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Variation in animals. Birds. Birds have a beak, wings, two legs and feathers on their body. This is a Kingfisher. Kingfishers live all over the world. This Kingfisher lives in Kenya in Africa.  It is a Malachite Kingfisher. This Kingfisher lives near water.  It eats fish and insects.

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Variation in animals

This is a Kingfisher. Kingfishers live all over the world. This Kingfisher lives in Kenya in Africa.  It is a Malachite Kingfisher.

This Kingfisher lives near water.  It eats fish and insects.

Some Kingfishers live in forests.  They eat small animals.


Variation in animals

This is a Puffin.  It lives in Canada, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Britain and North France.

Puffins lay their eggs on grass near sea or on cliffs. They only lay one egg.  Both the male and female puffin look after the egg.

Puffins eat fish and sand eels. 


Variation in animals

This is an Oystercatcher.  It lives by the sea.  It will go inland to rivers or lakes to lay its eggs.

Oystercatchers live all over the world.  This includes Britain and America.

They eat oysters, mussels and limpets (shellfish).  It's long beak helps it catch and open the shellfish.


Variation in animals

This is a Black Guillemot. It lives in North America and Northern Europe.  

Guillemots live by the sea.  They like rocky coasts.

They dive into the water to catch fish.

They lay 2 eggs on rocks or pebbles.


Variation in animals

This is a Tufted Duck. Northern Europe.  

Tufted Ducks lay their eggs in Northern Europe and Asia.  They go to Southern Europe and Asia in winter.  Lots of birds fly to a different country for the winter.  This is called migration.

The Tufted Duck likes freshwater lakes.  It will also live near the sea.

The Tufted Duck eats molluscs, seeds and water plants.


Variation in animals

This is an African Fish Eagle.  Lots of African Fish Eagles live near Lake Victoria in Africa.  They sit in trees and watch the river or lake.

The African Fish Eagle is a bird of prey.  Birds of prey chase, catch and eat animals.

The African Fish Eagle eats fish from rivers and lakes.  Two fish they like are called Catfish and Lungfish.  Sometimes they eat birds like ibis, storks, herons, spoonbills and the Lesser Flamingo. 

They build a big nest.  They use the same nest each year.  They lay 1 to 3 white eggs.


Variation in animals

This is a Vermilion Flycatcher.  It lives in trees by rivers or ponds.

It eats insects like bees.

It lays three eggs.  The female looks after the eggs.  The male gets food for the female.


Variation in animals

This is a Penguin.  Lots of penguins live in the Antarctic.  Penguins also live in Australia, South Africa and South America.

Penguins cannot fly but their wings help them swim.

Most penguins build a nest on grass or stones. 

Some penguins live in a burrow.  The Emperor Penguin puts the egg on its feet!

Penguins eat fish and shrimps. 


Variation in animals

Fish Antarctic.  Penguins also live in Australia, South Africa and South America.


Variation in animals

Fish live in water. Antarctic.  Penguins also live in Australia, South Africa and South America.

They have fins not legs. Their body is covered with scales.  They have gills to help them breathe in the water.

They lay the eggs in water.  


Variation in animals

Fangtooths’ Antarctic.  Penguins also live in Australia, South Africa and South America. live in the deep-sea, in tropical and cold-temperate waters of the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean and the English isles.

While understandably named for their disproportionately large, fang-like teeth and unapproachable visage, Fangtooths are actually quite small and harmless to humans: the larger of the two species, the common Fangtooth, reaches a maximum length of just 16 centimetres (6 inches); the Shorthorn Fangooth is about half this size.


Variation in animals

This is a crocodile needlefish. Antarctic.  Penguins also live in Australia, South Africa and South America.

The Crocodile needlefish lives in tropical water where the water temperature stays between 26 and 29 degrees Celsius.

The Crocodile needlefish is found in many different parts of the world including the Red Sea to South Africa.


Variation in animals

An emperor angle fish. Antarctic.  Penguins also live in Australia, South Africa and South America.

