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Leadership for Innovative Omani Schools in the 21st Century

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Data Driven Planning and Decision-making for Continuous School Improvement: Developing a Program Evaluation Plan. Leadership for Innovative Omani Schools in the 21st Century. Program Evaluation. Program Evaluation

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Data Driven Planning and Decision-making for Continuous School Improvement: Developing a Program Evaluation Plan

Leadership for Innovative Omani Schools in the 21st Century

program evaluation
Program Evaluation

Program Evaluation

“The systematic collection of information about the activities, characteristics, and outcomes of programs to make judgments about the program, improve program effectiveness, and/or inform decisions about future programming”.

Michael Q. Patton 1

program evaluation1
Program Evaluation

Program Evaluation

“The systematic assessment of the operation and/or the outcomes of a program or policy, compared to a set of explicit or implicit standards, as a means of contributing to the improvement of the program or policy”.

Carol Weiss 2

purposes of evaluation
Purposes of Evaluation

Formative: Provide feedback to make improvements

Summative: Provide feedback to make judgments about worth/success

program evaluation2
Program Evaluation

"When the cook tastes the soup, that’s formative; when the guests taste the soup, that’s summative."

Robert Stake 3

what program evaluation is
What Program Evaluation IS

Program Evaluation

  • Is conducted for specific users for specific uses
  • Does involve individuals or groups of people who care about the results. In evaluation, those persons are identified so that their needs can be addressed
  • Is an applied, practical activity
slide7

What Program Evaluation IS NOT

Program Evaluation

  • Program evaluation is not the same as research.
    • It is a different type of inquiry and requires more skills.
  • Program evaluation is not something that must be conducted by an outside “expert”.
    • Those involved in the program may design an evaluation that will be more useful to them in making decisions about improvement.
slide8

What Program Evaluation IS NOT (continued)

Program Evaluation

  • Program evaluation is not about “proving” that something is or is not working. The two major purposes are to either:

1) improve a program, or

2) determine to what extent the desired outcomes of a program were met.

standards for evaluation 4
Standards for Evaluation4

Utility: Must serve the practical information needs of the intended users.

Feasibility: Must be realistic, prudent, diplomatic and frugal.

Propriety: Must be conducted legally and ethically, and with due regard to those involved in the evaluation and those affected by its results.

Accuracy: Must reveal and report accurate information about the evaluated program.

program evaluation steps
Program Evaluation Steps

Step 1: What will be evaluated?

  • What is the object of the evaluation
  • Which part of the program will be evaluated?
    • Resources?
    • Processes?
    • Outcomes?
program evaluation steps continued
Program Evaluation Steps (continued)

Step 2: Who wants the information and why?

  • Who are the stakeholders?
  • How do they intend to use the information?
program evaluation steps continued1
Program Evaluation Steps (continued)

Step 3: What questions can be answered by the evaluation?

program evaluation steps continued2
Program Evaluation Steps (continued)

Step 4: How will the information be gathered?

  • For each evaluation question:
    • What information is needed?
    • What is the source of each identified piece of information?
    • By what method will each piece of information be gathered?
program evaluation steps continued3
Program Evaluation Steps (continued)
  • Information Storage
    • computer or written records
    • data and field note files
  • Information Security
    • protection from unauthorized use
    • issues of anonymity

Step 5: How will information collection be managed?

  • Information Accuracy
    • – accurate coding – verification
    • – data storage
program evaluation steps continued4
Program Evaluation Steps (continued)

Step 6: How will the information be analyzed?

  • How will the data (quantitative and qualitative) be analyzed?
  • How will the results be interpreted?
  • Who will interpret the results?
program evaluation steps continued5
Program Evaluation Steps (continued)

Step 7: How will the information be reported and used?

  • What are the components of a report?
  • How should the reports for various audiences differ?
program evaluation steps continued6
Program Evaluation Steps (continued)

Step 8: How should an evaluation be managed?

  • Timeline
  • Clear responsibilities
  • Budget
  • Human subject plan
  • Adherence to evaluation standards
program evaluation steps continued7
Program Evaluation Steps (continued)

Step 9: What can be learned from this evaluation?

  • Evaluate the evaluation using the program evaluation standards to:
    • Document problems and areas for possible improvements
    • Review methods and instruments for possible improvements
    • Look for unintended consequences of the evaluation