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Depreciation

Depreciation

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Depreciation

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  1. Depreciation Georgia CTAE Resource Network Instructional Resources Office Written by: Dr. Marilynn K. Skinner May 2009

  2. LEARNING GOALS • Define, classify, account for cost of fixed assets. • Compute depreciation using straight-line, units-of-production, declining balance. • Account for disposal of fixed assets. Continued

  3. LG 1 Why is a “major purchase” different? Major purchase is expensive & long-lived.

  4. LG 1 CLASSIFYING COSTS Expenditures must be classified as • Expenses • Investments • Fixed assets

  5. LG 1 EXHIBIT 2 When is a purchased item a fixed asset? Yes No Expense No Yes Fixed Assets Investments

  6. LEARNING GOALS 2 Compute depreciation using straight-line, units-of-production, declining balance.

  7. LG 2 EXHIBIT 4

  8. LG 2 What are some methods of depreciation? We examine 3 depreciation methods.

  9. LG 2 DEPRECIATION METHODS 3 methods to calculate depreciation expense • Straight-line depreciation • Same amount of depreciation each year • Units of production depreciation • Depreciation varies with asset use • Declining balance • Accelerated method provides more depreciation in earlier years

  10. LG 2 STRAIGHT-LINE DEPRECIATION Depreciation expense = (Cost – Residual value) / Useful life

  11. LG 2 EXERCISE 9-15a Press “Enter” or click left mouse button for answer. A backhoe acquired on 1/5 for $84,000 has an estimated useful life of 12 years and no residual value. Determine the depreciation for each of the first 2 years by straight-line depreciation. Click button to skip this exercise Depreciation expense = (Cost – Residual value)/ Useful life ($84,000 - $0)/12 = $7,000 year 1 & 2

  12. LG 2 UNITS-OF-PRODUCTION DEPRECIATION Depreciation expense = {(Cost – Residual value)/ Productive activity} * Current activity

  13. LG 2 EXERCISE 9-13 A diesel-powered generator with cost of $345,000 and residual value of $18,000, has an expected operating life of 75,000 hours. In July, the generator was used 1,250 hours. Calculate depreciation by units-of-production depreciation. Press “Enter” or click left mouse button for answer. Click button to skip this exercise Depreciation expense = {(Cost – Residual value)/ Productive activity} * Current activity {($345,000 - $18,000)/75,000} * 1,250 = $5,450

  14. LG 2 DECLINING-BALANCE DEPRECIATION For double-declining balance: Depreciation expense = 2*(1/Life) * (Cost – Accumulated Depreciation)

  15. LG 2 EXERCISE 9-15b Press “Enter” or click left mouse button for answer. A backhoe acquired on 1/5 for $84,000 has an estimated useful life of 12 years and no residual value. Determine the depreciation for each of the first 2 years by double-declining balance depreciation. Click button to skip this exercise Depreciation expense = 2*(1/Life) * (Cost – Accumulated Depreciation) 2 * (1/12) *($84,000 - $0) = $14,000 in year 1 2*(1/12) *($84,000 - $14,000) = $11,667 in year 2

  16. LG 3 ASSET DISPOSAL Assets can be • Discarded • Sold First, bring depreciation expense up to date

  17. LG 3 2/14 ENTRY: Discarding Asset 2/14 Accumulated Depr. Equipment 25,000 25,000 • Discard an asset • No effect cash flow • Decreases assets, equity on balance sheet • Increases expenses on income statement

  18. LG 3 10/12 ENTRY: Selling Asset 10/12 Cash Accumulated Depr Loss Equipment 1,000 7,750 1,250 10,000 • Sell an asset • Increase investing cash flow • Decreases assets, equity on balance sheet • Increases expenses on income statement