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Unit 4 Wildlife Protection. Grammar. Step one: Revision of the Passive Voice. Every year over 29,000 antelopes ________ (kill) in Tibet. are killed. --- 一般现在时被动语态. 2. In the past, the elephants __________ (hunt) by farmers. were hunted. --- 一般过去时被动语态.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Step one: Revision of the Passive Voice

  • Every year over 29,000 antelopes ________ (kill) in Tibet.

are killed

--- 一般现在时被动语态

2. In the past, the elephants __________ (hunt) by farmers.

were hunted

--- 一般过去时被动语态

3. In the past twenty years, a large number of bamboo areas ______________ (set up) to help pandas grow.

have been set up

--- 现在完成时被动语态

slide3

5. WWF hopes that more and more wild animals _______________ (protect) in the future.

will be protected

--- 一般将来时被动语态

6. By the end of last year, some forests

_________________(destroy) by local

farmers.

had been destroyed

slide4
表格:被动态基本结构

am/is/are done

was/were done

shall/will be done

wouldbe done

have/has beendone

had beendone

被动语态be字变,过去分词跟后面。

slide5

Look! What is being done?

a whale, kill,

people

A whale is being killed by people.

The whale isn’t being protected by people

slide6

the panda, keep,

in the cage.

Look! What is being done?

The panda is being kept in the cage.

slide7

Rainforests _______________ at such a  speed that they will  disappear from  the earth in the  near future. (cut)

are being cut

As a result….

slide9

1. A whale is being killed by people

2. The whale isn’t being protected by people.

3. The panda is being kept in the cage.

4. Rainforests are being cut down.

The Present Continuous Passive Voice

构成:

is/am/are + being + done (V-过去分词)

…正在被做

意义:

The Past Continuous Passive Voice

was/ were +being + done

slide10

1. They are decorating a Christmas tree now. 被动

A Christmas tree is being decorated now.

2. Some animals were being protected well enough. 否定句

Some animalswere not being protectedwell enough.

3. The bridge is being repaired now. 疑问句

Isthe bridgebeing repairednow?

slide11

意义

1) 表示说话时正在进行的被动动作, 强调主语是动作的承受者

is being taken

Look! The baby _______________(take) care of by her aunt. 瞧!那个婴儿正由他的姑姑照料着。

2) 表示现阶段正在进行的被动动作。但此时此

刻不一定在进行的被动动作

is being built

A new building ______________ ( build) outside our school.

slide12

1. She’s made rapid progress recently and ___always _______________( praise) by the teachers.

2. She said that the silly questions _____ always _____________( ask) by the

man.

is

being praised

她最近进步很快,总是被老师表扬。

were

being asked

3) 现在进行时、过去进行时被动语态与always , all the time等词连用时,表示经常性的被动动作,此时往往带有__________________________。

赞赏或厌恶等感情色彩

slide13

exercise 2 on page 64

are being protected,

are being discovered,

are now being studied,

are being encouraged

slide14

‘be + under / in + n.可代替进行时被动语态

1. The city was under attack at that moment.

=The city was being attacked at that moment.

2. The telephone is in use now.

= The telephone is being used now.

slide15

Answer keys to exercise 1 on page 64

I’m afraid that the road to Wolong Nature Reserve is being repaired.

How much money we should spend on endangered tigers is being discussed.

The side effects of the new drug are being researched.

The request to buy a video for each classroom is being considered.

The project to make a new home for pandas is being developed.

slide16

Hi, I’m Alice.

  • This is my album. Would you like to have a look?

Alice

album

slide17

I want to show you some photos about my Christmas.

  • Can you describe what happens in the pictureusing passive voice?
slide18

My Christmas

It’s Dec. 24th.

On the morning , I went shopping with my

family . We arrived at a shopping mall.

slide19

Outside the shopping mall at 10:00 am

was being decorated

A huge Christmas tree _________________

(decorate) with mini cars.

slide20

Outside the shopping mall at 10:00 am

were being sent

Christmas presents _______________(send) to

children by a Santa.

slide21

From 10:00-12:00 am

were being bought

Many Christmas presents _______________ (buy)

by my parents.

slide22

At 3 p.m

were being wrapped

Christmas presents _____________________

(wrap up包装) by my parents

slide23

At 5 p.m.

A Christmas card

__________________ (write)

by me.

was being written

slide24

At 8 p. m.

A wonderful Christmas dinner

_________________ (enjoy) by my family.

was being enjoyed

slide25

At 11 p.m.

was being hung

A Christmas sock _________________ (hang)

by my brother.

slide26

At 12:00 pm

were being put

Christmas presents _________________ (put)

under the Christmas tree by Father Christmas.

Who is the Father Christmas?

Of course it’s my father.

slide27

It’s Dec 25th. At 8 :00 am

We got up early and said “Merry Christmas” to

one another.

A lot of Christmas presents ____________ (find)

under the Christmas tree.

were being found

slide28

At 9:00 am

At breakfast. A photo of my family

__________________ (take).

was being taken

That’s all my story. I wish all of you a merry Christmas.

slide29

has been visited

Guilin _______________(visit) by so many tourists in the past years that some of its cultural sites ______________________ (not protect )well nowadays. Some ancient sites ________________________ (already damage) by tourists and villagers are worried that part of their history ___________(lose) in the future.

Now, a group of villagers in Guilin ____________( plan) to protect their cultural relics. They have taken the following measures in order to protect the cultural relics.). A website _______________ (start) to tell people about the problem and how to solve it. Also, a museum _____________(build) so that visitors can look at the cultural relics without ___________(cause) any damage.

are not being protected

have already been damaged

will be lost

are planning

has been started

has been built

causing

slide30

写作练习: 要求在适当的地方使用被动句。

注意时态的正确运用。

在过去,中国有很多的麋鹿。 然而,在过去的

四十年间,大量的麋鹿被杀了。

随着时间的过去,人们开始意识到了保护动物的

重要性。在北京,一个麋鹿公园已经被建了起来。

如今,麋鹿得到了人类的保护。因此,它的数量

在增加。

slide31

在过去,中国有很多的麋鹿。 然而,在过去的

四十年间,大量的麋鹿被杀了。随着时间的过去,人们开始意识到了保护动物的重要性。在北京,一个麋鹿公园已经被建了起来。如今,麋鹿得到了人类的保护。因此,它的数量

在增加。

There used to many Milu deer in China.

However, a lot of milu deer have been killed

in the past forty years. As time goes by,

people begin to realize the importance of

protecting animals. In Beijing, a Milu deer

Park has been set up. Now, the Milu deer are

being protected by human beings.

As a result, their numbers are increasing.