . . . . . . . b[80] c[80]

  10. Program Listing int main() { int a[81]= {0}, b[81]= {0}, c[81], i; void add (intaa[ ],int bb[ ],int cc[ ]); for (i = 1; i < 81; i++) /*read in array a*/ { cout << "enter number " << i << " "; cin >>a[i]; } cout << "\n"; for (i = 1; i < 81; i++) /*read in array b*/ { cout << "enter number " << i << " "; cin >>b[i]; }

  11. Program Listing Part 2 add (a,b,c); /*call function to add 2 numbers*/ cout << "the sum =\n"; for ( i = 0; i< 81; i++) cout << c[i]; return 0; } /*******************add routine*****************/ void add (intaa[ ], int bb[ ], int cc[ ]) { int carry = 0, i; for (i = 80; i > -1; i--) { cc[i] = aa[i] +bb[i]+ carry; if (cc[i] > 9) { cc[i] = cc[i]-10; carry = 1; } else carry = 0 ; } }

  12. Set Up Arrays int main() { int a[81]= {0}, b[81]= {0}, c[81], i; void add (intaa[ ],int bb[ ],int cc[ ]); 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 a[0] c[0] b[0] a[1] b[1] c[1] a[2] c[2] b[2] c[79] b[79] a[79] . . . . . . . . . b[80] a[80] c[80]

  13. Input 1st 80 Digit Number for (i = 1; i < 81; i++) /*read in array a*/ { cout << "enter number " << i << " "; cin >>a[i]; } 7 0 0 0 1 0 0 9 0 0 0 8 b[0] a[0] c[0] a[1] c[1] b[1] c[2] b[2] a[2] b[79] c[79] a[79] . . . . . . . . . b[80] a[80] c[80]

  14. Input 2nd 80 Digit Number for (i = 1; i < 81; i++) /*read in array b*/ { cout << "enter number " << i << " "; cin >>b[i]; } 7 0 0 6 1 3 5 9 0 5 0 8 b[0] a[0] c[0] a[1] c[1] b[1] c[2] b[2] a[2] b[79] c[79] a[79] . . . . . . . . . b[80] a[80] c[80]

  15. Call to Function add( ) add (a,b,c); /*call function to add 2 numbers*/ 7 0 0 6 1 3 5 9 0 5 0 8 b[0] a[0] c[0] a[1] c[1] b[1] c[2] b[2] a[2] b[79] c[79] a[79] . . . . . . . . . b[80] a[80] c[80]

  16. Addition Logic 129 +34 ------ 163 129 +34 ------ 3 1 129 +34 ------ 63 C B A

  17. Function add ( ) void add (intaa[ ], int bb[ ], int cc[ ]) 7 0 0 6 1 3 5 9 0 5 0 8 bb[0] aa[0] cc[0] aa[1] cc[1] bb[1] cc[2] bb[2] aa[2] aa[79] bb[79] cc[79] . . . . . . . . . bb[80] aa[80] cc[80]

  18. Set Up Carry & Add 2 Rightmost Digits int carry = 0, i; for (i = 80; i > -1; i--) { cc[i] = aa[i] +bb[i]+ carry; 80 i 7 0 6 0 5 3 1 9 8 0 13 0 5 aa[0] bb[0] cc[0] cc[1] bb[1] aa[1] aa[2] cc[2] bb[2] aa[79] bb[79] cc[79] . . . . . . . . . 0 carry bb[80] aa[80] cc[80]

  19. Check to See If Sum is 2 Digits if (cc[i] > 9) { cc[i] = cc[i]-10; carry = 1; } 80 i 7 0 6 0 5 3 1 9 8 0 3 0 5 aa[0] bb[0] cc[0] cc[1] bb[1] aa[1] aa[2] cc[2] bb[2] aa[79] bb[79] cc[79] . . . . . . . . . 1 carry bb[80] aa[80] cc[80]

  20. 2nd Time Through Loop for (i = 80; i > -1; i--) { cc[i] = aa[i] +bb[i]+ carry; 79 i 7 0 6 0 5 3 5 1 9 8 0 3 5 0 aa[0] cc[0] bb[0] cc[1] bb[1] aa[1] bb[2] aa[2] cc[2] aa[79] bb[79] cc[79] . . . . . . . . . 1 carry bb[80] aa[80] cc[80]

  21. No Carry Situation if (cc[i] > 9) { cc[i] = cc[i]-10; carry = 1; } else carry = 0 ; 79 i 7 0 6 0 5 3 5 1 9 8 0 3 5 0 aa[0] cc[0] bb[0] cc[1] bb[1] aa[1] bb[2] aa[2] cc[2] aa[79] bb[79] cc[79] . . . . . . . . . 0 carry bb[80] aa[80] cc[80]

  22. Finished Sum for (i = 80; i > -1; i--) { cc[i] = aa[i] +bb[i]+ carry; if (cc[i] > 9) { cc[i] = cc[i]-10; carry = 1; } else carry = 0 ; } -1 i 7 0 6 1 0 3 5 1 3 5 9 4 1 5 0 8 0 3 cc[0] bb[0] aa[0] cc[1] bb[1] aa[1] cc[2] bb[2] aa[2] aa[79] bb[79] cc[79] . . . . . . . . . 0 carry bb[80] aa[80] cc[80]

  23. Print the Sum in main( ) cout << "the sum =\n"; for ( i = 0; i< 81; i++) cout << c[i]; return 0; -1 i 7 0 6 1 3 0 5 9 3 4 1 5 0 8 1 0 5 3 c[0] b[0] a[0] c[1] b[1] a[1] a[2] c[2] b[2] a[79] b[79] c[79] . . . . . . . . . 0 carry b[80] a[80] c[80]

  24. Summary • Pass one element of an array to a function • Pass entire array to function • Write a program that passes an array to a function