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Academic world quest 2009

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  1. Academic world quest 2009

  2. We wish to thank the staff of the Henry A. Wallace Center at the FDR Presidential Library and Home for their generous assistance and historic setting.

  3. Participating High Schools Arlington High School John Jay High School Roy C Ketcham High School Spackenkill High School Oakwood Friends School Roosevelt High School Kingston High School Marlboro High School Washingtonville High School

  4. Academic World Quest Committee     Martin Charwat Joel Diemond Joe Lombardi Sarah Fruchter - Marist Intern

  5. Volunteers from the World Affairs Council of the Mid-Hudson Valley Barbara van Italie Seemi Ahmad John Moriarty Dana vanderHeyden Mark vanderHeyden Rita Alterman Laraine Mai

  6. Judges     Rita Alterman John Moriarty Joe Lombardi

  7. Quizmaster Donna Reyer, co-anchor, Cablevision News

  8. Any team found with any means of assistance other than brain power will be DISQUALIFIED. PLEASE TURN OFF YOUR CELLULAR PHONES AND REMOVE ANY HAND-HELD DEVICES. The only items on your table should be the answer sheets, and the pad and pencil supplied by the committee.

  9. Population Issues in Developing Countries Nine countries are expected to account for much of the world's rapid population growth to 2050, with eight of these countries being in the developing world. This category will consist of questions about the demographic challenges that developing countries face.

  10. 1. Extreme poverty is considered to be living on less than one dollar a day. Approximately how many people in the world are living in extreme poverty? A. 800,000,000 B. 950,000,000 C. 1,200,000,000 D. 2,100,000,000 Population

  11. 2. Family planning and maternal health are central in world population issues. According to the United Nations, approximately how many women do NOT have access to family planning services? A. 100 million B. 200 million C. 500 million D. 600 million Population

  12. 3. What is the estimated percentage of people worldwide with AIDs who will be able to access treatment by 2015? A. 55% B. 65% C. 70% D. 75% Population

  13. 4. What is the most significant reason for population increase worldwide? A. Increased death rates B. Decreased death rates C. Increased birth rates D. Decreased birth rates Population

  14. 5. Which of the following is NOT a Millennium Development Goal (MDG)? A. Improve Maternal Health B. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger C. Achieve Universal Secondary Education D. Reduce Child Mortality Population

  15. 6. Which region of the world has made the least amount of progress in reducing childhood deaths between 1990-2006? A. Sub-Saharan Africa B. Eastern Asia C. Eastern Europe D. Southern Asia Population

  16. 7. In 2006, what was the approximate net percentage of children worldwide enrolled in primary education? A. 70% B. 75% C. 80% D. 90% Population

  17. 8. What is the United Nations estimate of world population by 2050? A. 8.6 Billion B. 9.4 Billion C. 10.1 Billion D. 11.4 Billion Population

  18. Water By 2025, half of the world's population will live in water-stressed or water-scarce regions. This category will consist of questions about the impact of water scarcity throughout the world.

  19. 1. Approximately what percentage of the earth's water is freshwater?A. Less than one percent B.   Between two and three percentC.   Between three and four percentD.   More than five percent Water

  20. 2. The largest amount of freshwater reserves are to be found in: A. Lakes and RiversB. GroundwaterC. PermafrostD. Glaciers and snow cover Water

  21. 3. Which of the following sectors uses the largest amount of water withdrawals worldwide? A. IndustryB.   AgricultureC. Domestic household usesD.   Reservoirs Water

  22. 4. Which continent uses the LEAST amount of water on a per capita basis? A.   AfricaB.  EuropeC.  AsiaD.   South America Water

  23. 5. According to the United Nations, what is the minimum number of liters of water per person, per day, needed for drinking, washing, cooking and sanitation? A.   20 B.   30C. 40D.   50 Water

  24. 6. Roughly, how many of the world's people live WITHOUT access to clean drinking water? •   750 million   •   1.1 billion •   2.5 billion •   3 billion Water

  25. 7. Which is the LEAST efficient of the following items, in terms of water needed to produce one kilogram of this item? A. BeefB. WheatC. RiceD. Millet Water

  26. 8. Approximately, how many people are dependent on water originating on the Tibetan Plateau? A. 750 millionB. 1 billionC. 2 billionD. 3 billion Water

  27. Alternative Fuels By 2025, world energy demand is expected to increase by 55 percent, a rise driven largely by industrialization trends in Asia. This category will consist of questions about energy dependence and alternate sources.

