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Atelier sur Les défis posés à l’agriculture familiale des pays ACP Bruxelles, 2-5 mai 2006. PO Participation in Agricultural Policy Formulation ------------------------- World Bank Operational Perspective -------------------------- Olivier Durand

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atelier sur les d fis pos s l agriculture familiale des pays acp bruxelles 2 5 mai 2006

Atelier sur Les défis posés à l’agriculture familiale des pays ACPBruxelles, 2-5 mai 2006

PO Participation in

Agricultural Policy Formulation

-------------------------

World Bank Operational Perspective

--------------------------

Olivier Durand

Africa Region – Agricultural and Rural Development

West Africa (ESSD – AFTS4)

slide2

Atelier sur Les défis posés à l’agriculture familiale des pays ACPCTA / ROPPA - Bruxelles, 2-5 mai 2006-------------------------------PO Participation in Agricultural Policy Formulation

World Bank Rural Development Strategy:

Producer organizations better taken into account in WB strategy and operations

“Voice of the poor” / “empowerment” / “social capital”

Recognized as representatives / voice of rural people and farmers

Not enough as economic stakeholders / operators or service providers for farmers

Operations:

Programs with components specific to POs (PASAOP) or a minima capacity building activities for producer organizations

Matching grants for capacity building activities and small scale investments

Differences within Africa between West / Central and East / Southern

Policy-oriented POs vs. commercially-oriented POs

Socio-political strength vs. contribution to supply chain development

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Atelier sur Les défis posés à l’agriculture familiale des pays ACPCTA / ROPPA - Bruxelles, 2-5 mai 2006------------------------------- PO Participation in Agricultural Policy Formulation

- Promising evolutions:

increased PO representation at the national and international levels

increased interest of Governments and public services towards POs for collaboration and policy dialogue

better integration in donor strategies and operations

But :

Effective participation to policy formulation still insufficient and sometimes symbolic

Producers and their organizations still seen as « beneficiaries »

Not enough seen as real actors, able to contribute to policy dialogue

POs mainly “consulted” (just a chair as observer, alibi, etc.)

Not enough support for PO preparation prior to consultation processes

Not enough independence to help POs forge their own opinion, vision and strategies

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Atelier sur Les défis posés à l’agriculture familiale des pays ACPCTA / ROPPA - Bruxelles, 2-5 mai 2006------------------------------- PO Participation in Agricultural Policy Formulation

Still progress to be made:

Move beyond principles and efforts

Stop the vicious circle “POs not ready”, “not credible and legitimate” but not enough financial resources provided to POs

From Donors:

Avoid fake participation

Provide technical and financial autonomous resources

Support strengthening of strategic capacities

Give responsibility and autonomy to POs

From POs:

Strengthen credibility and legitimacy (grassroots level, inclusion)

Develop visions, strategies, own analyses and argumentations (“proposing force”)

Strengthen coordination among POs, adopt common visions and strategies to present to partners, progress beyond internal debates

Program approach vs. donor specific project (Décloisonner les bailleurs)

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Atelier sur Les défis posés à l’agriculture familiale des pays ACPCTA / ROPPA - Bruxelles, 2-5 mai 2006------------------------------- PO Participation in Agricultural Policy Formulation

Operational proposals for effective PO participation:

PO institutional strengthening:

human and financial resources

financial responsibility

information, networking and consultation (grassroots level and cross-sector)

Analytical tools for POs:

strategic capacity strengthening (autonomous thinking)

advisory services development (PO and family farm management)

analytical works and strategy formulation

Cross-fertilization / exchanges:

PO participation to policy formulation / PO insertion in commercial supply chains

PO-led pilots on technical aspects and financing issues for family farms

Multi-donor programs:

based on PO program, not any more donor-specific activities

based on complementarities (specificities, scaling up…)