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Overthrow Chapters

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  1. Hawaii Cuba Nicaragua Philippines Iran Guatemala Viet Nam Chile Grenada Puerto Rico Panama (Noriega, Canal) Iraq (Not in Overthrow): Haiti Dominican Republic (Multiple Times) Mexican Revolution (Wilson) Brazil (Goulart Coup) Overthrow Chapters

  2. World Civilizations From the 16th Century

  3. Renaissance • Humanism • Thomas More, Utopia • Erasmus • Machiavelli, The Prince (1516) • Magna Carta (1215) • Tsar (Czar)

  4. 30 Year’s War 1618-1648 “Holy Roman Empire” Treaty of Westphalia 1648 Jean Bodin Cardinal Richelieu 1585-1648 Royal Absolutism Intendents Cardinal Mazarin Louis XIV 1643-1715 “Divine Right of Kings” War of the Spanish Succession 1700-1713 European States

  5. Bourbons Stuarts James I (r. 1603-1625) Parliament Puritans Oliver Cromwell Charles I (r. 1625-1685) “Glorious Revolution” 1688 William of Orange William and Mary (1689-1702) English Bill of Rights

  6. Russia Austria Prussia Tsar (Czar) Romanovs (1613-1917) Hapsburgs Hohenzollerns Fredrick William “The Great Elector” (r. 1640-1688) Fredrick William (r. 1713-1740) Frederick II “The Great” (r. 1740-1780) Maria Theresa (r. 1740-1780) Eastern Europe

  7. Greek Orthodox Church Mongols 1241 Moscow Ivan IV “The Terrible” (r. 1533-1584) “The Time of Troubles” (early 17th Century) Peter I “The Great” (r. 1682-1724) Poland Turkey Islam (Moslems, Muslims)

  8. The Scientific Method Rene Descartes (1596-1650) [Deductive Reasoning] Francis Bacon (1561-1626) [Inductive Reasoning] Empirical Method The Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies, Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543) Johannes Keller (1571-1630) Galileo Galilee (1562-1642) Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Law of Gravitation Scientific Revolution

  9. Principia Mathematica 1687 Enlightenment Natural Law Deism The Inquisition Baruch Spinoza Pantheism Secularism John Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1690 Baron Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws 1748 Voltaire (1694-1778) Marquis de Lafayette Adam Smith (1723-1790) Wealth of Nations Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile 1762 Denis Diderot (1713-1784) Encylopedie

  10. Freemasonry (Masons) American Revolution 1775-1783 Seven Years’ War (French and Indian War) 1765-1763 Stamp Act 1765 Navigation Acts Boston Tea Party 1773 Continental Congress Patrick Henry John Adams Sam Adams Loyalists (Tories) Articles of Confederation Constitution 1789 Deists Liberalism

  11. French Revolution 1789 Louis XVI (1774-1792) Marie Antoinette Estates General 1789 National Constituent Assembly The Bastille Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen Civil Constitution of the Clergy 1790 Jacobins National Convention “Reign of Terror” 1793 French Revolution

  12. Courts of the People Committee of Public Safety Robespierre Danton “Egalite, Liberte, Fraternite” Levee en Masse The Directory Napoleon Bonaparte First Consul “Napoleonic Settlement” Talleyrand Waterloo 1815 Treaty of Vienna 1815 Metternich

  13. Charles IV Manuel Godoy Ferdinand VII Joseph Bonaparte (“Pepe Botellas”) Guerrilla War Juntas for the Defense of Ferdinand VII Cortes of Cadiz 1812 Constitution of Cadiz 1812 Riego Revolt 1820 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla “Grito de Dolores” Sept. 16, 1810 Spanish American Revolutions for Independence

  14. Creole Peninsulares Mestizos Queretaro Conspiracy 1810 Jose Maria Morelos Vicente Guerrero Felix Fernandez (Guadalupe Victoria) Augustin de Iturbide

  15. Francisco Miranda Simon Bolivar Simon Rodriguez Cabildo Jose Antonio Paez Llaneros Battle of Boyaca 1819 Francisco de Paula Santander Battle of Carabobo 1821 Congress of Cucuta 1821 Jose Antonio de Sucre Manuela Saenz Jose de San Martin Portenos Sir Hume Popham

  16. Santiago Liniers Mariano Moreno Cornelio Saavedra Manuel Belgrano Bernardino Rivadavia Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia Gauchos Jose Gervasio Artigas Lautaro Lodge (Masons) Bernardo O’Higgins Carrera Brothers Luis Beltran Battle of Chacabuco 1817 Lord Cochrane Riego Revolt 1820 Battle of Ayacucho 1824

  17. Carlota Joaquina John VI (Jao VI) Fazendas (fazenderos) Pedro I “Fico” Jose Bonafacio de Andrada e Silva Sao Paulo Queen Leopoldina Grito de Yprianga (Sept. 7, 1822) Independence of Brazil

  18. Karl Marx 1818-1883 Friedrich Engels Communist Manifesto 1848 Das Kapital 1867 First International 1864 Anarchism Michael Bakunin “Propaganda of the Deed” Syndicalism Labour Party 1906 Chancellor Bismarck German Social Democratic Party 1890 Industrial Society

  19. Eduard Bernstein • Revisionsim • Second International 1889

  20. Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 Bismarck Alsace-Lorraine The Triple Alliance 1882 Kaiser Wilhelm II (r. 1888-1918) Anglo-French Entente 1904 Anglo-Russian Agreement 1907 Archduke Franz Ferdinand Central Powers Allied (Entente) Powers World War I

