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A few important concepts about punctuation. Most information from Rude, Carolyn. Technical Editing, 4 th ed. http://static.open.salon.com/files/punctuation_41238706841.gif. Key Terms. C lause Independent clause Dependent clause. Key Terms.

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a few important concepts about punctuation

A few important concepts about punctuation

Most information from Rude, Carolyn. Technical Editing, 4th ed.

http://static.open.salon.com/files/punctuation_41238706841.gif

key terms
Key Terms
  • Clause
  • Independent clause
  • Dependent clause
key terms1
Key Terms
  • Clause: a group of words containing the subject and the predicate
  • Independent clause
  • Dependent clause
key terms2
Key Terms
  • Clause: a group of words containing the subject and the predicate
  • Independent clause: includes subject and predicate and can stand alone

The teacher wanted to have class outside.

  • Dependent clause
key terms3
Key Terms
  • Clause: a group of words containing the subject and the predicate
  • Independent clause: includes subject and predicate and can stand alone
  • Dependent clause: contains subject and predicate, but cannot stand alone

Although the teacher wanted to have class outside, …

key terms4
Key Terms
  • Conjunction
  • Coordinating conjunction
  • Subordinating conjunction
key terms5
Key Terms
  • Conjunction: joins clauses.
  • Coordinating conjunction
  • Subordinating conjunction
key terms6
Key Terms
  • Conjunction: joins clauses.
  • Coordinating conjunction: joins clauses or sentence elements of equalgrammatical value

FANBOYS

  • Subordinating conjunction
key terms7
Key Terms
  • Conjunction: joins clauses.
  • Coordinating conjunction: joins independent clauses or sentence elements of equalgrammatical value
  • Subordinating conjunction: joins a dependent clause to an independent clause. Establishes that one is less important.

After, although, as, because, once, since, that, though, till, unless, when, whenever, etc.

key terms8
Key Terms
  • Relative pronouns:
  • Restrictive clause
  • Nonrestrictive clause
key terms9
Key Terms
  • Relative pronouns:relate to a noun already named in the sentence. They introduce dependent clauses.
  • Restrictive clause
  • Nonrestrictive clause
key terms10
Key Terms
  • Relative pronouns:relate to a noun already named in the sentence. They introduce dependent clauses.
  • Restrictive clause: essential to the definition

Rock music is different than classical music

  • Nonrestrictive clause
key terms11
Key Terms
  • Relative pronouns:relate to a noun already named in the sentence. They introduce dependent clauses.
  • Restrictive clause: essential to the definition
  • Nonrestrictive clause: meaningful, but not essential

Different music types, such as rock and classical, appeal to different people.

key terms12
Key Terms
  • Parallelism

http://superman1216.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/train-tracks_9510.jpg

key terms13
Key Terms
  • Parallelism: Items share grammatical structure

Bad

While preparing this PowerPoint I drank coffee, music was playing on my radio, and some hefty guy joggled by my office window while I watched.

key terms14
Key Terms
  • Parallelism: Items share grammatical structure

Good

While preparing this PowerPoint I drank coffee, played music on my radio, and watched some hefty guy joggle by my office window.

key terms sentence types
Key Terms: Sentence Types
  • Simple
  • Compound
  • Complex
  • Compound-Complex
key terms sentence types1
Key Terms: Sentence Types
  • Simple: one independent clause

Bobby ran.

  • Compound: two independent clauses

Bobby ran, and he tried not to fall down.

  • Complex: one independent clause and one dependent clause

Because he was being chased by a bear, Bobby ran quickly.

  • Compound-Complex: two independent clauses plus a dependent clause

The bear had been hibernating all winter and was hungry; therefore, when Bobby walked by with his bag of Fritos, the bear gave chase.

basic punctuation
Basic Punctuation

,

-

()

:

;

.

!

http://www.simiannation.com/images/cartoons/december_07_trashlands/punctuation.jpg