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第 16 讲 │ 美文佳句. 诵美文   当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。有人选择看电影,有人则喜欢读原著。请你以“ Film or Book, Which do You Prefer ?”为题,按照下列要点写一篇英语短文: 1. 看电影:省时、有趣、易懂。 2. 读原著:细节更多、语言优美。 3. 你的看法及理由。注意: 1 .词数: 120 左右。. 美文佳句. 第 16 讲 │ 美文佳句. 文章题目和开头已给出 ( 不计入词数 ) 。 2 .参考词汇: original work 或 book in the original ( 原著 )

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诵美文


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    1. 第16讲│ 美文佳句 诵美文   当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。有人选择看电影,有人则喜欢读原著。请你以“Film or Book, Which do You Prefer?”为题,按照下列要点写一篇英语短文: 1.看电影:省时、有趣、易懂。 2.读原著:细节更多、语言优美。 3.你的看法及理由。注意:1.词数: 120左右。 美文佳句

    2. 第16讲│ 美文佳句 文章题目和开头已给出(不计入词数)。2.参考词汇: original work 或 book in the original (原著) Film or Book, Which do You Prefer? Some of us think that ___________________________ ______________________________________________

    3. 第16讲│ 美文佳句 Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting, and it is easier to follow. Some others have just the opposite opinions. They think that they can get more detailed information from the original. Meanwhile, the language in the book is possibly more lively and beautiful.

    4. 第16讲│ 美文佳句 Personally, I agree with the second view. Actually I have more reasons for it.I think I can stay at home, reading quietly in a situation of my own, and what's more, I am able to better understand the author's ideas. In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it.

    5. 第16讲│ 美文佳句 背佳句 1.Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. 我们中有人认为看改编后的 电影要比读原著好。 [赏析]that引导的是一个宾语从句,从句中使用了比较结 构,此外,在从句中,it 是形式主语,真正的主语是后 面的动词不定式:“to see the film”。

    6. 第16讲│ 美文佳句 2.The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. 理由是看电影可以花较少的时间理解整个故事。 [赏析] 该句使用了The reason is that…结构,that引导的是 一个表语从句。从句使用了“it takes some time to do sth.” 句式。 3.In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it. 总之,看原著要比看根据原著改编的电影 好。 [赏析] 该句是作者观点的表达,用“In a word”引出,大大 增加了文章的逻辑性,句中比较的对象分别使用了不定式 结构,“based on”为过去分词短语作后置定语,表被动。

    7. 第16讲│课前热身 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1.That plane crash o______ only minutes after take­off. 2.The company is e_______ to expand into new markets. 3.His costly mistake resulted in severe l______. 4.We have taken effective measures to p_______ our natural resource. 5.He is a key ________(证人) in this case. 课前热身 ccured ager oss reserve witness

    8. 第16讲│课前热身 ather 6.Those who are going camping please g______(集合) at the gate. 7.It is difficult to be natural when you are t_____(紧张的). 8.I was never ___________(使灰心)against learning English. 9.It was a _________(渐渐的) process, involving a lot of factors. 10.I _________(颤抖) to think what's going to happen. ense discouraged gradual tremble

    9. 第16讲│课前热身 把……撞倒 阻挡 与其……不如…… 在某种程度上 闯入,破门而入 (使)解散,决裂 被困于 举着;支撑起 (偶然)遇到 理解 Ⅱ.英汉互译 1.knock over… 2.block out 3.more…than… 4.in a way 5.break into 6.split up 7.be/get caught in 8.hold up 9.come across 10.figure out

    10. 第16讲│课前热身 stand for put up with rely on burst into… in particular put on take up name after… add up to set off 11.代表;象征;主张,支持 12.忍受,容忍 13.依靠 14.突然……起来 15.特别,尤其 16.上演;穿上 17.开始从事;占据 18.以……的名字命名 19.总数达,总计为 20.出发;启程;引发,爆炸

    11. 第16讲│课前热身 Ⅲ.完成句子 1.到目前为止,黄河上已经建了好几座桥。 By now, ____________________________over the Yellow River. 2.想看一眼这位明星的影迷挤在了门口。 Fans _________________________are squeezing at the entrance. 3.最后,虽然很累,但他们很高兴,他们乘坐公共汽车返 回了学校。 Finally,___________________, they took the bus back to school. several bridges have been built who are eager to see the star tired but happy

    12. 第16讲│课前热身 4.希望你能告诉我们,要不然我们无法确定你想要的是什么 。 We can not be sure what you want_________________. 5.既然你又恢复了健康,你就可以去旅行。 __________________________________,you can travel. unless you tell us Now that you are well again