  21. Woodrow Wilson • 14 Points • League of Nations • Propaganda

  22. Mongols Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 Zhu (Hongwu) Yongle (1402-1424) Macao Beijing (Peking) Forbidden City Great Wall Eunuchs Manzhou (Manchu) Qing Dynasty (1664-1911) Kangxi (Kang-hsi r. 1662-1722) Qienlon (Chien Lung r. 1736-1739) China

  23. Daimyo Shogun Shogunate Shintoism Buddhism Oda Nobunaga (1523-1582) Toyotomi Hideyoshi Tokugawa Ieyasu (r. 1603-1616 Tokagawa Shogunate1603-1867 Samurai Sakoku (Isolationism) Tokyo Kyoto Commodore Perry 1853-1854 Japan to the Meiji Restoration

  24. Qur’an(Koran) Mongols Chinghis Kahn (1167-1227) Ottoman Turks Jihad Sultans Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror Istanbul (Constantinople) fell 1453 Suleiman the Magnificent (r. 1520-1533 Grand Vizier Grand Mufti Ulema Muslim World- 1

  25. Janissaries The Balkans Infidels “Sick Man of Europe” Sunni Shi’ite Sufi Muhammed (The Prophet) Ishmail Safavid Empire Shah Shah Abbas I (r. 1587-1629) Isfahan Mughals (Moghuls) Hindu Sultinate of Delhi Akbar the Great (r. 1556-1605) Aurangzeb (1656-1707) Taj Mahal

  26. Guinea Angola Tanzania Uganda Mahdi Rebellion 1880s Cape Colony Boers Orange Free State 1836 Zulus Cecil Rhodes Boer War 1899-1902 Aparthied Belgian Congo David Livingston Henry Stanley Ethiopia (Abyssinia) Liberia Colonial Africa

  27. Fascism Keynesian Economics John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946) Labour Party Great Depression Treaty of Versailles 1920 Weimar Constitution Weimar Republic 1919 Reparations The Ruhr Dawes Plan 1924 Totalitarianism Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) IL Popolo d’Italia Fasces King Victor Emmanuel III Corporatism Europe 1919-1920

  28. “lL Duce” Ethiopia Marshal Jozef Pilsudski Admiral Miklos Horthy Locarno Pact 1925

  29. Tsar Nicholas II March Revolution Duma Alexander Kerensky Bolsheviks Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) Central Committee Soviet Council of Worker and Soldiers Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) October Revolution Cheka Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 1918 Russia to WWII

  30. New Economic Policy (NEP) Political Bureau (Politburo) Josef Stalin (1879-1953) First Five Year Plan (1929-1933) Collectivization Campaign Kulaks Red Army Purges Show Trial

  31. Totalitarianism Mein Kampf Mussolini National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) 1920 Stalin Adolf Hitler Beer Hall Putsch 1923 Reichstag Paul Von Hindenburg Enabling Act 1933 Joseph Goebbels Heinrich Himmler Holocaust Nuremburg Laws 1935 Wannsee Conference 1942 “Final Solution” Fascism in Germany

  32. Opium Wars 1840-1842 British East India Company “Unequal Treaties” Manchu (Manchu) Dynasty Taiping and Nien Rebellions Hug Hsiu-chuan “Self Strengthening” Empress Dowager Cixi (1835-1908) Boxer Rebellion 1900 Kang yu-wei (1858-1925) Yuan Shikai Republic of China 1912 Kuomingtang (KMT) East Asia 1840-1949

  33. May Fourth Movement 1919 Chiang Kai-shek Chinese Communist Party (CCP) 1925 Long March of 1934 Mao Zedong Meiji Restoration 1868 Shinto Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 Manchuria Anti-Comintern Pact 1937

  34. The “Little Entente League of Nations Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 Francisco Franco Rhineland Axis Pact Anschluss Munich Conference 1938 Neville Chamberlain Nazi –Soviet Non-Aggression Pact 1939 Winston Churchill Battle of Stalingrad 1942-1943 Partisans Mao Zedong World War II

  35. Cold War Marshall Plan 1947 Truman Doctrine 1947 N.A.T.O. 1949 Warsaw Pact Korean War 1950-1953 Nikita Khrushchev Hungarian Rebellion 1956 Berlin Wall 1961-1989 Fidel Castro Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 1963 Charles de Gaulle The U.S.-U.S.S.R. Rivalry

  36. Third World Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969) Marxism Labour Party Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) Congress Party Jawaharlal Nehru Pakistan Bangladesh Ghana Marshal Tito De-Colonization and the “Third World”

  37. Peoples’ Republic of China 1949 Mao Zedong (died 1976) Zhou Enlai The Great Leap Forward 1958 Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution 1965 Red Guards Thought of Chairman Mao (Little Red Book) The Gang of Four Deng Xiaoping Tienanmen Square Massacre 1989 General Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) The New Asia

  38. Diet Liberal Democratic Party Mahatma Gandhi Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964) Indira Gandhi Ho Chi Minh

  39. Islamic Fundamentalism Pan-Arabism (Arab Nationalism) Hussein Family of Sheikhs Mandates Ibn Saud Saudi Arabia O.P.E.C. Ayatollah Khomeini Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) Treaty of Lausanne 1923 Zionists Balfour declaration of 1917 Theodore Herzl Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) 1964 Reza Shah Pahlavi (r. 1925-1941 The Modern Muslim World

  40. Shah Muhammad Pahlavi (r. 1941-1979) • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini • Yom Kippur War 1973 • Saddam Hussein