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Today ’ s Lesson. To note down some of the poetic techniques used in the poems. To copy them up for homework. To give your own examples of the techniques used.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Today’s Lesson...

  • To note down some of the poetic techniques used in the poems.
  • To copy them up for homework.
  • To give your own examples of the techniques used.
slide2

The last word of a line is given a letter. Each word which rhymes with it is given the same letter. If the word at the end of a line doesn’t rhyme with any others, it is given a new letter.

Rhyme Scheme -

a

b

a

b

The ghost wandered through the hall,

Rattling its chains all the while.

It came to a door and then a wall,

Floating through them all in style.

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A comparison, when one thing is said to be another, not using “as” or “like” to describe it.

Metaphor -

“That man is bigger than a house!”

“She is a real pain in the neck!”

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A comparison, using “as” or “like”

Simile -

“As plump as a cushion”

“He’s as skinny as a rake”

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When the first letter of two or more words, usually beside each other is repeated.

Alliteration -

“Mental Mikey made me go mad”.

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When a word is written like it sounds.

Onomatopoeia -

CRASH!

BANG!

WALLOP!

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Giving human characteristics or behaviours to an inanimate object

Personification -

“The sun winked one last time as she set for the day”.

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The number of syllables in each line. Each line should have roughly the same amount as the next.

Rhythm -

The wind buffets the boulders.

The shower stalks the sea.

The grass waves back and forward.

All this is nothing to me.

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Deliberate repetition of consonant sounds in two or more words in short succession.

Assonance -

There’s a moose, loose, aboot this hoose!

The mouse’s house.

“ooo” sound

“ow” sound

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Deliberate repetition of consonant sounds in two or more words in short succession.

Consonance-

Pitter patter

Glamour hammer

“tt” sound

“m” sound

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Deliberate repetition of s or sh sounds in two or more words in short succession. These sounds can be at the beginning, inside, or end of words.

Sibilance-

An example is the verse from Edgar Allan Poe's The Raven: "And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain.”

Notice how the ‘c’ in uncertain is sibilance. It is the s or sh sound remember that is sibilance.

This is why ‘curtain’ wouldn’t be an example of sibilance as it is a ‘k’ sound.

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There are also two main types of syllable: stressed and unstressed.

A stressed syllable is the part of the word with two or more syllables in it that is said the loudest.

Rhythm -

/ = stressed syllable

x = unstressed syllable

/ x / x x / x

Peter Forecast Nevermind

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The way that the poem is written. It will usually be in little paragraphs, which we call STANZAS. Look out for where full stops and commas are – they direct you how to read the poem.

Rhythm and syllables (called meter)

Structure -

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The difference between two or more ideas. This could be the difference (and similarities) between two poems or even two ideas within a poem.

Contrast -