Philosophy and the proof of God's existence. Is Religion Reasonable? Faith Seeking Understanding. Philosophy and the proof of God's existence. There are many traditional "proofs" for the existence of God, and we will look at three of them: The ontological argument The cosmological argument
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Is Religion Reasonable?Faith Seeking Understanding
St. Anselm (1033-1109)
P1: “God” means the greatest conceivable being
P2a: A being that exists in one’s mind and in reality (outside of one’s mind) is greater than one that exists only in one’s mind
P2b: A necessarily existing being is greater than a merely possible being
Resulted from Aquinas’ study of the cosmos
There must be an ultimate cause for the motion that exists in the universe. It is God.
There must be an uncaused cause that started the causal chain in the universe
Things in nature can exist or cease to exist.
Something can start to exist only through the actions of things that already exist. e.g. Making babies, planting seeds.
There must be something which derives its existence from itself and not from something else - GOD
The perfect values must exist in order for the “partial values” to resemble them.
We strive for perfection, the perfect ideal must exist in order for us to strive for-GOD
God is the supreme wise intelligence in whom all order in the universe originates.
The universe is perfect, ordered and purposeful, because God designed it to be so.
The argument from Design
(A posteriori vs. a priori argument)