    13. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 abandonvt.放弃,遗弃;沉湎于…… abandoned adj.   被遗弃的,被抛弃的 abandonment n. 放弃;抛弃 abandon one's country/friend/… 背弃祖国/背弃朋友/…… abandon oneself to sth./doing 沉湎于 单词点睛 1

    14. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 【词语辨析】 abandon, desert, give up abandon:强调永远或完全放弃、抛弃人或事物等,这可 能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。 desert:着重指违背法律责任和义务或自己的信仰与誓言 的行为。 give up:普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放 弃。

    15. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 was abandoned 【活学活用】 (1) The poor disabled baby _____________(抛弃)by his parents. (2) The police found the lost treasure __________________( 在一口废弃的井里). (3) Now quite a few middle school students_________ _____________________________________(沉湎于网络游 戏) and delay their schooling. (4) The baby's mother _________________(抛弃他) soon after giving birth. be anxious about…为……担忧 in an abandoned well abandon themselves to Internet games deserted him

    16. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 2 eageradj.热心的,热切的;渴望的,急切的 【词语辨析】 eager与anxious eager强调“渴望的,热切的”;anxious强调“焦急的,急 切的”。如: be eager for/be anxious for 渴望得到某物/急切地想得到 某物 be eager to do sth./be anxious to do sth.渴望做某事/急切 地想做某事

    17. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 【活学活用】 (1) He looked around the circle of_____________. 他看了看四周热切的脸庞。 (2) She_____________________. 她渴望成功。 (3) The teacher is glad that everyone in her class_________ ____________________. 老师欣喜地发现班里的每一个学生都渴望学习。 (4) We __________________________your safety. 我们真的很担心你的安全。 eager faces is eager for success is eager to learn are really anxious about

    18. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 3 preservevt.保护;保存;维持;维护 n.专门领域 preserver n.      保护者; 保存者 preservation n. 保存, 保护; 贮藏 【词语辨析】 keep, reserve, preserve keep:最常用词,指长时间牢固地保持或保存、继续保 持。 reserve:正式用词,指为了将来的用途或其他用途而保 存、保留。 preserve:主要指为防止损害、变质等而保存。

    19. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 preserve one's self­respect 【活学活用】 (1) It's difficult to __________________________(保持自尊)in that job. • The courage of the pilot ______________________________ (保住了乘客的性命). (3) We'd like to __________(预定)a table for five for dinner. (4) Please __________________(留个空) in the queue. preserved the lives of the passengers reserve keep me a place

    20. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 4 witnessn.证据;证人 vt.目睹,目击 eyewitness n.       目击者,见证人 a witness to… 是……的目击者 bear/give witness to… 为……证明/作证 witness to (doing) sth. 作证 witness for sb. 作证为某人辩护 witness sth. 目击/见证某事

    21. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 【活学活用】 用witness的适当形式填空 (1) After the accident the police did a lot of work to find clues from___________. (2) She was the only _________of the murder. (3) I was amazed when I __________a whale and her baby swimming in the bay. (4) Your brother will __________for you in this charge. witnesses witness witnessed witness

    22. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 5 particularlyadv.特别地;尤其 particular adj. 特别的;特殊的;讲究的,挑剔的 n. 细节 in particular=particularly  尤其,特别,格外 for some particular reason 因某种理由 be particular about… 对……挑剔,对……讲究 give full particulars 详述,提出细节

    23. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 【活学活用】 (1) I'm not _______________(对……讲究) my clothes; I don't mind what I wear. • Why did you choose that book ______________________ (特别地)? • Are you going to Hong Kong _______________________ (因特别理由)? (4) He gave _______________(所有细节) of the stolen property. particular about in particular/particularly for any particular reason full particulars

    24. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 6 lossn.损失, 丧失,遗失; 遗失物;失利,失败 lose v.      丢失,丧失;失败; 使迷路 lost adj. 失去的;迷失的 at a loss 感到迷惑; 不知所措 suffer a great loss 遭受重大损失 lose temper 发脾气 lose weight 减肥 lose face 丢脸 lose heart 灰心 be lost in… 沉湎于……

    25. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 【活学活用】 Ⅰ.单项填空 The loss has not yet been accurately, but it is believed to be well beyond a hundred million dollars. A. calculatedB.considered C.completed D.controlled 【答案】 A Ⅱ.英汉互译 (1) The army lost heavily in last battle. ______________________________________________。 (2) 他们在树林里迷了路。 ______________________________. 军队在上次的战斗中损失惨重 hey got lost in the forest

