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OECD WORKSHOP ON COMPETITIVE CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES International Energy Agency, Paris PowerPoint Presentation
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OECD WORKSHOP ON COMPETITIVE CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES International Energy Agency, Paris - 30 November 2007. Climate change mitigation policy at city level: the Italian experience . Ivana Capozza, Marco Magrassi Ministry of Economic Development Evaluation Unit.

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OECD WORKSHOP ON COMPETITIVE CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES International Energy Agency, Paris


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OECD WORKSHOP ON COMPETITIVE CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

International Energy Agency, Paris - 30 November 2007

Climate change mitigation policy at city level:

the Italian experience

Ivana Capozza, Marco Magrassi

Ministry of Economic Development

Evaluation Unit

slide2

Outline

  • Climate change impact on Italian cities
  • Greenhouse gas emissions at national and urban levels in Italy
  • Attitudes of municipalities in dealing with environmental and climate change issues
  • Examples on energy and transport
  • EU funds
slide3

Average temperature Jan-Jun 2007

Average temperature: a comparison 1961/90 – 1997/2007

Average temperature 1961-90

Average temperature 2007

Average change

Climate change impact on Italian cities

2007 has been exceptional, but there is an overall negative trend

Heat waves + tropical nights affect every day life and have negative health impacts

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Greenhouse gas emissions

  • Italian Kyoto target in 2008 - 2012: -6.5% (base year 1990)
  • However, increasing GHG emissions: +12% in 1990-2004
  • Emissions at city level? Problems
  • No national monitoring system assessing municipal GHG emissions
  • National Env. Agengy estimates provincial emissions on a 5-year basis
  • Only a few regional inventories and comparability problems
  • Italian provinces differ one another and provincial data are a good proxy for municipal emissions only in a few cases
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Attitudes of municipalities – Aalborg Commitments

Municipalities have traditionally played an important role in managing environmental matters (mainly wastes, waste water treatment, green areas and urban transport)

Italian local governments show a high commitment towards sustainable urban development

Aalborg Commitments signatories per million inhabitants (2007)

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Attitudes of municipalities – Local Agenda 21

  • 1452 local governments have started a LA21 planning process (75% municipalities)
  • 78% abandoning rate (financial reasons)
  • 85% are in Central and Northern Italy
  • Action plan implementation is ongoing in some 30% of cases
  • 19% LA21 take account of Kyoto targets
  • 2% of local governments involved in LA21 also have a specific climate change programme
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Attitudes of municipalities

Several support measures for “clean” energy, industrial and household efficiency, sustainable transport at central and regional level

No comprehensive and specific climate change policy at urban level, but

Sector-specific approach, focusing on energy and urban transport, non necessarily linked to climate concerns, e.g:

  • Public investments in urban or light railways in some major cities (Milan, Rome, Naples)
  • Municipal energy plans
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Examples - Energy

  • 24 provincial capital cities over 111 adopted the Municipal energy plan (4 in the South)
  • Solar thermal and photovoltaic power are still under-used (especially in the South) but increasing interest
  • 10 cities have district heating serving more than 100 inhabitants in 1.000 (0 in the South)
  • No link between energy plan and city performance
slide12

EU Funds “for” climate change in cities – 2000-06

Underground, urban and suburban railways - Buses and tramlines - Cycling lanes - Network efficiency and energy saving - Solar energy

slide14

EU Funds “for” climate change in cities – 2007-13

Few regional programmes explicitly focus on urban areas

Several matters can go under the climate challenge heading

Railways

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Conclusions

Patchwork geography of local climate challenge policies

Difficulties in having an overall picture

Few cities appear to be really committed

Sectoral views and scarce financial resources: different thematic strategies are perceived as alternative investments

Investments and actions are mainly linked to economic and social concerns

Opportunities: something is moving

Increasing interest and policy tools and resources made available by central and regional governments

Cities can use these tools withing an integrated approach

It is a question of management capacity and governance