Juveniles are dark blue with electric blue and white rings; adults have yellow and blue stripes, with black around the eyes. It takes about four years for an emperor angelfish to acquire its adult colouring. They grow to 40 cm in length.

Juvenile to adult transition may not fully occur in an aquarium.


Variation in animals

Insects Antarctic.  Penguins also live in Australia, South Africa and South America.


Variation in animals

Insects have six legs. Antarctic.  Penguins also live in Australia, South Africa and South America.

Their body has 3 parts.  Some insects have wings.

Insects lay eggs.

Can you see the insect here?


Variation in animals

This is a dragonfly.  They live all over the world.  They live near ponds and rivers.  

Dragonflies can fly very fast.  They catch and eat insects.

Dragonflies lay eggs in water or on plant stems.  The young are called nymphs.  They live in the water.  They eat small water animals like tadpoles and worms.  When they have grown they come out of the water.  Their skins dry and the dragonfly comes out.

There are about 4,800 different dragonflies in the world.  There are 39 different dragonflies in Britain. 

Birds, fish and other insects will eat dragonflies.


Variation in animals

This is a grasshopper.  It uses its back legs to jump.  They can also fly.

Grasshoppers live all over the world.  Lots of grasshoppers live in in grassland and in forests.  Some grasshoppers live in caves, dessert and bogs.

Grasshoppers eat plants.

Some birds, rodents, reptiles and spiders eat grasshoppers.

Grasshoppers 'sing' to attract females.  They rub two wings together or rub their leg on a wing.  Each grasshopper has a different song.  They only sing when the sun shines!


Variation in animals

This butterfly is a Baltimore Checkerspot.  It lives in wet grasslands and ditches.  It lives in America.

It eats a plant called the Turtlehead.  It lays 100 - 700 eggs under the leaves.  In summer the eggs hatch.  The caterpillars are orange and black.  They eat the leaves.

Wasps eat the caterpillars.


Variation in animals

The Praying Mantis eats other insects.  It puts its front legs together and waits.  It looks like it is praying.  It has sharp front legs.  This helps it catch its prey.  It can turn its head from side to side.  Other insects cannot do this.

Mantids live in hot countries like Africa or America. They live on plants.

The Praying Mantis can lay 1000 eggs.  When it has laid its eggs some females eat the male!  After a few weeks the female then dies!  

The young are called Nymphs.  They have no wings.

Bats eat the Praying Mantis.


Variation in animals

Mammals legs together and waits.  It looks like it is praying.  It has sharp front legs.  This helps it catch its prey.  It can turn its head from side to side.  Other insects cannot do this.


Variation in animals

Mammals have fur or hair and a spine. legs together and waits.  It looks like it is praying.  It has sharp front legs.  This helps it catch its prey.  It can turn its head from side to side.  Other insects cannot do this.

The babies are born alive.

The mother feeds the baby milk.


Variation in animals

Lions live in Africa.  Some lions live in India.  They live in grasslands, woodlands, deserts and near mountains.

Lions live in groups.  These are called a pride.  There can be 5 to 20 lions in a pride.  

Lions eat meat.  They kill big and small animals.  They will eat zebras and even elephants! They like to look for food in groups.  They hunt early in the morning.

A baby lion is called a cub.  A lion will have 3 to 5 cubs.

Lions can live for 15 to 30 years.


Variation in animals

Gorillas live in Africa.  They live in forests. live in grasslands, woodlands, deserts and near mountains.

Gorillas eat fruit.

Gorillas are apes.  Apes are like monkeys but they have long arms and no tail.


Variation in animals

Elephants live in Africa and Asia.  African elephants live in grasslands and forests.  Sometimes they live near deserts or mountains.  Indian elephants live in jungles.  

Elephants eat fruit and leaves.  

Elephants live in groups.  Elephants have 1 baby.  Sometimes they have twins.

Big cats like lions will eat elephants.


Variation in animals

Giraffes live in East Africa.  They live in grasslands.  They like to be near lots of plants.

