McQuaid Jesuit Religion 1 - Kilbridge V. Exodus II: The Wandering
A. Reminder: Structure of Pentateuch Pentateuch is the story of Israel’s covenantal relationship with God. This is the major theme of the Pentateuch.
B. Wandering in the Desert • 40 years • Times of Trial: • Exodus 14: 10 – 18; 15:22- 16:36; 17:1-16 • Exodus 32 • Numbers 11:4-35; 16: 3-14; 20:14-21 • Nature of these trials varies. • Compare this period to: Noah and the Flood and Jesus’ Temptation in the Desert (Lent) • What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger? • Maintaining faith in times of trial – both the individual and the nation.
Map of Exodus Source: ldolphin.org/sinai.html
The Golden Calf – Exodus 32 Golden Calf A woodcut from the Rijks Museum http://www.rijksmuseum.nl/catalogue/_catalogue_static/SK-A-3841-web-figd-xl.jpg
C. Moses Sins • Numbers 20:1-13 • What was his sin? • Three possibilities: • Anger as evidenced by his yelling at the “rebels” • Not attributing powers to God • “striking” the rock rather than commanding it • Consequence: Not entering the Promised Land
Moses Striking Water from a Rock Salomon de Coninch Source: Tourcoing, Musee des Beaux-Arts
D. Moses’ Farewell Address • Deuteronomy 8; 32:9-11 • Salvation History • Message: • Don’t go soft after the trials in a rich land. • Recognize God’s gifts to us. Be humble in face of Prosperity: “Do not say to yourself, “My power and the might of my own hand have gotten me this wealth.”
E. Moses Dies • Deuteronomy 34: 1-12 • Mt. Nebo • Literary Allusions: • Promised Land and Jordan River as symbols • MLK, Jr. – Promised Land as Civil Rights • “Get Happy” – Promised Land as Heaven • Priest • Exilic Israel is Israel even when NOT in the Land.
Lyrics Get Happy by Ted Koehler • Forget your troubles c'mon get happy,you better chase all your cares away.Shout hallelujah c'mon get happyget ready for the judgment day.the sun is shining c'mon get happy,the lord is waiting to take your hand.shout hallelujah c'mon get happy,we're going to the promise landWe're heading across the river towash your sins away in the tide.it's all so peaceful on the other side.
Moses on Mt. Nebo Source: http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Moses
F. Joshua to lead • Joshua given responsibility Deut. 1: 37, 38 • Battle of Jericho: Joshua 2: 1-24; 6: 1-27 Source: http://www.christusrex.org/www1/sistine/Fd-Joshua.jpg
G. Positions of Authority in the Land • Deuteronomy 16:18 – 18:22 • Judges, Priests, Prophets and Kings • Balance of Power (N. Lohfink; R.J. Clifford, S.J.) • Foreshadowing of Internal Conflict?
King, Prophet and Priest Wadham College, Oxford. Source: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_eleaI7veMfU/SpZddMMP65I/AAAAAAAAAE4/oa7p51I4vHk/s1600-h/Prophet+priest+king+window.jpg
H. Map of Holy Land • Sea of Galilee • Jordan River • Mt. Nebo • Jericho • Dead Sea
I. Just War • The Ban (Deuteronomy 20:16) • Battle of Jericho (Joshua 6:21) • Augustine and Aquinas • Catechism of the Catholic Church (2308, 2309) • Must be defensive • All other means to avoid war must be exhausted • Damage done by aggressor must be grave and certain • Must be serious prospects of success • Use of arms must not produce greater evil than that to be eliminated.