100 YEARS’ WAR YAHYA ‘KING’ KAMARA MAJD D NAHAS
100 YEARS’ WAR (1) M • It changed history • Fought between England and France (1337-1453) • Introduced new weapons and tactics that marked end of medieval warfare, chivalry, and the medieval knight. • Marked beginning of French Nationalism with the rise and fall of Joan of Arc, a French icon. • Split into 3 main phases: the Edwardian War (1340-1360), the Caroline War (1369-1389), and the Lancastrian War (1415-1435)
100 YEARS’ WAR CONT.(1) M • Saw the introduction of the English Longbow into warfare. It was easier to train an archer than a knight. Availability of archers brought about the development of a paid standing army. The English first tried their longbows during the Battle of Crecy (1347), which was a disaster for the French. • Had unexpected effect of bringing madness into the English Royal family. Henry VI’s inability to rule brought about the loss of the Hundred Years’ War as well as the onset of the English War of the Roses. • Joan of Arc played crucial role in the French’s Victory. Captured by the British and her death by the stake galvanized the French, who expelled the British from the continent by 1453. • The Hundred Years War was paused due to the Black Death that struck Europe in 1348, stopping the war for 8 years. One third of Europe’s population lost.
Joan of Arc(From Peasant to Hero) (2)Y • Joan of Arc lived from 1412-1431 • Was born in a small village called Domremy • As a kid , she was told about the condition of France. • One night, had a vision from god/angels to ‘ save France ‘ from its horrible condition. • ( Must go to a different village to go help King Charles the seventh ) • Everyone in her village tried to persuade her not to , but it was all in vain.
Joan of Arc(From Peasant to Hero) (2)Y • Very gradually all the people in the villages stopped doubting her mission ‘ from god ‘ • People even started helping her ( wealthy people ) • King Charles the seventh welcomed her warmly • The same time she arrived to King Charles, the French army was leaving to Orleans.
Joan of Arc(From Peasant to Hero) (2)Y • After meeting King Charles and telling him her vision, she led the French army to Orleans to confront the English army. • Joan of Arc led the army to victory. • Immediately after they had won the war, King Charles the seventh was crowned. • Shortly after that Joan of Arc was captured • ( Tell how she got caught/what happened)
The Edwardian War(3)Y • In 1337 , Phillip VI revoked some of Edward 3rds land and began raiding the English coast . • In response , Edward reasserted his claims to the French throne and began allying with French enemies. • In 1340 , he won a decisive battle at Sluys(channel)* • Now that his confidence was high after winning the battle of Sluys, Edward advanced his army and continued capturing French land like Caen. • Advancing North, he crushed the French in the battle of Crecy and captured more French land.
The Edwardian War cont.(3)Y • After the Black Death passed , England continued the attacks on the French and defeated the French at the battle of Foitiers. • The Edwardian War ended with the treaty of Bretigny. • (5)
The Caroline War(3)Y • Five years later when Charles V was crowned , he worked hard to renew the French army and renewed the conflict . • * French Fortune * ( Edward and his son ) • Taking full advantage of England , Charles immediately took back large chunks of land while at the same time avoiding battles with the English.
THE CAROLINE WAR CONT.(3)Y • In 1377 , Edward opened peace negotiations but died before they would conclude • After his death, he was followed by Charles the mad. • When Charles V died, he was followed by King Richard II. • France and England agreed to peace with the Treaty of Leulinghem
The Lancastrian War(3)M • The years after the peace saw turmoil in both countries as Richard II was deposed by Henry IV in 1399 and Charles VI was plagued by mental illness. • The war was renewed by Henry V in 1415 when an English army landed and captured Harfleur(French Land). • Henry continued to invade France and had a crushing victory at the battle of Agincourt. • Over the next few years Henry captured much of Northern France
The Lancastrian War cont.(3)M • Meeting with Charles in 1420, Henry agreed to the Treaty of Troyes by which he agreed to marry the French king's daughter and have his heirs inherit the French throne. • (4)
How the 100 Years War ended(1)M • After the death of Joan of Arc, the French were extremely devastated. • In fact, after the death of Joan of Arc, the French were fed up with the English and expelled them off the continent ( except for Calais ), which was the very last piece of land that the English had.
Bibliography • 1 - "Hundred Years' War - Information, Facts, and Links." Enotes.com. Enotes.com, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.enotes.com/topics/hundred-years-war>. • 2 - "Joan of Arc." Joan of Arc. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/joan-of-arc.htm>. • 3 - "The Hundred Years' War: An Overview." About.com Military History. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/battleswars12011400/tp/The-Hundred-Years-War-An-Overview.htm>. • 4 - "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?start=79>.
Bibliography • 5 - "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en>. • 6 - "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?num=10>. • Picture on Intro Page - "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?num=10>.
Questions • How long was the Hundred Years’ War ? • Who participated in the Hundred Years’ War ? • Where did all the battles of the Hundred Years’ War take place ? • What were the 3 main phases/wars that made up the Hundred Years’ War ? • What was the newest weapon the English used in the Hundred Years War ? • Who played a crucial part in the French victory ? • Why was the Hundred Years’ War temporarily paused ? • What did Joan of Arc see before her quest begun ? And who was present in the dream? • How large was the French army when Joan of Arc ked them to Orleans ? • Who captured Joan of Arc ? How was she punished ? • Why was the battle of Sluys important for the French ?
Questions • Who was winning the majority of the Hundred Years’ War ? • How did the Edwardian War end ? • How was the Caroline war started ? • What was the ‘ French Fortune ‘ ? • How did the Caroline War end ? • How did the Lancastrian War start ? • How did the Lancastrian War end ? What happened ? • How did the 100 Years’ War end ?