  28. 1. In the United States, approximately what percentage of the world's current daily petroleum output does the U.S. vehicle fleet consume? A. 8% B. 11% C. 16% D. 20% Alternative Fuels

  29. 2. Which of the following is NOT considered a biofuel or a form of biomass energy? A.  Low-head hydroB.  WoodC.  EthanolD.   Agricultural residue Alternative Fuels

  30. 3. Scientists and engineers are devising a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from coal burning power plants by capturing carbon dioxide before it is released into the atmosphere in a process called A.   Carbon dispersalB. Carbon reversalC. Carbon sequestrationD. Carbon allocation Alternative Fuels

  31. 4. Global energy needs are projected to increase by 55% between 2005 and 2030.  What two countries will account for 45% of this increase in demand? A. China and IndiaB. The United States and RussiaC. Brazil and IndiaD. China and the United States Alternative Fuels

  32. 5. When a structure's windows, walls and floors are designed to collect, store and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solar heat in the summer, the design of the structure is called: A. Active solarB. Passive solarC. Zero energy solarD. Earth-sheltered Alternative Fuels

  33. 6. Currently, the largest and least expensive source of renewable electricity produced in the United States is: A. Wind B. GeothermalC. HydroelectricD. Biomass Alternative Fuels

  34. 7. The power source of the fuel cell is: A. NitrogenB. HydrogenC. HeliumD. Uranium Alternative Fuels

  35. 8. Geothermal energy can be used anywhere one lives in the United States, but the part of the country with the greatest potential for a geothermal power plant is: A. The Western statesB. The Southeastern statesC. The Plains statesD. The Northeast Alternative Fuels

  36. Biotechnology and Genomics The completion of the Human Genome Project several years ago marked a historic achievement in the field of genetics and has opened up numerous paths for further exploration in biotechnology. This category will consist of questions about the development of genetics research and biotechnology.

  37. 1. Who first discovered the double-helix pattern of DNA? A. Sergey Brin and Larry Page B. James Watson and Francis Crick C. Andrew Zire and Craig Mello D. Mario Capecci, Martin Evans, and Oliver Smithies Biotechnology and Genomics

  38. 2. Approximately what percentage of processed food products on US supermarket shelves have at least one ingredient that is from a genetically engineered crop? A. 20% B. 40% C. 70% D. 0% Biotechnology and Genomics

  39. 3. The goal of the Human Genome Project was to identify the __________ genes that make up the human genome. A. 15,000 B. 25,000 C. 45,000 D. 60,000 Biotechnology and Genomics

  40. 4. In response to concerns about the potential for discrimination based on genetic information the US government passed a new law in 2008. It was: A. An amendment to the Americans with Disabilities Act B. The Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act C. The Genetic Information Non-Discrimination In Employment and Education Act D. An amendment to the Civil Rights Act Biotechnology and Genomics

  41. 5. In January 2008 the US Food and Drug Administration decided that meat and milk from cloned cows, pigs, and goats when compared to naturally bred animals was: A. Just as safe B. Not as safe C. Probably not as safe but more research was required D. Probably just as safe but more research was required Biotechnology and Genomics

  42. 6. What percentage of the world total biotech cropland was planted in the US last year? A. 25% B. 50% C. 75% D. Almost 100% Biotechnology and Genomics

  43. 7. Mice which have had an existing gene inactivated or replaced with artificial DNA for the purposes of research are A. Called knockout mice B. Banned in Europe C. Banned in Japan and China D. Called Frankenmice Biotechnology and Genomics

  44. 8. The most common gene-modified ingredients found in processed foods come from which of the following crops? A. Corn, Soy, Cotton, Canola B. Corn, Wheat, Potatoes, Tomatoes C. Soy, Canola, Wheat, Sugar Cane D. Beets, Sugar Cane, Tomatoes, Potatoes Biotechnology and Genomics

  45. Connectivity With the growth of technological innovation has come vastly greater connectivity, which is being utilized for collaboration in business and education, as well as in international criminal activities. This category will consist of questions about technological innovation and increased connectivity.

  46. 1. Which of the following countries is NOT known for restricting internet access? A. Myanmar B. China C. Colombia D. Cuba Connectivity

  47. 2. Which of the following is an example of ‘cyberwar’? A. Estonian Cyberwar B. CodeBlack C. Rwandan Cyberattack D. Scandinavian Rain Connectivity

  48. 3. Which of the following is NOT one of the most used languages on the internet? A. Portuguese B. Korean C. Hebrew D. English Connectivity

  49. 4. Which continent had the greatest number of internet users in 2008? A. Asia B. Europe C. North America D. Africa Connectivity

  50. 5. As of 2008, approximately how many people use the internet worldwide? A. 1,000,000,000 B. 1,500,000,000 C. 2,000,000,000 D. 2,500,000,000 Connectivity