Giraffes eat plants.  They are tall and can eat leaves from trees.  They can be 6 metres tall.

Giraffes live in small groups.  Giraffes have 1 baby.  They have to watch for lions.  Lions like to eat giraffes.

Giraffes can live for 25 to 30 years.


Variation in animals

Zebras live in Africa.  They live in grasslands. They like to be near lots of plants.

Zebras eat plants.

Zebras live in groups called herds.  Zebras have 1 baby.  They have to watch for lions, cheetahs and leopards.  They will eat zebras.

Giraffes can live for 20 to 40 years.


Variation in animals

Amphibians They like to be near lots of plants.



Variation in animals

A red spotted newt. eggs in water

Eastern newts dwell in wet forests with small lakes or ponds. They may coexist in an aquatic environment with fish, because their skin secretes a poisonous substance when the newt is threatened or injured. They have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years in the wild, and may grow to 5 inches in length.


Variation in animals

Many scientists believe the red-eyed tree frog developed its vivid scarlet peepers to shock predators into at least briefly questioning their meal choice.These iconic rain-forest amphibians sleep by day stuck to leaf-bottoms with their eyes closed and body markings covered. When disturbed, they flash their bulging red eyes and reveal their huge, webbed orange feet and bright blue-and-yellow flanks. This technique, called startle coloration, may give a bird or snake pause, offering a precious instant for the frog to spring to safety


Variation in animals

A blue spotted salamander. These salamanders are between 8 and 14 cm in length, of which the tail comprises 40%. Their skin is bluish-black, with characteristic blue and white flecks on its back, and bluish-white spots on the sides of its body and tail. They have long toes: four on the front feet, and five on the hind feet. Typically, specimens will have 12-14 costal grooves. Males tend to be smaller than females, though they have longer, flattened tails.


Variation in animals

Reptiles and 14 cm in length, of which the tail comprises 40%. Their skin is bluish-black, with characteristic blue and white flecks on its back, and bluish-white spots on the sides of its body and tail. They have long toes: four on the front feet, and five on the hind feet. Typically, specimens will have 12-14 costal grooves. Males tend to be smaller than females, though they have longer, flattened tails.


Variation in animals

Reptiles live in water and on land. and 14 cm in length, of which the tail comprises 40%. Their skin is bluish-black, with characteristic blue and white flecks on its back, and bluish-white spots on the sides of its body and tail. They have long toes: four on the front feet, and five on the hind feet. Typically, specimens will have 12-14 costal grooves. Males tend to be smaller than females, though they have longer, flattened tails.

Reptiles have scales.

They have cold blood. They lay their eggs on land. 


Variation in animals

Crocodiles live in hot or tropical countries.  They like to lie in the sun.  There are crocodiles in North and South America, Africa, Asia and Australia.

Some crocodiles live in rivers and lakes.  Other crocodiles live in the sea.  

Crocodiles eat animals, fish and insects.  Sometimes they eat birds.

Some crocodiles are 6 or 7 metres long.


Variation in animals

This is a Green Turtle.  It lives in tropical seas.  lie in the sun.  There are crocodiles in North and South America, Africa, Asia and Australia.

The Green Turtle lays its eggs in the sand.  They lay 100 to 200 eggs. 

Sea turtles eat plants.  Turtles have many predators.  Gulls, crabs, snakes, rats and vultures eat baby turtles on the sand.  Sharks, needlefish and dolphins eat turtles in the sea.

Other turtles live in freshwater.


Variation in animals

The Giant Tortoise lives in hot countries.  In countries with a cold winter they sleep (hibernate) from October to March. 

They live in grasslands and forests.

They eat plants.

The Giant Tortoise can be 1 metre long.  They can live for 150 years!


Variation in animals

This is a Galapagos Land Iguana.  The Galapagos Islands are near South America.

It eats plants.  It will even eat cactus plants.  It pulls the big thorns out with its feet!  Young iguanas eat insects.

Iguanas dig a hole to lay their eggs.  They lay about 25 eggs.