An Arab Spring Or Lost Revolutions. Nyayapati Gautam. Revolutions. If poverty is the cause of revolutions, there would be revolutions all the time. What is needed to turn a million people's grumbling discontent into a crowd on the streets is a spark to electrify them . Leon Trotsky.
Triumphant Institute of
Management Education P Ltd
If poverty is the cause of revolutions, there would be revolutions all the time. What is needed to turn a million people's grumbling discontent into a crowd on the streets is a spark to electrify them.
Iran: Achieved (Jan 1978 - Apr 1979)
Goal: To overthrow the Shah. Democrats started the popular uprising, but the clergy took over.
Tiananmen : Not Achieved (April 1989)
Goal: To establish democracy, abolish one-party rule and put an end to corruption.
Indonesia: Goal Achieved (12-21 May 1998)
Goal: To overthrow the oppressive regime of Suharto and abolish political cronyism.
Ukraine: Goal partially achieved (Nov-Dec 2004)
Goal: To annul a falsified election, ensure a new vote, and put an end to corruption and censorship.
I was reminded of something RyszardKapuscinski wrote in "The Shah of Shahs," about the Iranian revolution: "The policeman shouts, but the man doesn't run. He just stands there; looking at the policeman.... He doesn't budge. He glances around and sees the same look on other faces.... Nobody runs though the policeman has gone on shouting. At last he stops. There is a moment of silence. We don't know whether the policeman and the man on the edge of the crowd already realizes what has happened. The man has stopped being afraid -- and this is precisely the beginning of the revolution.“
As the riot police neared us with their batons raised high, they noticed that we were not moving. They started to slow down until they abruptly stopped in front of us. For a moment, both crowds stared at each other, polar opposites on an urban battlefield. That moment will be etched in my memory forever; time almost stood still.
Then, incredibly, the riot police turned back, and started running for their lives, psychologically broken.