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AAAS 2012 Vancouver | February 17th. Economic crises and the role of science. Introduction. Disasters and crises have a familiar answer : more investments in knowledge Flood Disaster 1953 Netherlands Sputnik Shock 1957 US Ozone hole 1985 Global

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Economic crises and the role of science

AAAS 2012 Vancouver | February 17th

Economiccrises and the role of science

Barend van der Meulen | 1 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Introduction
Introduction

Disasters and crises have a familiaranswer: more investments in knowledge

  • FloodDisaster1953 Netherlands

  • Sputnik Shock 1957 US

  • Ozone hole 1985 Global

  • Global warming 1988-... Global

  • 9/11 2001 US - Global

  • Earthquake 2011 Japan

  • Economic crisis 2008 // Euro crisis 2011

Barend van der Meulen | 2 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Flood disaster 1953 netherlands
Flooddisaster 1953 Netherlands

Barend van der Meulen | 3 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Sputnik shock 1957
Sputnik Shock 1957

Barend van der Meulen | 4 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Global warming 1988
Global warming 1988-…

Barend van der Meulen | 5 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Economic crisis 2008 2011
Economic crisis 2008 // 2011

Twoobservations

  • The crisis comesnotfromoutside, andscience is part of the problem.

  • Calls forinvestments in basic sciencecomewith claims thatrevenueswill take 20-years

Barend van der Meulen | 6 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Science and the crisis i economics
Scienceand the crisis I: economics

  • Trigger: the destruction of the housing market.

  • Is there no scienceinvolved? There is!

    Sociology of knowledgeappliedtomarketsandfinance show how financial practices are entangledwithknowledge, technologyand information. (eg MacKenzie, Knorr-Cetina, Callon)

  • Theoretical misfits:

    • Distribution of risks

    • Possibilities of marketsto correct greed

    • Role of big firms as stabilizinginstitutions

Barend van der Meulen | 7 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Role of science in crisis ii nbic
Role of science in crisis II: NBIC

  • Kondratieff waves

  • New scienceandtechnology

  • New economic sectors andgrowth

  • New internationalbalances

Barend van der Meulen | 8 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


International scientific portfolios
International scientificportfolios

Formersoviet: Chemistry, Mechanics

New Asian

NBIC

US - Europe

Physics, Health

Barend van der Meulen | 9 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


The netherlands massachussetts sout h korea
The Netherlands, Massachussetts, South-Korea

Economic crisis is part of a globaleconomicandscientifid shift

Barend van der Meulen | 10 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


First conclusions lessons
First conclusions / lessons

  • Disasters have usual response: more science

  • But scienceis notonly a solution but part of the problem

  • Scienceandpracticesentangled in

    “scientific-technological-socialparadigms”

  • Challenge for risk control is toorganizediversity in scienceand society

  • Challenge for STI governancein Europe to reform STI institutions

Barend van der Meulen | 11 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


E ffects on science europe 2008
Effects on science: Europe 2008

Different startingpositions

  • Science intensive countries UK, GE, FR, CH, NL, SU

  • Many small countriescatching up: CEEC

Barend van der Meulen | 12 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Eu response new horizon 2020
EU response: New Horizon 2020

Excellent Science

  • European Research Council

  • Future & Emergent Technology

  • Training and career

  • Infrastructures

    € 24 598 million

Industrial Leadership

  • leadership in Key Enabling Technologies

  • access to risk finance

  • innovation in SMEs

     € 17 938 million

Societal Challenges

  • Health and demographic change

  • Food security

  • Secure and clean energy

  • Smart transport

  • Climate and resource efficiency

  • Inclusive societies

    € 31 748 million

Barend van der Meulen | 13 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


National responses mix
National responses: mix

  • Investments in science, policiestorestructure the science system and breed European Top Universitieswithinglobalcompetition

    (eg Denmark, Germany, France)

  • No new budgets andpoliciesto link universities closer toindustry

    (eg UK, Netherlands)

  • New budgets cuts especially in countriessufferingfrom the Eurocrisis

    (eg Greece, Portugal, etc.)

Barend van der Meulen | 14 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


European struggle
European struggle

Securing the science system

  • European identity

  • strong in scientific output and impact

  • weak links witheconomy

  • Institutional inert

Building aninnovation system

  • European paradox

  • Emphasisingsocietalchallenges

  • University industrycollaborations

  • Institutionalreforms

Barend van der Meulen | 15 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Three possible outcomes
Three possibleoutcomes

Scenario 1: Horizon 2020 results in a European knowledge area withintegratedprocesses of research, innovationandhighereducation

Scenario 2: Horizon 2020 is obstructedbynationalressentimentsandresults in more complexityandfurtherinstitutionalinertia.

Scenario 3: Horizon 2020 andnationalpoliciestogethercreate European winners andnational losers

Barend van der Meulen | 16 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake


Final conclusions lessons
Finalconclusions / lessons

  • But scienceis notonly a solution but part of the problem

  • Challenge for risk control is toorganizediversity in scienceand society

  • Challenge: new governance of science, technologyandinnovation

  • But science as a solution createsstrugglesabout the role of scienceanditsposition

  • Danger: more scientific research but without restructuringmaycreate more lock-ins

Barend van der Meulen | 17 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake