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Grammar Review

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  1. Grammar Review

  2. Infinitives: Indicate its function in the sentence. adverbadjective noun • For some, the attempt to understand his writing is a challenge.

  3. ADJECTIVE

  4. Infinitives: Indicate its function in the sentence. adverbadjective noun • I like to keep my stapler and tape right at hand.

  5. NOUN

  6. Infinitives: Indicate its function in the sentence. adverbadjective noun • I often use a calculator to check my work.

  7. ADVERB!

  8. Prepositional phrasesHow is it used? Adverb or adjective • The movie’s ending took everyone by surprise.

  9. ADVERB

  10. Prepositional phrasesHow is it used? Adverb or adjective • Ninth-graders created most of this artwork.

  11. ADJECTIVE

  12. Prepositional phrasesHow is it used? Adverb or adjective • They camped near the Salinas River.

  13. ADVERB

  14. TYPE OF PHRASE gerund participial appositive prepositional infinitive • I enjoy the freedom to get around on my own.

  15. INFINITIVE

  16. TYPE OF PHRASE gerund participial appositive prepositional infinitive • Bicycling through the countryside is a favorite hobby of mine.

  17. GERUND

  18. TYPE OF PHRASE gerund participial appositive prepositional infinitive • I also ride my bike to school.

  19. PREPOSITION!

  20. TYPE OF PHRASE gerund participial appositive prepositional infinitive • At 8am, I am on my way, pedaling furiously.

  21. PARTICIPIAL

  22. TYPE OF PHRASE gerundparticipial appositive prepositional infinitive • My current bike, an old three-speed model, is not well suited for long-distance riding.

  23. APPOSITIVE

  24. TYPE OF GERUND subjective complement direct object subject object of preposition Laughing helps to relieve stress.

  25. SUBJECT

  26. TYPE OF GERUND subjective complement direct object subject object of preposition Meryl’s hobby is raising tropical fish.

  27. SUBJECTIVE COMPLEMENT

  28. TYPE OF GERUND subjective complementdirect object object of preposition subject • Mario likes diving best of all sporting events.

  29. DIRECT OBJECT

  30. TYPE OF GERUND subjective complement direct object object of preposition subject • Either team has a good chance of winning.

  31. OBJECT OF PREPOSITION

  32. PHRASE OR CLAUSE? • until the school year is over

  33. CLAUSE

  34. PHRASE OR CLAUSE? • after the end of the movie

  35. PHRASE

  36. PHRASE OR CLAUSE? • when spring comes

  37. CLAUSE

  38. PHRASE OR CLAUSE? • wanting to be an engineer

  39. PHRASE!

  40. independent clause or subordinate clause? • Bonus points will be awarded to whoever turns in the assignment early.

  41. SUBORDINATE

  42. independent clause or subordinate clause? • Unless the weather improves, the trail ride will be canceled.

  43. INDEPENDENT

  44. independent clause or subordinate clause? • What Dr. Chan said has started to worry me.

  45. SUBORDINATE

  46. independent clause or subordinate clause? • Because there are many kinds of burritos, we enjoy having them for dinner once a week.

  47. INDEPENDENT

  48. ADVERB OR ADJECTIVE CLAUSE? • Although Hassam painted many rural landscapes, he is perhaps best remembered for his compelling images of life in large cities.

  49. ADVERB

  50. ADVERB OR ADJECTIVE CLAUSE? • In each painting, Hassam strove to make known the emotion that the subject of the painting evoked in him.