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Unit 8B: Motivation and Emotion: Emotions, Stress and Health. Unit Overview. Theories of Emotion Embodied Emotion Expressed Emotion Experienced Emotion Stress and Health. Click on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation. Theories of Emotion.

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Unit 8B: Motivation and Emotion: Emotions, Stress and Health


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    1. Unit 8B:Motivation and Emotion: Emotions, Stress and Health

    2. Unit Overview • Theories of Emotion • Embodied Emotion • Expressed Emotion • Experienced Emotion • Stress and Health Click on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation.

    3. Theories of Emotion

    4. Theories of emotions • Emotion • Physiological arousal • Expressive behavior • Conscious experience • Common sense theory

    5. Theories of emotions • James-Lange theory

    6. Theories of emotions • Cannon-Bard theory

    7. Theories of emotions • Two-factor theory • Schachter-Singer

    8. Theories of emotions

    9. Embodied Emotion

    10. Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System • Autonomic nervous system • Sympathetic nervous system • arousing • Parasympathetic nervous system • Calming • Moderate arousal is ideal

    11. Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System

    12. Physiological Similarities Among Specific Emotions • Different movie experiment

    13. Physiological Differences Among Specific Emotions • Differences in brain activity • Amygdala • Frontal lobes • Nucleus accumbens • Polygraph

    14. Cognition and EmotionCognition Can Define Emotion • Spill over effect • Schachter-Singer experiment • Arousal fuels emotions, cognition channels it

    15. Cognition and EmotionCognition Does Not Always Precede Emotion • Influence of the amygdala

    16. Expressed Emotion

    17. Detecting Emotion • Nonverbal cues • Duchenne smile

    18. Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior

    19. Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior

    20. Culture and Emotional Expression

    21. Levels of Analysis for the Study of Emotion

    22. The Effects of Facial Expressions • Facial feedback

    23. Experienced Emotion

    24. Fear • Adaptive value of fear • The biology of fear • amygdala

    25. Anger • Anger • Evoked by events • Catharsis • Expressing anger can increase anger

    26. Happiness • Happiness • Feel-good, do-good phenomenon • Well-being

    27. HappinessThe Short Life of Emotional Ups and Downs • Watson’s studies

    28. HappinessWealth and Well-Being

    29. HappinessWealth and Well-Being

    30. HappinessTwo Psychological Phenomena: Adaptation and Comparison • Happiness and Prior Experience • Adaptation-level phenomenon • Happiness and others’ attainments • Relative deprivation

    31. HappinessPredictors of Happiness

    32. Stress and Health

    33. Introduction • Health psychology • Behavioral medicine

    34. Stress and Illness • Stress • Stress appraisal

    35. Stress and IllnessThe Stress Response System • Selye’s general adaptation syndrome (GAS) • Alarm • Resistance • exhaustion

    36. Stress and IllnessGeneral Adaptation Syndrome

    37. Stress and IllnessStressful Life Events • Catastrophes • Significant life changes • Daily hassles

    38. Stress and the Heart • Coronary heart disease • Type A versus Type B • Type A • Type B

    39. Stress and Susceptibility to Disease • Psychophysiological illnesses • Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) • Lymphocytes • B lymphocytes • T lymphocytes • Stress and AIDS • Stress and Cancer

    40. The End

    41. Definition Slides

    42. Emotion = a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors, and (3) conscious experience.

    43. James-Lange Theory = the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli.

    44. Cannon-Bard Theory = the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers (1) physiological responses and (2) the subjective experience of emotion.

    45. Two-factor Theory = the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one must (1) be physically aroused and (2) cognitively label the arousal.

    46. Polygraph = a machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measure several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion (such as perspiration and cardiovascular and breathing changes).

    47. Facial Feedback = the effect of facial expressions on experienced emotions, as when a facial expression of anger or happiness intensifies feelings of anger or happiness.

    48. Catharsis = emotional release. The catharsis hypothesis maintains that “releasing’ aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.

    49. Feel-Good Do-Good Phenomenon = people’s tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.

    50. Well-being = self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective well-being (for example, physical and economic indicators) to evaluate people’s quality of life.