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Delivery - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Delivery. Delivery Defined. Physical attributes that contribute to meaning Gestures and facial expressions Timing Voice General body language Does not distract but complements words Contextual: no specific rules. Oral Delivery Guidelines. Use natural style Show enthusiasm

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Delivery defined
Delivery Defined

  • Physical attributes that contribute to meaning

    • Gestures and facial expressions

    • Timing

    • Voice

    • General body language

  • Does not distract but complements words

  • Contextual: no specific rules

Oral delivery guidelines
Oral Delivery Guidelines

  • Use natural style

  • Show enthusiasm

  • Use vocal variety

  • Pauses

  • Articulate and pronounce

Vocal variety
Vocal Variety

  • Volume

    • Project to back of room if no microphone

    • Adjust microphone; never lean into it

    • Observe audience nonverbals and adjust as needed

    • Can change volume to provide drama

Vocal variety1
Vocal Variety

  • Pitch

    • High or low sounds that provide inflection

    • Add warmth and vitality to voice

    • Reflects mood, e.g., anger, excitement, boredom

    • No inflection = monotone

    • Use upward inflections at ends of sentences only to indicate a question

Vocal variety2
Vocal Variety

  • Rate/speed

    • Creates mood

    • Show excitement

    • Can be used to review information audience already knows

Tips on vocal variety
Tips on Vocal Variety

  • Use to make speech more interesting

  • Be enthusiastic and voice naturally will follow


  • Use to emphasize a point

  • Can seem like an eternity—resist urge to hurry forward

  • Resist the urge to “um”

Articulation and pronunciation
Articulation and Pronunciation

  • Articulation

    • Pronounce every syllable (e.g. rĕ-că-nize)

    • Can be related to regionalisms or accents

  • Pronunciation

    • Correctly annunciating each syllable (e.g. rĕ-cŏg-nize)

    • Adds to credibility

Avoid dialects
Avoid Dialects

  • Relates to words and phrases that only speakers of the dialect understand

    • Put the sack in the buggy.

    • Turn right after the rotary.

    • Wow! This is really pepper.

Nonverbal communication
Nonverbal Communication

  • Tells people more about us than do just our words

  • Includes vocal variety, facial expressions, eye contact, etc.

  • Can belie verbal message

  • Should complement rather than distract

Eye contact
Eye Contact

  • Must include entire audience

  • Make individual eye contact in smaller rooms; scan larger ones


  • Should complement rather than distract

    • Add clarity and reinforcement

    • Add interest

      • Avoid the talking head

      • Watch for the wings

      • Don’t overdo

  • Relax and they will come naturally

Dress and posture
Dress and Posture

  • Adapt to audience’s dress

  • Always dress up one level when unsure

    • Men can always remove a tie and/or jacket

    • Ladies can use jewelry and scarves to vary level of formality

  • Maintain good posture

    • Avoid leaning on lectern

    • Avoid leaning into mic

Nervous habits that distract
Nervous Habits that Distract

  • Playing with any part of body or dress

  • Slapping arm, hand, or fist on lectern or table

  • Clapping hands

  • Jiggling pocket change or keys

  • Gathering notes and tapping on podium

  • Any repetitive, non-meaningful gesture

Physical delivery guidelines
Physical Delivery Guidelines

  • Maintain eye contact

  • Vary facial expression

  • Use meaningful gestures

  • Dress appropriately

  • Maintain good posture

  • Avoid nervous habits

  • Practice in front of a mirror

  • Practice in front of an audience