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Acorns! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Acorns!. California Indian Acorn Culture. Before contact was made with Europeans… Acorns were a major and stable food resource Availability: more than 18 species of oak Productivity: varies, good crop 2-3 years in fall Storability: caches or granaries, unshelled up to 12 years

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Presentation Transcript
slide3
Before contact was made with Europeans…

Acorns were a major and stable food resource

Availability: more than 18 species of oak

Productivity: varies, good crop 2-3 years in fall

Storability: caches or granaries, unshelled up to 12 years

Nutritional content: 18% fat, 6% protein, 68% carbohydrates, vitamins A & C, amino acids, high in calories

acorns as a food source continued
Acorn oil

Acorn shells can be roasted and steeped for a coffee drink

In some groups, an adult would consume a ton of acorns a year

Edible after leaching out tannic acids

Acorns as a Food Source Continued
how to process acorns
For future use:

Dry acorns

Store in granaries for up to 12 years

For immediate use:

Dry acorns

Shell and winnow using hammer and anvil

Pound into flour with mortar and pestle

Leach out tannic acids by flushing with water in a shallow, sandy basin or in a basket filter

Use flour to make soup, bread, mush, etc

How to Process Acorns
slide8

Miwok acorn granaries in Sierra Nevada foothills, near Railroad Flat, 1906

Mrs. Freddie, a Hupa, leaches acorn meal in a sand basin

Rock outcrop with holes used to crack open acorns by native people at Palomar State Park

slide9
After contact was made with Europeans…

Acorns were discontinued as a major and stable food resource

Demographic collapse, dispossession of land, assimilation policies

Disrupt cultural transmission

Inaccessibility of oak groves and traditional maintenance practices such as burning

Pressure to relinquish traditional ways

Increase in nonnative people population and environmental degradation due to resource extraction

present day acorn use
Present Day Acorn Use
  • Alteration of processing techniques
    • Traditional ways not lost
    • Modified to use modern technology
  • Acorn as a connection between the past and present
  • Prepared and eaten at special gatherings
  • Logos and business names of local tribes
the way we lived
“The Way We Lived”

“And you women, strike out, gather wild onions, wild potatoes! Gather all you can! Gather all you can! Pound acorns, pound acorns, pound acorns! Cook, cook! Make some bread, make some bread! So we can eat, so we can eat, so we can eat…Make acorn soup so that the people will eat it!…Don’t talk about starvation, because we never have much! Eat acorns! There is nothing to it!”

- Song of Chief Yanapayak, Miwok

references
References

ACORN - FOOD RESOURCE - OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY. (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2009, from http://food.oregonstate.edu/glossary/a/acorn.html

Acorns. (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2009, from http://www.hastingsreserve.org/oakstory/Acorns2.html

California Indian History. (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2009, from http://ceres.ca.gov/nahc/califindian.html

California Oaks Foundation: OAKS 2040. (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2009, from http://www.californiaoaks.org/html/2040.html

Central Valley. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 29, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9022094

United Auburn Indian Community . (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2009, from http://www.auburnrancheria.com/