British LiteratureThe Romantic Period1798 - 1832 By: Karim Lakhani, Matthew Stocker, Kaila Hans, and Tyler Arnold
The French Revolution • Started when the Bastille was stormed • King was killed on January 21 1793 • In January 1793, France declared war on Britain for world domination • Napoleon Bonaparte became dictator of France Picture from: http://larvalsubjects.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/06_french_revolution.jpg
Napoleonic Wars • A series of wars between Napoleonic France and other European Countries. • France controlled most of Europe and tried to invade Russia • Lost many troops in Russia due to weather • Fought last battle at Waterloo Picture from: http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95aug/napoleon.html
War of 1812 • Britain occupied Canada, Britain asked to leave, Britain says no, America declares war • Britain fails to occupy Baltimore and New Orleans • America fails to occupy Canada • Lasted two years, ended in stalemate Picture from :http://teachingamericanhistorymd.net/000001/000000/000064/images/northpt-t.jpg
Invention of the Camera • Created by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in France, 1814 • Made by adding a pewter plate from a camera obscura with bitumen and exposed it to light • Darker areas blocked light and whiter areas allowed light • Took eight hours of light and faded soon after Picture from http://mollymonochrome.com/wpcontent/uploads/Camera_Obscura_box1.jpg
Accordion • Christian Friedrich Buschmann created the accordion in 1822 • Had a portable keyboard, expanding bellows, and free vibrating reeds within the instrument • First called Hand-aeoline Picture from: http://perl.plover.com/yak/presentation/samples/accordion-t1.jpg
Steam Engine • Created with high pressure steam in the early 1800’s by Richard Trevithick • Trevithick also created the first steam railway locomotive • Used steam engine with high pressure steam with paddle wheels Picture from: http://www.fadmrc.hampshire.org.uk/images/trevithick.jpg
George III dies • Born in 1738, first son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta • Took the throne in 1760 • Married in 1761 to Charlotte of Mecklinburg-Strelitz • Suffered from porphyria and died in 1820 Picture from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/54/George_III_in_Coronation_edit.jpg
Charles Dickens was Born • Born on February 7, 1812 in Portsmouth, England • Wrote many novels including A Christmas Carol and David Copperfield. • Married Catherine Hogarth in 1836 and had ten children • Died on June 9, 1870 Picture from: http://enovelspace.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/charles_dickens_1858.jpg?w=435&h=487
Jane Austen - Biography • 1775-1817 • Grew up with social status but little money. • Wrote her novels on the vindication on the rights of women. • When she published Pride and Prejudice, she published them anonymously. • When she died her family never mentioned the six novels that she did write.
Jane Austen - Writings • Wrote Pride and Prejudiceand five other novels that were never published in her lifetime. • A line from Pride and Prejudice is “Good opinion once lost, is lost forever” • Some of her books were about marriage and courtship problems
Jane Austen – Relation to the Time Period • Her most famous book, Pride and Prejudice, the main characteristic in it is strong emotion. • The main emotion is love • It also shows how we can learn from one another’s mistakes Picture from http://www.mobipocket.com/eBooks/cover_remote/ID115/PrideAndPrejudice_large.jpg
Mary Shelley - Biography • 1797-1851 • Her mother died within eleven days of her birth • Her father married Mary Jane Clairmont in 1801 • Mary’s stepmother was very cruel and Mary had bitter times • She married Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1816
Mary Shelley - Writings • Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein and she wrote it to purge her feelings • “You will rejoice to hear that no disaster has accompanied the commencement of an enterprise which you have regarded with such evil forebodings. I arrived here yesterday, and my first task is to assure my dear sister of my welfare and increasing confidence in the success of my undertaking. I am already far north of London, and as I walk in the streets of Petersburgh, I feel a cold northern breeze play upon my cheeks, which braces my nerves and fills me with delight. Do you understand this feeling? This breeze, which has travelled from the regions towards which I am advancing, gives me a foretaste of those icy climes. Inspirited by this wind of promise, my daydreams become more fervent and vivid.”
