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History of Medicne. Body Systems. Medical Traditions. Throughout the world there are numerous strands of medical traditions however, we will focus on three. Ayurveda Traditional Chinese Medicine African Medical Traditions . Ayurveda. Originates from India

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history of medicne

History of Medicne

Body Systems

medical traditions
Medical Traditions
  • Throughout the world there are numerous strands of medical traditions however, we will focus on three.
  • Ayurveda
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine
  • African Medical Traditions
ayurveda
Ayurveda
  • Originates from India
  • Comes from the words Ayus (life) and Veda (knowledge or science)
  • The body has three main forces called Doshas
  • Your health, character and appearance are inlfuenced by the dominant Doshas
ayurveda as a treatment
Ayurveda as a Treatment
  • The goal of ayurvedic medicine is to bring the Doshas into a balance.
  • The pulse and the physical appearance can provide clues as to what is causing the imbalance.
  • Some therapies are designed to purge symptoms (vomiting,enemas), other to smooth symptoms
  • Concerned with preventing illness
traditional chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese Medicine
  • Weather, spirits and the time of day can all affect you according to TCM.
  • A cosmic energy force called qi (chi) connects everything in the universe and allows the surroundings to influence you.
  • Qi must flow freely through the body to promote harmony.
  • The qi is divided into ying and yang
tcm as a therapy
TCM as a Therapy
  • Illness is a symptom of an imbalance of ying and yang
  • Qi may be blocked, weak or imbalanced
  • Ying and yang influence appearance, pulse, sounds and smells of your body
  • Acupuncture, drugs or moxibustion are common treatments
  • Don´t have to be ill before treatment
african traditional medicine
African Traditional Medicine
  • Varied throughout the continent, several similar features
  • Community based, holistic approach to medicine
  • Physical and spiritual aspects are equally important
  • Some illnesses are related specifically to one or the other
slide8
ATM
  • Healers might ask why you are ill, diviners with special powers might be asked to find the source of disease
  • Treatments depend on the source of the problem
  • Massage and herbalist remedies are common
  • Communal song and dance are also prescribed frequently as remedies
western medical traditions ancient greece
Western Medical Traditions- Ancient Greece
  • Humourism- belief that the body is composed of four basic substances (4 humours) in harmony when the body is healthy
  • Black bile, yellow bile, phlegm and blood
  • Treatments include bleeding and application of hot cups
andreas vesalius
Andreas Vesalius
  • Prior to Vesalius learning anatomy consisted of reading the texts of ancient Greek physicians
  • First to use hands on dissections to teach about anatomy
  • Instead of digging up bodies in the dark he started to be allowed to do dissections on executed criminals
  • Produced fantastic diagrams based on human experimentation (Galen’s drawings were from apes)
ambroise pare
Ambroise Pare
  • Pioneered many surgical treatments and specialized in the treatment of wounds
  • Used a mixture including turpentine to heal wounds (cleaned the wound)
  • Used ligatures of arteries to reduce blood flow and slow bleeding
ambroise pare18
Ambroise Pare
  • Used cauterization techniques prior to amputation
  • Hypothesized that phantom pain after amputation arose in the brain
  • Revived the practice of podalic versiori to deliver babies not coming out safely
bezoar stone experiment
Bezoar Stone Experiment
  • The Bezoar stone was reputed to be able to cure the effects of any poison
  • Pare’s cook was caught steeling silverware
  • The cook agreed to be poisoned to determine if the stone infact worked
  • The cook died days later proving that the Bezoar stone had no miraculous healing properties
william harvey
William Harvey
  • Described the process of blood being pumped around the body by the heart
  • Discovered how valves in the veins work
  • Postulated that the circulatory system was closed and that the heart re-circulated throughout the body
  • Clashed with Galen’s concept that blood was created in the liver and that there were two types of blood
william harvey21
William Harvey
  • Theorized that there are two separate loops of the circulatory system, one to the lungs and the other to the rest of the body
  • Carried out dissections showing that embryos do not possess characteristics of adults
science and medicine
Science and Medicine
  • Science, with its focus on observation and experimentation has lead to great advances in medicine
  • The following have all improved the efficacy of medicinal practice:
  • Germ theory
  • Bacteriology
  • Chemical analysis
  • Diagnostic technologies
  • Drug therapies
germ theory
Germ Theory
  • The source of disease and illness is biological stemming from virulent bacteria and viruses
  • Prevention of disease by sanitation and vaccination
  • Cure through anti-biotics
bacteriology
Bacteriology
  • The study of bacteria has yielded numerous anti-biotics and an understanding about the positive and negative roles they have
chemical analysis
Chemical Analysis
  • Chemical analysis of body fluids can lead to a better understanding of how the body works and how diseases can be treated.
diagnostic technologies
Diagnostic technologies
  • Ultrasound, X-rays, Endoscopes, MRI and a number of other technologies can diagnose diseases easily and allow the practitioner to select an appropriate treatment.
drug therapies
Drug Therapies
  • Using scientific experimentation a number of drugs have been developed for a wide array of diseases