Skills Development for Informal Economy: Issue and emerging approach. Akiko Sakamoto Skills Development Specialist ILO. Why skills in I/E?. Over 90% of employment in unorganized sector Contributes to 60% of GDP Large number of low-skilled people Large number of survivalist MSEs
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Skills Development Specialist
Own-account workers, home workers
Survivalist enterprises (1-3 workers)
Profitable micro enterprises (0-10)
Labour rights, OSH
Placement supportDiversified profile and needs
Nearly 50% of workforce has below primary schooling
Short-term modular skills training
Post training support
Formal training available for 2.6 million p.a.
ITI entry criteria class X, or VIII
12-15,000 NGOs but no data
Largely based on ‘perception’
Public TIs –curriculum preset
SDI/MES scheme (GOI)
Largely provided by PPP, NGOsDemand & Supply
Raising demands for skills
i.e. How to integrate skills training with other support services
SectorHow do we reach out the Sector?
(DM, panchayat, VDC)