Youth leadership forum 2011 marking navigating earth sea sky
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Orient Yourself. Youth Leadership Forum 2011 Marking & Navigating “Earth, Sea & Sky”. History. ?. How did cavemen find their way home? North Star? Rising Sun (East) Setting Sun (West) Shadows? Breadcrumbs on Trail?. History . How did Christopher Columbus find his way? Around 1492

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Youth leadership forum 2011 marking navigating earth sea sky

Orient Yourself

Youth Leadership Forum 2011

Marking & Navigating

“Earth, Sea & Sky”


History
History

?

  • How did cavemen find their way home?

  • North Star?

  • Rising Sun (East)

  • Setting Sun (West)

  • Shadows?

  • Breadcrumbs on Trail?


History1
History

  • How did Christopher Columbus find his way?

    • Around 1492

    • Ocean and Wind Currents

    • Sextant viewing Horizon

    • Degrees, minutes, and seconds

Modern day sextant.


History2
History

  • 1980s - First GPS Satellites launched


Marking the earth
Marking the Earth

  • North & South Poles

  • Latitude lines

  • Longitude lines


Poles
Poles

North

South



Latitude
Latitude

  • Horizontal “Ladder” steps from Equator 0-90º North & 0-90º South


Longitude
Longitude

  • Vertical lines from the Prime Meridian

  • 0-180º East & 0-180º West


Balloon activity
Balloon Activity

Blow up your balloon (not too big)

Find a partner

Stand back to back

(Instructor places dot)

Describe to your partner where dot is on your balloon.

Partner asks questions and marks theirs.

What is difficult about communicating this?


Balloon activity1
Balloon Activity

  • Mark North Pole as “N-90º”

  • Mark South Pole as “S-90º”

  • Draw Equator line, Mark as “0º” Latitude

  • Mark Northern Hemisphere “NH”

  • Draw 2 Latitude lines marking ‘N30º’ & ‘N60º’

  • Draw a large “X” on the North Pole (Perpendicular Lines!)

  • Divide Equator circle into 4 equal parts.

  • (4 Longitudinal lines: ‘0º’, ‘E90º’, ‘W90º’, ‘180º’, )

  • “0º” is the Prime Meridian or Greenwich Meridian

  • “180º is International Dateline


Balloon activity2
Balloon Activity

90ºN

60ºN

30ºN

90ºE

90ºW

90ºS


Flat map with lat long
Flat Map with Lat./ Long.

60ºN

30ºN

30ºS

60ºS

179ºW

90ºW

90ºE

Prime Meridian

179ºE


Army pacific coordinates
Army Pacific Coordinates

Korea: LatitudeLongitude

-Red Cloud 37° 33’N 127° 00’E

-Humphreys 36° 58’N 127° 02’E

-Yongsan 37° 31’N 126° 58’E

-Daegu 35° 49’N 128° 35’E

Pacific:

-Richardson 61° 15’N 149° 41’W

-Wainwright 64° 82’N 147° 68’W

-Greely 64° 54’N 157° 51’W

-Zama 35° 30’N 139° 23’E

-Torii Station 26° 08 N 127° 30’ E

-Kwajalein 08° 43’N 167° 43’E

Hawaii:

-Hilo- 19° 43’N 155° 5’W

-Honolulu 21° 20’N 157° 55’W

-Kaneohe Bay MCAS 21° 27’N 157° 46’W

-Wahiawa 21° 3’N 158° 2’W