Your need for food
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Your need for food . Activity: List five foods you like and five you dislike. Next to each food, write a reason why you like or dislike it. Why do you eat? . Your physical health Your environment Your emotions. Your Physical Health. Physical reasons why/how we eat: Survival Growth

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Your need for food

Your need for food


List five foods you like and five you dislike. Next to each food, write a reason why you like or dislike it.

Why do you eat
Why do you eat?

  • Your physical health

  • Your environment

  • Your emotions

Your physical health
Your Physical Health

  • Physical reasons why/how we eat:

    • Survival

    • Growth

    • Energy

    • Fitness

  • Basic needs in life:

    • Food, air and water

Eating well
Eating well

  • Active life-style

    • Energy and stamina

      • Right types and amount of food

  • Nutritious diet

    • Growth and maintenance of healthy body

    • Mental alertness

    • Reduces health risks

    • Adds to quality and length of life

      • 6 out of 10 leading causes of death in US linked to food

Your environment culture
Your environment: CULTURE

  • Food choices reflect:

    • Culture you live in

    • Ethnic background

    • Religious beliefs

  • Teenage culture

    • What are some food practices associated with the “teenage culture”?

Your environment advertising
Your environment: ADVERTISING

  • TV, magazines, newspapers and billboards

  • Shape food decisions

  • Make you aware of certain foods and benefits

    • What food have you recently tried due to an ad?

Your environment advertising1
Your environment: ADVERTISING

  • Do your research

    • People tend to believe what they read or hear without researching on their own.

    • Ads do not always tell the full truth

    • Ex: An ad may say that the food is low in fat but it does not mention that it is high in calories.

Your environment advertising2
Your environment: ADVERTISING

  • Power of persuasion

    • Advertisers spend millions of dollars to persuade consumers

    • Ways they persuade you:

      • Status

      • Sex appeal

      • Weight loss

      • Appearance

Your environment advertising3
Your environment: ADVERTISING

  • Be skeptical

    • Inform yourself about food and health

    • Listen and judge advertisement carefully

    • Control what foods you buy and eat – not the advertisers

  • Supplements – NOT FDA APPROVED!!!

Your environment time and money
Your environment: Time and money

  • What are factors that influence food shopping?

  • Busy life-styles

    • Cook and eat quickly

      • Fast food

      • Microwave meals

      • Already pre-pared meals at grocery stores and mini marts

    • Choose more nutritious foods rather than skipping meals

  • How has cost affected food decisions that you have made?

Your emotions
Your emotions

  • Eating habits ties to emotions

    • Boredom

    • Stress

    • Frustration

    • Depression

    • Social events

      • sports, celebrations, holidays, etc.

    • Fun

Your emotions1
Your emotions

  • Emotions:

    • Overeating

      • Tension, boredom, stress, frustration, social events

    • Loss of appetite

      • Stress, depression

        • Loss of essential nutrients

  • Pay attention to your eating habits

    • Be aware of emotions tied to eating

    • Make more healthy food choices

Nutrition throughout your life
Nutrition throughout your life

  • Nutrition is essential for health

    • Before you were born

    • Infant

    • Child

    • Teen

    • Young adult

    • Middle age adult

    • Older adult

Nutrition throughout your life1
Nutrition throughout your life

  • Different needs at different stages of your life

    • At each age you needed the same nutrients

      • Amounts fluctuate as you grow

      • Younger ages need more nutrients to grow

      • Adults need less nutrients

        • Metabolism and decreased activity = less calories

        • Nutrients are still important

      • Knowing what your body needs during your life is key to your health

Nutrition and adolescence
Nutrition and Adolescence

  • Period of fastest growth in lifetime

    • Very active as well

    • Good nutrition important for growth and energy

  • Teenage tendencies:

    • Skip meals

    • High-fat and/or sugary foods

  • Evaluate your eating habits

    • Identify food choices you can control

    • Food changes you need to make

    • Food choices that affect your overall health and level of performance

    • Promote your health by making wise food choices

Review questions
Review questions

  • Describe factors that influence food choices, and give three examples.

  • How do your nutritional needs differ between your teenage years and adulthood?


  • How have your culture and family influenced your food habits?

    • (write in your health journal at home)


  • Evaluate five food advertisements on the radio or TV. Discuss the approach each on uses to influence your food choices.

    • (minimum of five paragraphs)