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Study to examine the links between corruption and organised crime. Tihomir Bezlov and Philip Gounev Center for the Study of Democracy Blagoevgrad , 28 February 2013. Content. Goals and objectives Methodology Organised crime and corruption Institutional perspectives

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study to examine the links between corruption and organised crime

Study to examine the links between corruption and organised crime

TihomirBezlov and Philip Gounev

Center for the Study of Democracy

Blagoevgrad, 28 February 2013

content
Content
  • Goals and objectives
  • Methodology
  • Organised crime and corruption
    • Institutional perspectives
    • Market perspectives
    • Member state perspectives
  • Case studies
  • Recommendations
objectives
Objectives
  • Take stock of existing studies on the link
  • Identify the factors that bring about the use of corruption by organised crime within the public and private sectors
  • provide a framework for future assessment of the trends in the how corruption is used by organised crime
  • provide a framework for future assessment of the effectiveness of the various preventive and repressive measures
research methods
Research methods
  • Statistical data:
  • 105 indicators / indexes

Data sources

  • 156 interviews
  • (law-enforcement, judiciary, private sector, academics, journalists, anti-corruption authorities)
  • Literature
  • review
  • Semi-structured interviews
  • 6 country studies
  • (FR, NL, EL, BG, IT, ES)
  • Institutions:
  • Police
  • Judiciary
  • Customs
  • Political

Data analysis

  • Illegal Markets:
  • Cigarettes
  • THB
  • Car-theft
  • Extortion

Private sector

MS clusters

  • Cluster / neural network
  • analysis
corruption and
Corruption and

Corruption and GDP

statistical evidence country clusters1
Statistical evidence: country clusters

Weak link b/w corruption & OC

Strong link b/w corruption & OC

issues with statistical evidence and clusters
Issues with statistical evidence and clusters
  • Unreliable data (no index on ‘organised crime’)
  • Data on corruption measures primarily perceptions / petty corruption
  • No explanations to describe the nature of the relationship
    • (many factors are not / are difficult to measure statistically)
  • Difficult clustering (unclear boundaries between clusters; single-country clusters)
institutions and corruption
Institutions and corruption
  • Police
  • Judiciary
  • Political corruption
    • Customs administration and tax administration
  • Other institutions (depending on OC activity)
    • Museums (antiquities market)
    • Ministries of agriculture / forest services (illegal logging)
    • Ministries of economy / trade (arms trafficking)
further information
Further information

www.csd.bg

http://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/doc_centre/crime/docs/study_on_links_between_organised_crime_and_corruption_en.pdf

TihomirBezlov

t.bezlov@csd.bg

Philip Gounev

philip.gounev@csd.bg