CHAPTER 18:DISAPPOINTMENTS IN MADRID, 1890 - 91.
- FAILURE TO GET JUSTICE FOR FAMILY
Asociacion Hispano – FilipinaLiberal Spanish newspapers (La Justicia, El Globo, La Republica, El resumen, etc).M. H. Del Pilar – acted as his lawyer.Dr. Dominador Gomez – secretary of Asociacion Hispano – Filipina.Minister of Colonies (SeñorFabie)Gen. ValerioWeyler & Dominicans
- MORE TERRIBLE NEWS REACHED RIZAL IN MADRID
From Silvestre Ubaldo, he received a copy of the ejectment order by the Dominicans against Francisco Rizal and other Calamba tenants. From Saturnina, he learned of the deportation of Paciano, Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo, Teong, and Dandoy to Mindoro. His parents were forcibly ejected from their home and were then living in the house of Narcisa.
-RIZAL’S EULOGY TO PANGANIBAN
Jose Ma. Panganiban – his friend and his talented co-worker in the propaganda.August 19, 1890 – date of the death of Jose Ma. Panganiban because of a lingering illness.
- Itinago ang tunay na
pangalan sailalim ng sagisag
- Kilala sa pagkakaroon ng
- Kabilang sa mga Kilusang Makabayan
MGA AKDA NI JOMAPA:
End of August, 1890 – Rizal attended a social reunion of the Filipinos in Madrid. Antonio Luna became drunk. Luna was bitter because of his frustrated romance with Nellie Boustead. He was blaming Rizal for his failure. Luna uttered certain unsavory remarks for Nellie. Rizal heard him and challenge for a duel.
The Filipinos were shocked of the incident.
They tried to pacify Rizal and Luna, pointing
out to both that such a duel would damage
their cause in Spain. Luna, when he became
sober, realized that he had made a fool and
he apologized to Rizal.
Wenceslao E. Retana , the bitter
enemy of Rizal in pen. Attacked
Filipinos including Rizal, in various
newspaper in Madrid La Epoca – an
anti- Filipino newspaper . He insulted
Rizal’s family, so Rizal challenged to a
duel. Retana at once published a
Retraction and apology in the
newspaper. The incident silenced
Retana’s pen against Rizal. Later on he
write the biography of the greatest
Filipino hero, whose talents he came
to recognize and whose martyrdom he
Rizal attended a play together with
his friends and he lost his locket
containing the picture of Leonor
Rizal received a letter from
Leonor, announcing her coming
married with an Englishman
February 15, 1891
Blumentritt replied to the letter of
Rizal and comforted Rizal when Rizal
confide to him about his agony
and broken heart.
- RIZAL – DEL PILAR RIVALRY 1890
There arise an unfortunate rivalry between Rizal and del Pilar for supremacy.
January 1, 1891 (New Year’s Day)
the Filipinos of Madrid met to reorganize the Asociacion Hispano – Filipina Responsable - a new leader who would act as a spokesman of the Filipino cause in Europe2/3 votes needed to be declared as Responsible.
- RIZAL ABDICATES HIS LEADERSHIP
February 1891 – (1st week) election starts Filipinos were divided into two rival camps: Rizalistas - Pilaristas. Paterno appealed to the members so that Rizal won the position.
BACK TO BRUSSELS (February 1891)
- Left Madrid and proceeded to Biarritz, where he was a welcomed guest of the Boustead at their Villa Eliada.
- He wrote to Jose Ma. Basa, expressing his wish to live in Hongkong and practice medicine.
- Middle of April 1891 – Rizal returned to Brussels for one reason, to finish his second novel.
Jose Alejandrino, Rizal's roommate in Belgium and the first person who cleverly read
the El Filibusterismo.