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Creationism, Evolutionism, Interventionism and The Scopes Monkey Trials. Where Did We Come From?. In Class Task:. Read through the package on creationism, evolution and interventionism and fill in the chart provided. Theory of Evolution .

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in class task
In Class Task:
  • Read through the package on creationism, evolution and interventionism and fill in the chart provided
theory of evolution
Theory of Evolution
  • The idea that all living things developed from a few simple life forms. Many different and complex life forms developed over time as a result of adaptation to various environments.
the evolutionary formula
The Evolutionary Formula:
  • If you have:
    • Variation
    • Inheritance
    • Selection and
    • Time
  • Then you get evolution
the theory of evolution
The Theory of Evolution:
  • The 4 essential requirements of evolution:

VARIATION:All life forms vary genetically within a population. It is this genetic variation upon which selection works.

INHERITANCE:Genetic traits are inherited from parents and are passed on to offspring.

SURVIVAL:Organisms with traits that are favorable to their survival get to live and pass on their genes to the next generation.

TIME:Evolution takes time. Evolution can happen in a few generations, but major change, such as speciation, often takes long periods of time.

  • The idea that all things were created – in much the same form as they now exist – by an all-powerful creator.
the theory of creation
The Theory of Creation:
  • Many people believe in creationism.
  • This is the belief that man (and all other beings) were created by God
  • For many this belief is grounded in the book of Genesis.
    • Chapter 1, Verse 27: “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created them; male and female created them.”
    • Many other religions have a creation story as well. One example is Islamic Qur’an which states: Your Guardian Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He settled Himself on the Throne. He draws the night as a veil over the day, each quickly following the other. And the sun and the moon and the stars are all under His command.Surah 7:54
the theory of creation1
The Theory of Creation:
  • Believers in creation suggest that the major plants and animals on earth were placed on the earth in their final form.
  • This also suggests that man/women were placed on the earth in his/her current fully human form.
  • In this view, earth was not a spontaneous creation but rather a specific and divine event by our creator.
  • The idea that evolution was guided by the creator. Evolution was at work up to the Homo erectus stage, where a superior being intervened and changed Homo erectus into Homo sapiens.

It’s important to note that Evolution and religion are not necessarily incompatible.

    • While creationists stick to a literal interpretation of holy scripture, the official position of many religious authorities (such as the Catholic church) is that evolution does not contradict religious teachings.
    • Evolution is still possible under the guidance of a creator, as long as one is open to interpreting scripture.

It’s also important to note that the Theory of Evolution is itself still evolving.

    • Darwin, for example, had no understanding of genetics.
    • Even today, the discovery of things like biological feedback loops that suggest living things can guide their own evolution (rather than evolution being a product of random mutations) mean that we still likely don’t have the complete picture of how evolution works.
theories on the origin of humankind pre darwinism
Theories on the Origin of Humankind – Pre-Darwinism
  • Diluvial Theory:
    • supported the Bible
    • fossils of extinct animals formed by a major flood
  • Objections:
    • no single event like Flood could account for progression of fossils in layers, each lower level is older
    • discovery of pre-flood fossils related to animals living after the flood
theories on the origin of humankind pre darwinism1
Theories on the Origin of Humankind – Pre-Darwinism
  • George Cuvier (1769-1832)
    • explained sequence of fossil layers by proposing a corresponding series of major catastrophes interspersed with periods of calm when plant and animal populations restocked the Earth
    • Noah’s flood just one of many catastrophes (between 27-32)
what is the big deal anyways
What is the big deal anyways?
  • Why was (is) the theory of evolution so controversial?
    • At the time of Darwin’s publication of the Origin of Species (1859) creation was the most widely accepted version of how the earth and all life on it was created.
    • To many it seemed that the theory of evolution was an attempt to contradict religious belief.
    • But, Darwin himself was deeply religious.
    • The idea that humans came from apes was also offensive to some people.
in class task1
In Class Task:
  • Scopes Monkey Trials – summarize the main points of the story as you watch
    • What was the controversy?
    • Why do you think it was illegal?
    • Do you think this controversy still exists today?
misconceptions about the theory of evolution
Misconceptionsabout the theory of Evolution:
  • Evolution is a theory about the origin of life.
misconceptions continued
Misconceptions continued:

2. Evolution is like a climb up a ladder of progress; organisms are always getting better.

misconceptions continued1
Misconceptions continued:

3. Natural selection involves organisms ‘trying’ to adapt.