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Infrastructure Interdependencies Research Update

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  1. Infrastructure Interdependencies Research Update Dana Brechwald, Earthquake and Hazards Specialist Lifeline Committee Meeting January 31, 2013

  2. Objectives for Our Study • Goal • Understand performance of infrastructure systems serving airports to better understand performance of airports and to make actionable recommendations to improve airport performance • Objectives • Identify and qualify interdependencies and vulnerabilities • Identify “choke points,” redundancies and “islands” • Determine consequences of interdependencies on restoration and recovery • Identify and prioritize key mitigation strategies • Facilitate conversation among key stakeholders • Make specific actionable recommendations

  3. Scope of Our Study • Systems • Power • Water and Wastewater • Communications • Transportation (land transportation only) • Jet Fuel • Supply Chain • Employees/People • Air Traffic Control • Size • Region – high level • Airport-specific – more detail

  4. Case Studies • Don’t Wing It updated + new case studies • 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake • 1994 Northridge Earthquake • 2001 Seattle Earthquake • 2005 Hurricane Katrina • 2010 Haiti Earthquake • 2011 Christchurch Earthquake • 2011 Japan

  5. Qualitative Approaches • Rely on empirical observation, expert interviews • Typically use a damage scenario • Examine whole systems, not just nodes • Look at multi-sectoral societal impacts • Wide variety of outputs

  6. Preliminary Hierarchy – High Level

  7. Anticipated Products

  8. Anticipated Products

  9. Implementation Steps • Confirm and Report • Data Synthesis and Analysis • Data Gathering • Research and Background • Select Earthquake Scenario • Examine Case Studies • Conduct GIS Mapping • Develop Interview Questions and Tools • Conduct Interviews • Synthesize interview responses • Write report • Check findings with stakeholders • Craft recommendations

  10. Oakland Airport Focus Area • Exploring partnership with Adapting to Rising Tides project (BCDC) • Looking at multiple vulnerabilities to airport and surrounding infrastructure

  11. Next Steps • Earthquake scenario selection and feedback – April 2013 • Case studies write up – May 2013 (feedback July 2013) • Mapping – May 2013 (feedback July 2013)

  12. Implementation Steps • Confirm and Report • Data Synthesis and Analysis • Data Gathering • Research and Background • Select Earthquake Scenario • Examine Case Studies • Conduct GIS Mapping • Develop Interview Questions and Tools • Conduct Interviews • Synthesize interview responses • Write report • Check findings with stakeholders • Craft recommendations

  13. Exercise Bay Area Microchip Manufacturing, Inc. is a locally-owned high-tech research and manufacturing company located in a possible liquefaction area in the South Bay. In a repeat 1906 earthquake (M 7.9 on the San Andreas fault, with an epicenter approximately two miles off the coast to the west of San Francisco), the site will experience violent ground shaking and possibly liquefaction. The company is housed in a typical 1990’s office park.

  14. Preliminary Hierarchy – High Level