Web 2.0 and RSS : An Introduction Chris Lerch Library Technical Services RIT
What is Web 2.0? • “A…second-generation of Internet-based services — such as social networking sites, wikis, communication tools, and folksonomies — that let people collaborate and share information online in previously unavailable ways.” --O’Reilly Media
Web 2.0 vs. Web 1.0 Web 1.0Web 2.0 Reading Writing Companies Communities HTML XML, AJAX Surfing RSS Taxonomy Folksonomy Owning Sharing Web Forms Web Applications Dialup Broadband Web Pages Blogs AOL, eBay, Internet Explorer Firefox, Flickr, Digg
Folksonomys • “A folksonomy is an Internet-based information retrieval methodology consisting of collaboratively generated, open-ended labels that categorize content such as Web pages, online photographs, and Web links.” -- Wikipedia
Tagging • Classifying information in multiple ways • Popular uses include files, email messages, web pages, bookmarks, digital pictures, other interests
Social Bookmarking • Del.icio.us • Remotely store your bookmarks • Make them public or private • Tag them • Discover what others are sharing and tagging
Photo Sharing • Flickr • Upload digital photos • Tag and share • Links created for blogging, etc.
Collaboration • Wikis • A web page that can be edited by multiple people • Wikipedia • The largest Wiki
Online Applications • Google Documents • Word processing. Spreadsheets. presentations • Stored on external server, accessible from any computer • Can be shared • Meebo • Online unified chat • Google Calendar • Online, can be viewed, subscribed to and shared • Zoho, Ajax Write,NumSum, 30Boxes • Google competitors
News • Digg • User submitted content, voted and commented on by other users • Newsvine • A mix of user submitted, user created and traditional news content
Blogs • Professional and personal • Web Based • Blogger • Wordpress • Server Based • Movable Type • Wordpress
RSS • Really Simple Syndication • Subscribe to web pages, blogs, podcasts • Readers • Client based (Outlook, NewsGator) • Web based (Bloglines, Google Reader)
What’s Next? • Full office suites (Google, Zoho,ThinkFree) • More customized search and portals • Mashups - APIs
What’s Next (con’t) • Next generation of social sites (i.e. Myspace 2.0) – immediacy will be king. • Facebook • Twitter • Pownce
What’s Next for Libraries • Library 2.0 • Innovative’s Encore • Aquabrowser • Worldcat Local • LibraryThing for Libraries • LibraryFind • eXtensible Catalog • Plymouth State
Review • Video: The Machine is Us/ing Us • Mike Wesch, Kansas State
What is RSS? • RSS is a type of web feed used to publish frequently updated web content. • Blogs • News • Podcasts • Any type of web content
What is RSS? • “RSS” has stood for three things over the course of its development: • RDF Site Summary (1999) • Rich Site Summary (2001) • Really Simple Syndication (2002) • Atom (2003) is another RSS offshoot
Readers • Applications that people use to monitor and read RSS feeds are called “Readers” or “Aggregators”. • You subscribe to a feed and then the reader periodically checks for updates and presents them to use.
Desktop Readers • Dozens to choose from • PC: FeedDemon, NewsGator, FeedReader • Mac: NetNewsWire, Vienna • Advantages: Can read offline, lots of features • Disadvantages: No portability, tied to a single machine
Browser Readers • FireFox, Safari, IE7, Opera, Flock • Advantages: Never leave the browser • Disadvantages: Poor/no synchronization
Web Based Readers • 50+ different ones • Most popular: Google Reader, Bloglines • Web Portals: MyYahoo, Google Homepage, Netvibes • Advantages: Portability/Synchronization • Disadvantage: Must be online
Other Readers • Outlook 2007 • Outlook 2003 works with add-ons • Windows Mobile • Advantages: Familiarity • Disadvantages: Not as many features, no portability.
Which Sites Have Feeds? • Most content-drive sites • New York Times • CNN • Democrat & Chronicle • Digg • Blogs
How Do I Know if a Site Has a Feed? • Most browsers (Firefox, IE7, Safari) will display an RSS Icon. • Many sites list their RSS Feeds
How Do I Know if a Site Has a Feed? Some sites have links to popular readers
How Do I Subscribe to a Feed? • Varies by reader, browser and web site. • When in doubt, click on the buttons! • You may have to cut and paste a link into your reader. • Bookmarklets may be available
What’s in a Feed? • Text (usually formatted) • Pictures • Music • Video • Format is defined in the XML for the RSS
Reading Feeds • Different readers have different features • Clicking on an item will display some or all of the content. • Clicking again will take you to the original source.
Import/Export • You can move your feeds from one reader to another by exporting and importing them (OPML)
Review • Video: RSS in Plain English • Lee LeFever (commoncraft)
www.getfirefox.com del.icio.us www.flickr.com www.pbwiki.com docs.google.com www.zoho.com calendar.google.com www.digg.com www.newsvine.com www.blogger.com www.wordpress.com www.twitter.com reader.google.com www.bloglines.com www.netvibes.com http://www.aquabrowser.com/ http://www.iii.com/encore/splash.html http://www.oclc.org/news/releases/200659.htm http://www.librarything.com/forlibraries/ http://www.plymouth.edu/library/ http://www.extensiblecatalog.info/ Check Out: http://del.icio.us/crlwml