    26. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 7 burstvt.&vi.(使)破裂,爆发;突然发作;冲,闯 n.爆裂,迸发 burst forth      突然发生;突然爆发 burst into… 闯入…… burst into tears/laughter… 突然大哭/大笑……起来 burst out crying/laughing… 突然大哭/大笑……起来 【活学活用】 (1)The river __________________(冲破河岸)and flooded the village. (2)He blew the balloon ______________(爆了为止). (3)On hearing the good news, Jane _________________(突然落泪了). burst its banks until it burst burst into tears

    27. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 8 restrictionn.限制;限定 restrict v.      限制 restricted adj. 受限制的;保密的 restrictive adj. 限制的;限定的 restrict…to… 把……限制于…… without restriction 无限制地 lift/abolish/remove/withdraw restriction 解除限制

    28. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 【活学活用】 用restrict的适当形式填空 (1) He was____________to three cigarettes a day. (2) They live in a _________ space. (3) The part in this sentence is a _________ relative clause. restricted restricted restrictive

    29. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 9 expandvt.&vi. 使变大;伸展;阐述 expansion n.    扩张;膨胀;扩大;发展 expansive adj. 广泛的;开朗的;广阔的 expand… into/in 使扩大,变大 expand on/upon sth. 详述 【活学活用】 用expand的适当形式填空 (1) A tyre ______________when we pump air into it. (2) The ___________of gases usually depends on the temperature. (3) Now the __________land is becoming smaller and smaller. expands expansion expansive

    30. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 10 apparentadj. 显而易见的;显然的;表面上的 apparently adv. 显然地;表面上,似乎 【经典句式】 It is apparent that… 很显然…… 【活学活用】 (1) _______________________________________drinking, but the real cause was his deep grief at his wife‘s death.他 生病的表面原因是饮酒过度,但实际原因是丧妻之痛。 (2) ____________________________he was in no condition to travel.他的健康状况显然不宜旅行。 The apparent cause of his illness was excessive It was apparent that/Apparently

    31. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 11 applaudvt.&vi. 鼓掌;赞成;赞许 applause [U] n.     鼓掌,喝彩 applaud one's choice/courage/ambition 赞许某人的选择/勇气/雄心 draw enthusiastic applause 赢得热烈的掌声 greet/receive sb. with applause 鼓掌欢迎某人

    32. 第16讲│ 单词点睛 【注意事项】 clap one's hand=applaud,因此,我们不能说applaud one's hands. 【活学活用】 (1) Today we can only__________________________. 今天我们不能不为他这个决定而欢呼。 (2) His speech_________________________________. 他的讲话赢得了听众的掌声。 applaud his decision won the applause of the audience

    33. 第16讲│ 短语储存 block out 堵住;忘掉;抹去 block in   填塞(某物);画出某物的草图 block off 封锁 block up 阻塞(管子、道路、河流等) 【活学活用】 用block相关短语的适当形式填空 (1) Police __________the street after the accident. (2) He has ____________the shape of the building. 短语储存 1 blocked off blocked in

    34. 第16讲│ 短语储存 2 name…after 以……命名 by name        凭名字,用……的名字 call sb's name 辱骂某人 in name 在名义上 in sb's name/in the name of sb. 以某人的名义 make a name 成名,出名 【活学活用】 • The new­born baby _______________(以……的名字命名) the hero. (2) He _____________(成名)when he was only 11 years old. (3) I only know him ___________(凭借名字). was named after made a name by name

    35. 第16讲│ 短语储存 3 hold up 耽搁;举出;支撑起 hold up one's head   昂首,泰然处之 hold back 阻挡;控制(感情等) hold on 别挂断(电话),稍等;握紧 hold out 伸出手 hold to 抓牢;坚持(决心、信念等) catch/get/take hold of 抓住

    36. 第16讲│ 短语储存 hold back 【活学活用】 (1)They built banks of earth to __________(阻挡)the rising floods. (2)The little boy ______________________(抓住)a tree in the flood for more than six hours and saved himself. (3)The highway __________(中断)by bad weather. (4)No matter what you said, he ________(坚持)his resolution. caught/got/took hold of was held up held to

    37. 第16讲│ 短语储存 4 put up with 忍受,容忍 put away    把……收起来,放好 put forward 提出(意见、建议等) put on 表演,演出,上演(戏剧) put aside 节省(钱、时间等);储存……备用 come up with 提出, 想出 catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上

