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The Case for EV Battery Pack Leasing. Primary and Secondary Market Opportunities Barretto Bay Strategies January 30, 2013. The Challenge of Commercial EVs. Ongoing barriers to commercial electric vehicle investments include: MSRP up to 1.5 – 2.5 x conventional vehicle MSRP

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the case for ev battery pack leasing

The Case for EV Battery Pack Leasing

Primary and Secondary Market Opportunities

Barretto Bay Strategies

January 30, 2013

the challenge of commercial evs
The Challenge of Commercial EVs
  • Ongoing barriers to commercial electric vehicle investments include:
    • MSRP up to 1.5 – 2.5x conventional vehicle MSRP
      • Typical medium duty conventional fuel truck ~$65,000versus
        • Medium-duty EV with battery back ~$110 – 150k
        • Battery pack alone can cost upwards of $55k
    • Rapid technological change and fleet operator concerns about dynamism of battery market
the opportunity
The Opportunity
  • LeaseCo will disaggregatethe battery pack from the vehicle and lease thepack separately to fleet
    • Fleet owner owns or leases the truck anddrivetrain; Leaseco holds title to pack
        • Battery leasing reduces the MSRP of a medium duty EV by 30 – 50%
        • Brings cost of vehicle in line with traditional vehicles
        • Monthly lease payment plus electricity costs in line with monthly fuel costs for comparable ICE vehicle
the opportunity cont d
The Opportunity cont’d
  • A fixed monthly lease payment, when combined with electricity costs, is lower and less volatile than fuel costs for a comparable vehicle
    • Current fuel costs for a typical medium duty ICE truck in major urban markets are approximately $1,000/ month* and are likely to increase (see next slide)

* Based on 70 miles/day and $4 per gallon for fuel

frequency regulation maturing secondary market
Frequency Regulation: Maturing Secondary Market
  • Lithium ion packs can provide nearly instantaneous frequency regulation; generators can take up to five minutes to respond to signal from a system operator and then provide same service to the grid.
  • Over $ 10 billion is paid each year to generators for frequency regulation services
  • The demand for frequency regulation is increasing as more renewable sources are integrated into the grid.
  • ISOs have raised the minimum system requirements for frequency regulation to as much as 1% of peak load (e.g. PJM ISO)
the context
The Context
  • MSRP still “Most Significant Reason to Punt” for even the most green-inclined fleets
  • Separating the battery from the truck lowers the MSRP of a medium-duty EV to a price point that is 5% - 30% higher than that of an internal combustion engine vehicle
    • Disaggregated price-point represents a much smaller "green premium” for a fleet operator & helps allay concerns about rapid change in battery technology
  • Secondary market partners report 500 mW pipeline for LI ion packs and high comfort level deploying depreciated traction batteries for frequency regulation & other ancillary services.
the leaseco model
The LeaseCo Model
  • LeaseCo provides an EV battery pack to one fleet customer for a 3-4 year period and then to a secondary market user for a second 7-8 year period
  • Projected monthly lease payments are $150 lower than typical monthly fueling costs for same ICE vehicle
  • When coupled with greatly reduced maintenance costs, battery lease model results in significant savings for fleet operator
  • LeaseCo will leverage pre-existing dealer networks for service, battery swap-outs, and temporary warehousing
    • LeaseCo will also operate warehouse space and facilitate battery transfers between primary and secondary markets.
  • Five year battery pack warranty will be honored by manufacturer in secondary market deployment
the leaseco model cont
The LeaseCo Model cont.

Years 1 - 3

Years 4 - 10

Year 10

contours of joint venture
Contours of Joint Venture
  • LeaseCo structured as joint venture between grid services company and equipment leasing entity
  • LeaseCo will enter into supplier agreements with makers of commercial EVs
  • Grid services company will act as the secondary lessee and take possession of depreciated battery packs at the end of primary user’s lease term (3 or 4 years)
  • Proposed NYS pilot will target 250 battery pack leases in Year 1
leaseco financial fundamentals
LeaseCo Financial Fundamentals
  • The projections for a LeaseCo business are highly profitable
    • Beginning with 250 batteries year 1 and growing at reasonable annual rates (10%–25% per year)
  • Initial start-up capital of $1.25 mm required
    • Covers LeaseCo operations in year 1
  • Bank loan to finance batteries upfront required
  • Return on investment (ROI) ranges from 9% - 30% annually
    • Includes initial capital repayment after 3 – 5 years
for additional information contact
For additional information, contact:

Paul Lipson

President

Barretto Bay Strategies LLC

Paul@barrettobay.com

(646) 703-2613

Luis Torres, Esq.

Lead Consultant

luis@barrettobay.com

(845) 300-5075