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SOL REVIEW African-American History. What group did Europeans force to come to the Americas?. Africans. What trade pattern brought African-Americans to the English colonies?. The Triangular Trade. What was the name of the forced voyage of African slaves from their homes to the New World?.

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SOL REVIEW African-American History

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what was the name of the forced voyage of african slaves from their homes to the new world

What was the name of the forced voyage of African slaves from their homes to the New World?

The Middle Passage

according to the sols what were the 3 points in the triangular trade

According to the SOLs, what were the 3 points in the Triangular Trade?

New England colonies

the West Indies


a compromise between the northern states and the southern states at the constitutional convention

A compromise between the northern states and the southern states at the Constitutional Convention.

Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person in figuring the slave states’ population for representation in the House of Representatives.

define abolitionists
Define abolitionists.
  • People who wanted to abolish (end) slavery immediately
who wrote uncle tom s cabin
Who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin?
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
describe uncle tom s cabin
Describe Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
  • An antislavery novel
  • Told the cruelties of slavery
African-American slave
  • Planned a slave revolt in Richmond, Va.
  • Revolt crushed by Va. militia
  • Prosser and 35 slaves were executed
An African-American slave
  • Led a slave revolt in Southampton County, Va.
  • Killed 55 whites
  • 100+ blacks were killed
  • Turner was captured and executed
Since Dred Scott was a slave, he could not sue in federal court
  • African-Americans were not citizens of the United States
  • Since Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in the territories, the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
what did the dred scott decision say about the missouri compromise
What did the Dred Scott decision say about the Missouri Compromise?
  • The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
In Dred Scott v. Sandford did the Supreme Court rule that Scott should remain a slave or gain his freedom?
  • Remain a slave
Former African-American slave
  • Important black abolitionist
  • Encouraged President Lincoln to recruit former slaves to fight in the Union army
what did the emancipation proclamation do
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
  • Freed all slaves who lived in states still in rebellion on Jan. 1, 1863
identify 14th amendment
Identify 14th Amendment.
  • Granted citizenship to African-Americans
  • Forbid the states from denying any American “equal protection of the laws”
identify the 15th amendment
Identify the 15th Amendment.
  • Gave African-American males the right to vote
what are the key words to remember the reconstruction amendments
What are the key words to remember the Reconstruction Amendments?
  • 13th = Freedom
  • 14th = Citizenship
  • 15th = Vote
what was the jim crow era
What was the “Jim Crow Era”?
  • The period (late 1800s to mid-1960s) when the Southern states required racialsegregation in public schools, transportation and other public facilities.
what political rights did african americans lose during the jim crow era
What political rights did African-Americans lose during the “Jim Crow Era”?
  • The right to vote
  • The right to serve on juries
define racial segregation
Define racial segregation.
  • Separation of the races
  • In the South, separation of blacks and whites
What type of education did Booker T. Washington advocate (call for/support) for African-Americans?
  • Vocational education
How did the Supreme Court rule in 1896 in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson?
  • Racial segregation was constitutional (legal).
What doctrine was established by the Supreme Court’s decision in Plessy v. Ferguson?
  • The “Separate But Equal” Doctrine
What does racial segregation mean?
  • Separation of the races
For what does NAACP stand?
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
What were three ideas in Booker T. Washington’s philosophy for the advancement of African-Americans?
  • 1) Vocational Education; 2) Self-Help; 3) Economic Success
What were W.E.B. DuBois’ ideas for the advancement of African-Americans?
  • Legal Rights and Political Equality for African-Americans NOW!
identify the plessy v ferguson decision
Identify the Plessy v. Ferguson decision.
  • “Separate but equal” facilities were constitutional
  • Racial segregation was legal
for what 2 things did the naacp work
For what 2 things did the NAACP work?
  • End legal segregation in the South
  • Gain the right to vote for African-Americans in the South
what was the 1954 supreme court decision in the brown v board of education decision
What was the 1954 Supreme Court decision in the Brown v. Board of Education decision?
  • Supreme Court declared racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional
what was the constitutional basis of the brown decision
What was the constitutional basis of the Brown decision?
  • Racial segregation violated the “equal protection” clause of the 14th Amendment
what event made rosa parks famous
What event made Rosa Parks famous?
  • The Montgomery Bus Boycott
what was the goal of the 1963 march on washington
What was the goal of the 1963 March on Washington
  • Gain passage of major civil rights laws by Congress
who gave the i have a dream speech at the march on washington
Who gave the “I have a dream” speech at the March on Washington?
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
identify the 1964 civil rights act
Identify the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
  • Outlawed racial, religious, and sex discrimination in public places and by employers
  • Gave the federal government more power to enforce all civil rights laws
identify the 1965 voting rights act
Identify the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
  • Outlawed literacy tests as a voting requirement
  • Sent federal registrars to the South to register black voters
what was a literacy test
What was a literacy test?
  • Person had to prove he could read and write in order to vote
why did the southern states require literacy tests
Why did the Southern states require literacy tests?
  • To keep African-Americans from voting