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s mohammed irshad jamsetji tata centre for disaster management tata institute of social sciences n.
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Interface of Disaster and Development – Issues & Challenges . PowerPoint Presentation
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Interface of Disaster and Development – Issues & Challenges .

Interface of Disaster and Development – Issues & Challenges .

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Interface of Disaster and Development – Issues & Challenges .

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  1. S. Mohammed Irshad Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management Tata Institute of Social Sciences Interface of Disaster and Development – Issues & Challenges.

  2. Introduction Disaster highlights the inherent weakness of development programmes. • Quality of relief • Unequal distribution of compensation

  3. Contd.. Development, on the one hand being virtually synonymous with `progress' and on the other referring to intentional efforts to `ameliorate the disordered faults of progress' (Cowen and Shenton, 1996, p. 7)

  4. Contd In general the term development refers to the practice of development agencies intervention to alleviate poverty and other problems, so it is applicable mainly to certain context where `poor' exists (Thomas, 2000).

  5. Natural cause and unequal effects

  6. Contd..

  7. Damage assessment Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC Methodology) Replacing pre-disaster infrastructure

  8. Contd Rehabilitation...is part of a process of protecting and promoting the livelihoods of people enduring or recovering from emergencies. It aims to provide short-term income transfers, rebuild household and community assets, and rebuild institutions. Its key task is to help reinforce developmental objectives, notably livelihood security, participation, sustainability, gender equity, and local institutional capacity (Hiarvey& Campbell)

  9. From Rehabilitation to Development The nature of development institutions in rehabilitation of any disaster victims generally requires either the continuation of its mode of operation or additional mode of operation. Continuation of existing institutions is the general practice of disaster rehabilitation. Additional institutional intervention is generally requires only when there exists an acute shortage of development institutions

  10. Rehabilitation of ‘Asset-less’ Are there any new assets created for asset-less? • Marginalisation of land-less agricultural workers from compensation in Thane Super cyclone • Orissa Super Cyclone 1999-Exclusion of asset-less Dalits • Bihar Floods 2007

  11. Rehabilitation as Basic Need support In general rehabilitation of victims follows the principle of ensuring minimum necessities i.e. basic minimum support. The idea basic minimum is significantly institutionalized in development programmes.

  12. Contd The concept of basic needs approach was put forward by the international labour office (ILO) in its declaration of principles and programmes of action in 1976 ( Hoadley,1981). The inspiration of basic needs approach was conflict between higher economic growth and poverty during 1970s.

  13. Missing ‘development’ • Disaster rehabilitation is institutionally limited to ‘lost assets’ • Structural inequalities are impede sustainability of the rehabilitation • Cumulative vulnerabilities are seldom get proper attention in the rehabilitation

  14. Conclusion • Demand for development is missing in India’s disaster rehabilitation • Legitimizing basic needs de-limit long term asset creation of the victims. • State seldom promote an asset creating disaster rehabilitation plan