    38. 第16讲│ 短语储存 【活学活用】 Ⅰ.单项填空 (1) Trey had to the inconvenience since they couldn't find a better place. A.put upC.put out D.put up with B.put down (2) You will never know what I have put up . A.to B.for C.with D.at 【答案】 (1)D(2)C Ⅱ.根据汉语提示完成句子 The scientists are beating their brains trying to ________________(想出) a solution to the problem. come up with

    39. 第16讲│ 短语储存 5 now that 既然;由于(because/since/as)=in that in that       因为,由于 in that case 既然那样 not that…but that … 不是……而是…… 以上结构后跟句子 due to 起因于;归功于 because of 因为 on account of 为了……的缘故 owing to 由于;因为 thanks to 由于;多亏 as the result of 因为 以上结构后跟名词、代词或动名词

    40. 第16讲│ 短语储存 【注意事项】 now that(相当于since)是连词词组,用来引导原因状语从 句,口语中经常省略that,只用now,这时now已经失去 了“现在”的含义。 【活学活用】 (1) _____________________________________(既然你已经完 成了工作), you may go now. (2) He didn‘t attend the negotiation ___________________(因 为)he was ill. Now that/Since you have finished your work in that/because/as

    41. 第16讲│ 句型透视 By 1748, they had found an awesome historical site. 句型公式一 by+过去的时间点,意为“到……为止”,与过去完成时 连用。  【相关拓展】 (1) by+过去的时间点,意为“到……为止”,与过去完成时 连用。 (2) by+将来的时间点,意为“到……为止”,与将来完成时 连用。 句型透视 1

    42. 第16讲│ 句型透视 【活学活用】 (1) By the time he was eighteen years old, he ___________himself advanced mathematics. A.has taughtB.was taught C.had been taught D.had taught (2) By the end of last year, another new gymnasium _____________in Beijing. A.would be completed C.has been completed D.had been completed B.was being completed 【答案】 (1)D(2)D

    43. 第16讲│ 句型透视 (3) —How many songs you by the end of last term? —About 20. A.did; learn B.have; learned C.had; learned D.would; learn 【答案】 (3)C 【考题示例】 It's reported that by the end of this month the output of cement(水泥)in the factory by about 10%. A.will have risen B.has risen C.will be rising D.has been rising 【答案】 A

    44. 第16讲│ 句型透视 2 And so the day went on, until finally I climbed, tired and ashamed, into bed. 句型公式二 形容词作状语的句式  【句型转换】 形容词或形容词短语可在句中作状语,往往是补充或说明主语所处的状态。如: To our relief, the plane landed, safe. 使我们欣慰的是,飞机安全着陆了。 The old man died, happy and satisfied. 老人幸福、满足地过世了。

    45. 第16讲│ 句型透视 【活学活用】 (1) The lost children returned home,________________. 失踪的孩子回到了家,疲惫不堪。 (2) The old woman lay in bed,________________. 老妇人躺在床上,清醒得很。 【考题示例】 and happy, Tony stood up and accepted the prize. A.Surprising B.Surprised C.Being surprised D.To be surprising 【答案】 B exhausted quite awake

    46. 第16讲│ 句型透视 3 Her words puzzled me very much because I did not then understand anything unless I touched it. 句型公式三 unless引导的条件状语从句  【句型解读】 在unless所引导的条件状语从句中,通常不使用虚拟语气。它比if…not略为正式,意思是“若非,除非”。 在unless所引导的条件状语从句中,如果从句中的主语与主句的主语相同,且谓语部分含有be动词,则可以省略从句中的主语与be动词。

    47. 第16讲│ 句型透视 Unless 【活学活用】 (1) _______bad weather stops me, I jog every day. 除非坏天气作梗,每天我都慢跑。 (2) You can‘t get there before dark____________________.你 不可能在天黑之前到达,除非你现在就动身。 unless you start now

    48. 第16讲│ 跟踪训练 1.John is very about his coming exams. A.anxious B.nervous C.eager D.curious 【解析】 Aanxious 焦急的;nervous 紧张的;eager 渴 望的;curious 好奇的。根据句意应该是约翰非常担心考 试,故选A。 跟踪训练

    49. 第16讲│ 跟踪训练 2.Each of waves lasts only about a millionth of a second. A.break B.burst C.attack D.express 【解析】 B 考查名词辨析。句意为:每个电波脉冲群 仅持续约一百万分之一秒的时间。burst在这里强调的是 突然释放或突然迸发。

    50. 第16讲│ 跟踪训练 3.If you asked him why, he would have been to explain. A.at loss B.at a loss C.out of order D.out of sight 【解析】 Bat a loss意为“不知所措”,并非at loss;out of order意为“有毛病,出故障”;out of sight意为“看不见”。