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Life in the Spirit: Saint Paul. (From 12a). What is the central issue of the so-called “Council of Jerusalem”? What are three basic positions taken on the issue? Whose position seems to be accepted, and what is that position? Who is Saint Paul?

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life in the spirit saint paul
Life in the Spirit: Saint Paul

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

from 12a
(From 12a)
  • What is the central issue of the so-called “Council of Jerusalem”? What are three basic positions taken on the issue? Whose position seems to be accepted, and what is that position?
  • Who is Saint Paul?
  • What two titles does Paul give himself in Romans 1? What titles/designations does Paul apply to Jesus in Rm. 1?
  • How does Paul’s conversion experience shape his faith (see passage from Acts 9:1-9)?

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

prayer of the week the angelus
Prayer of the week: The Angelus

V: The Angel of the Lord declared unto Mary.

R: And she conceived of the Holy Spirit.Hail Mary,…

V: Behold, the handmaid of the Lord.

R: Be it done unto me according to thy word. Hail Mary ...

V: And the Word was made flesh.

R: And dwelt among us. Hail Mary…

V: Pray for us, O holy Mother of God,

R: That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

slide4

According to chapter 1, has Paul been to Rome before? How then is this letter different from his other letters? Why does he want to visit?

  • Is God responsible for sinfulness, even of those who do not have the Law of Moses (according to Romans 1)?
  • In chapter 1 of Romans, what is Paul’s position on why sinfulness and evil exists?
  • Who is Paul blaming for sinfulness in Chapter 2? How does this transform the issue of sin?
  • Does circumcision make for "a real Jew" according to Paul? How does one really become on of God’s own people?

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

paul at his writing desk rembrandt
Paul at His Writing Desk,Rembrandt

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

slide6
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

St. Paul Preaching in Athens, Raphael

romans 1
Romans 1

According to chapter 1, has Paul been to Rome before? How then is this letter different from his other letters? Why does he want to visit?

  • Paul has not yet visited; longs to meet them
  • This is unlike other letters which were to encourage and correct communities he himself founded as principle "apostle to the Gentiles"
  • He wants to "strengthen" and mutually encourage" the Romans in their faith

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

romans 11
Romans 1

Is God responsible for sinfulness, even of those who do not have the Law of Moses (according to Romans 1)?

  • No – all are responsible for themselves before God.
  • For all people: “…they are without excuse" (1:20):
  • “men who by wickedness suppress the truth” – the truth should be manifestly visible
  • The Creator and His will is clear in creation, His law is on our hearts
  • The wicked exchange true God for idols, for self
  • Who “they” are is not specified, but it seems to apply to many people.

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

romans 12
Romans 1

In chapter 1 of Romans, what is Paul’s position on why sinfulness and evil exists? What is God’s role in evil?

  • Sinfulness and evil exist because people have fallen away from God and His goodness
  • This means God has allowed it, but not caused it;
  • "God gave them up..." (1:24, 26, 28): allows people to fall into sin; "to permit evil" is not "to cause evil“;
  • God let them do what they thought they wanted;
  • their obstinate resistance to His will: He allows them to go ahead (C.S. Lewis on hell: God says okay, yourwill be done)
  • they descend into the depths to which their own perverted wills take them; listed in "catalog of vices"
  • God not accountable for this - those who do wicked are; God is good!

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

romans 2
Romans 2

Who is Paul blaming for sinfulness in Chapter 2? How does this transform the issue of sin as presented in chapter 1?

  • "therefore you have no excuse..." (2:1) - "whoever you are”: sinfulness applies to everyone
  • Rather then pointing the finger at others, Paul demands that we examine our own selves
  • Paul expresses the universality of sinfulness; none is exempt
    • some sin "without the law" (Gentiles) some "with the law" (Jews) - God's law - Torah - Moses
    • First and foremost, Paul will point at himself; considers himself first of sinners – “judge not and be not judged”
    • This transforms the sense of sinfulness occurs: The “catalog of vices” to judge others becomes an “examination of conscience” to change oneself! (and to realize, in gratitude, God’s mercy)

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

romans 21
Romans 2

Does circumcision make for "a real Jew" according to Paul? How does one really become on of God’s own people?

  • Yes, circumcision is the basic covenant that makes one a "real Jew" and one of God's own people, starting with Abraham;
  • But it is "inward circumcision": of the heart and not merely of the flesh;
    • biggest of sins: hypocrisy - rejecting the God one professes with one's lips;
    • one's actions undo the “outward” circumcision and separate one from God's people;
    • an inward circumcision of the heart draws one into God's people.
    • This idea is not new to Paul or Christians: see Deuteronomy 10:16, 30:6

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

his life in the spirit saint paul
His Life in the Spirit: Saint Paul

Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings