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This is How We Do it: Poetry. A concise unit on the ways of the Poetry World for people who do not really care. Unit Objectives. Interpretation.

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this is how we do it poetry

This is How We Do it: Poetry

A concise unit on the ways of the Poetry World for people who do not really care

  • Most people have trouble interpreting a poem because they “don’t understand” the poem. Use these three questions to begin your interpretation and understanding.
  • 1. What feelings does the poem evoke? What sensations, associations, and memories does it give rise to?
  • 2. What ideas does the poem express, either directly or indirectly?
  • 3. What view of the world does the poet present? What do you think of the poet’s view? (p. 763)
discussing a poem
Discussing a Poem
  • A discussion of poetry occurs in three parts:
  • 1. Experience- what is your personal reaction?
  • 2. Interpretation- the intellectual process, use the three questions of interpretation
  • 3. Evaluation- using your beliefs into the significance of the poem.
types of poetry major classifications
Types of Poetry: Major Classifications
  • Geez, is this all?
  • Two classifications: Narrative and Lyric
  • Narrative- stress story and action- think Beowulf or the Odyssey
  • Lyric- stress emotion and song- think the ones you can’t stand
types of poetry narrative
Types of Poetry: Narrative
  • Narrative Subdivisions
  • 1. Epic- long narrative poem
  • 2. Ballad-
  • 3. Romance-
types of poetry lyric
Types of Poetry: Lyric
  • Lyric Subdivisions
  • 1. Epigram-
  • 2. Elegy- A poem mourning a death or another great loss.
  • 3. Ode- A serious lyric poem, dignified and sincere in tone and style.
  • 4. Aubade-
  • 5. Sonnet- A lyric poem of 14 lines, following strict patterns of stanza divisions.
  • 6. Sestina-
  • 7. Villanelle- 1 19 line poem divided into five tercets(aba) and a final quatrain (abaa).
the sonnet
The Sonnet
  • “If it’s a square, it’s a sonnet.”
  • Traditional sonnets consists of 14 lines.
  • Each is written in iambic pentameter:

iambic pentameter has five metric unit (feet) consisting of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.

the sonnet1
The Sonnet
  • Before you can truly understand the sonnet, you must understand rhyme scheme.
the sonnet the petrarchian
The Sonnet: The Petrarchian
  • Petrarchian (Italian)
  • Named after Francesco Petrarch.
  • The first 8 lines (octave) present a problem.
  • The last six (sestet) provide an answer.
  • Rhyme Scheme:
during the life of laura
“During the Life of Laura”
  • ye that hear in vagrant rhymes the sighing
  • On which the headlong heart of youth went feeding,
  • When, still unseasoned, still at folly's leading
  • I turned from fears in sudden tenor flying
  • To hopes whose glitter proved no less a lying—
  • As variously related for your reading—
  • If ever from Love's arrow ye fled bleeding,
  • Pity, and pardon me this anguished crying!
  • But well I know how, I must walk derided,
  • A jest, a syllable in tavern chatter;
  • By self-reproach my self-deceit goes chided,
  • And shame is all the fruit my follies scatter—
  • Shame and a sense of pleasures that have glided
  • Like ghosts in a dream too trivial to matter.
the sonnet shakespearean
The Sonnet: Shakespearean
  • The Shakespearean (English)
  • Three- four line stanzas (quatrains)
  • One- two line stanza (couplet)
  • Rhyme Scheme:
sonnet 130
Sonnet 130
  • My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;
  • Coral is far more red than her lips' red:
  • If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
  • If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
  • I have seen roses damask'd, red and white,
  • But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
  • And in some perfumes is there more delight
  • Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
  • I love to hear her speak,--yet well I know
  • That music hath a far more pleasing sound;
  • I grant I never saw a goddess go,
  • My mistress when she walks, treads on the ground;
  • And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
  • As any she belied with false compare.
the sonnet spenserian
The Sonnet: Spenserian
  • Had to upstage Shakespeare!
  • Three quatrains
  • One couplet
  • Rhyme Scheme:
sonnet 75
Sonnet 75
  • One day I wrote her name upon the strand,But came the waves and washed it away:Agayne I wrote it with a second hand,But came the tyde, and made my paynes his pray.
  • “Vayne man,” sayd she, “that doest in vaine assay.A mortall thing so to immortalize,For I my selve shall lyke to this decay,and eek my name bee wyped out lykewize.”
  • “Not so,” quod I, “let baser things devize,To dy in dust, but you shall live by fame:My verse your vertues rare shall eternize,And in the heavens wryte your glorious name.
  • Where whenas death shall all the world subdew,Our love shall live, and later life renew.”