Learning Objective • I can identify significant individuals, events, and issues of the development of the cattle industry and the cattle trails.
Warm up • Complete the timeline – 5 Minutes 1852 1873 1876 Jose de Escandon land grants Sheep Ranch established by George Wilkens Kendall Opening of the Chisholm Trail Fence cutting becomes a crime
MARKET FOR BEEF • Supply & Demand • Demand for beef in the North & East • $4 in Texas $40 in packinghouses • Creation of cow town – connection to Railroad • Attractions & entertainment
DEVELOPMENT OF CATTLE TRAILS • Chisholm Trail –opened by Jesse Chisholm 1867 (S. TX to Abilene and Ellsworth, KS) • 350,000 head of cattle in two years
TRAILS • Western or Dodge City Trail – 1870s • North from San Antonio (later extended further south) to Dodge City, KS • Goodnight-Loving Trail – Followed the Pecos River into Colorado • Later extended to Wyoming
LIFE ON THE TRAIL • Long days with little sleep • Night watch – • prevent stampedes & thieves • Entertainment • sit around the campfire and sing songs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D40hyjEp0Co&feature=related
Chuck Wagon Wrangler Flank Swing Point Drag Trail boss Drag Cowhands - general term to refer to cowboys on cattle drive Flank Swing Point Drag
EXPANDING CATTLE RANGE • Earlier to market = more money • Some would wait out the winter on government land = first to market in spring • Led to expansion of cattle in west
Trail Boss • The Trail Boss is in charge of all the cowhands and the cattle
pointers • The point position – rode at the side of the lead cattle to direct the herd
Flankers • The Flank position – rode beside the herd and kept them from straying too far
Swing • The swing position – rides alongside a herd to turn it in the right direction
Drag • The Drag position – rides at the rear to keep it moving
Wrangler • Wrangler – Cowboy in charge of the remuda (extra horses) on the trail
Camp cook • Camp cook – fed all of the cowhands on the trail – revered position • Chuck Wagon - A wagon that carried the food, supplies and cooking equipment
ON THE TRAIL • Write a paragraph answering the following questions. • If you were a cowhand…. • What would you be responsible for on the trail? • What would you enjoy most and least about the long ride from home to the market? • How would you entertain yourself?