Toss the Salt! . Carleton University Healthy Workplace Program Cindy Sass, RD October 8, 2013. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) 1 out of 5 Canadians have it. It is Deadly! boosts risks of heart attack, stroke, heart failure, kidney disease, dementia.
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Toss the Salt! Carleton University Healthy Workplace Program Cindy Sass, RD October 8, 2013
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) • 1 out of 5 Canadians have it. It is Deadly! boosts risks of heart attack, stroke, heart failure, kidney disease, dementia. It accounts for far more doctor visits than any other ailment. What’s the worry with salt?
30 % of high blood pressure is due to high salt intake. (Blood Pressure Canada) • Beyond its effect on blood pressure, salt may damage the heart, kidneys and other organs. Salt
People who cut their salt intake: • Have lower blood pressures, risk of stroke and heart attack, and other cardiovascular events. • A decrease in sodium in the diet even among those with modestly elevated blood pressure, lowers risk of CVD later in life. Lower salt means less disease
Over time 90% of people in Canada will develop hypertension. • Blood pressure rises as you age. • In a US study, average systolic blood pressure in Americans aged 45-64, jumped five points in five years. Nearly everyone gets high blood pressure
Fact • 80 % of the salt we eat is added to food before we buy it. I don’t salt my foods...
Adequate Intake (AI) Upper Limit (UL) • Infants 0-6 months 120 mg/day No data • Infants 7-12 months 370 mg/day No data • Children 1-3 years 1000 mg/day 1500 mg/day • Children 4-8 years 1200 mg/day 1900 mg/day • Teens 9-13 years 1500 mg/day 2200 mg/day • Adults 14-50 years 1500 mg/day 2300 mg/day • Older adults 51-70 years 1300 mg/day • Older adults over 70 years 1200 mg/day The average Canadian consumes about 3,500 mg of sodium per day
Recommended intake for adults is 1500 mg • Where do you get your sodium from?? http://www.projectbiglife.ca/sodium/ BiGLiFE Sodium Quiz
Restaurant Meals • Condiments and sauces • Canned foods, soups • Breads and cereals • Ready to eat meals and mixes • Snack foods • Processed foods • Cheese • Processed/Deli meats Sources of Sodium
When checking sodium levels, focus on: • Serving size: How much food the Nutrition Facts table refers to. • The number of mg of sodium listed in the table. • Number of servings consumed x number of mg of sodium listed = mg sodium consumed. Remember, the recommended daily intake for adults is 1,500 mg sodium (around 500 mg per meal). How to read a nutrition facts label
Buy and eat more fresh foods, especially fruits and vegetables. • Remember that unprocessed, fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables are good for you and are naturally low in sodium. Toss the Salt!
Cook more food at home to avoid relying on take out or drive thru meals. • Dine out less often, when possible ask for less salt to be added when ordering. Toss the salt!
Limit processed foods or ready to eat foods. • Choose packaged foods lower in sodium or brands with the lowest % DV of sodium on the food label. Toss the salt!
Rarely eat foods that are smoked, cured, pickled or salted. Toss the salt!
Try to avoid high sodium products with more than 400 milligrams (mg) sodium per serving. • Cut back on those with a sodium content of 200 –400 mg per serving. • Look for those products with less than 200 mg per serving. Toss the salt!
If you do use canned products, rinse the contents before using. Toss the salt!
Toss the salt! Limit the use of condiments. Flavour your food with lemon or lime juice, fresh garlic, spices and herbs.
Gourmet salts contain approximately 100% sodium chloride, just like table salt, meaning they will have exactly the same effect on your blood pressure and health. Claims about “gourmet” salts being healthier than table varieties should be taken with a grain of salt. Salt is salt, whether it’s Himalayan, Kosher, Rock, Sea, or Table
As you slowly decrease your salt your taste buds will adjust! Toss the salt!
We need to lobby our government to pressure and if necessary – require food companies to cut salt in our food. Toss the salt!
Sodium 101 app • www.heartandstroke.ca • www.mrsdash.com • www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash • www.sodium101.ca Websites
If it is a plant – eat it! • If it is made in a plant – don’t! Toss the salt!