Mary Shelley – Relation to the Time Period • Later in the Romantic time period, many gothic books were written • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is a perfect example of this • It combined science with fear to create a famous novel
John Keats - Biography • 1795-1821 • In fourteen years, John Keats lost both parents • First apprenticed to a surgeon • Keats was engaged to Fanny Brawne but died before he was married Picture from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1a/John_Keats_by_William_Hilton.jpg
John Keats - Writings • John Keats wrote “Ode to a Grecian Urn”, “Lamia,” “The Eve of St. Agnes”, “Endymion” and “Ode to a Nightingale.” • The first stanza in “Ode to a Grecian Urn” • “Thou still unravish’d bride of quietness, Thou foster-child of silence and slow time, Sylvan historian, who canst thus express A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme: What leaf-fring’d legend haunts about thy shape Of deities or mortals, or of both, In Tempe or the dales of Arcady? What men or gods are these? What maidens loth? What mad pursuit? What struggle to escape? What pipes and timbrels? What wild ecstasy? ”
John Keats – Relation to the Time Period • The “Ode to a Grecian Urn” speaks of nature spring, love and feelings • “Ode to a Nightingale” is towards nature • “Lamia” was written about Hermes, the Greek God and a nymph Picture from: http://lh5.ggpht.com/_fhxyNMhM9TE/RpIKL2zjkzI/AAAAAAAADNs/Jc88cjFuHDo/DSC00508.JPG
William Wordsworth - Biography • 1770-1850 • Lost both parents by the age of thirteen • Lived with his sister from 1795 to 1802, when he married Mary Hutchinson • Cared for his sister for the last twenty years of her life
William Wordsworth - Writings • Wordsworth wrote Lyrical Ballads with Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1798 • An excerpt from “Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey” • “Five years have past; five summers, with the lengthOf five long winters! and again I hearThese waters, rolling from their mountain-springsWith a soft inland murmur. Once againDo I behold these steep and lofty cliffs,That on a wild secluded scene impressThoughts of more deep seclusion; and connectThe landscape with the quiet of the sky.”
William Wordsworth – Relation to the Time Period • Many poems in the Lyrical Ballads were about nature • In Wordsworth’s autobiography, he wrote many emotional things that weren’t published until he was dead
Samuel Taylor Coleridge - Biography • 1772- 1834 • Met William Wordsworth around 1797 and wrote many poems • Gave many lecture from 1808- 1818 but lost Wordsworth’s friendship • Lived with a doctor from the mid 1810’s until his death
Samuel Taylor Coleridge - Writings • Compiled Lyrical Ballads with Wordsworth • Two stanzas from “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” • “It is an ancient Mariner,And he stoppeth one of three.'By thy long grey beard and glittering eye,Now wherefore stopp'st thou me? • The Bridegroom's doors are opened wide,And I am next of kin;The guests are met, the feast is set:May'st hear the merry din.’”
Samuel Taylor Coleridge – Relation to the Time Period • Many poems in Lyrical Ballads were about nature and emotions • The “Rime of the Ancient Mariner” was one of the first Gothic poems of the time Picture from: http://www.wordsworthclassics.com/cov/poet/1840225351.jpg
Lord Byron (George Gordon) - Biography • 1788-1824 • Byron’s mother died in 1811 • He became the sixth baron Byron of Rochdale • He married Anne Milbake in 1815 • Byron died of a fever in 1824 in Missolonghi, Greece. Picture from http://www.blupete.com/Literature/Biographies/Literary/Portraits/byronphillips.jpg
Lord Byron - Writings • His first poem book was “Hours of Idleness” • Lord Byron wrote “Cain”, “Don Juan”, and “The Corsair”. • He also created the Byronic hero, a defiant, melancholy man with an unforgivable past
Lord Byron – Relation to the Time Period • “Manfred”- Darkness, Death, Sorrow • “Darkness”- Death, Horror, violence, evil. • “My Soul is Dark”- Death, Doom, Sorrow.
Works Cited • Accordion. 26 8 2010 <http://www.accordionguide.info/accordion-history.html>. • Answers.com. John Keats. 2010. 31 8 2010 <http://www.answers.com/topic/john-keats>. • Bellis, Mary. History of Photography and the Camera. 2010. 26 August 2010 <http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/stilphotography.htm>. • Brophy, Thadd. Frankenstein or Modern Prometheus. 31 8 2010 <http://www.boutell.com/frankenstein/>. • Cody, David. French Revolution. 10 August 2007. 26 August 2010 <http://www.victorianweb.org/history/hist7.html>.
Works Cited • Database, Information Please®. The Star Spangled Banner. 2007. 26 August 2010 <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0194015.html#axzz0xie1AJIe>. • Dugdale-Pointon. Napoleonic Wars (1799- 1815). 16 November 2000. 26 August 2010 <http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/wars_napoleonic.html>. • ÊMultieducator, Inc. War of 1812. 2004. 26 August 2010 <http://www.historycentral.com/1812/>. • Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. Elements of Literature 6th course. Austen TX: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 1997.
Works Cited • —. Elements of Literature 6th course. Austen TX: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 2011. • Online, Encyclopædia Britannica. Richard Trevithick (English engineer). 2010. 30 8 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/604469/Richard-Trevithick>. • PBS. http://www-tc.pbs.org/wgbh/masterpiece/austen/austen_teachersguide.pdf. 31 8 2010 http://www-tc.pbs.org/wgbh/masterpiece/austen/austen_teachersguide.pdf.
Works Cited • Read Print. John Keats. 2010. 31 8 2010 <http://www.readprint.com/author-53/John-Keats-books#biography>. • Resources, Online Classroom Games and Classroom Learning. Abraham Lincoln Facts and Trivia and Information. 2010. 26 8 2010 <http://www.apples4theteacher.com/holidays/presidents-day/abraham-lincoln/facts.html>. • The Literature Network. Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. 2010. 31 8 2010 <http://www.online-literature.com/shelley_mary/>. • —. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 2010. 31 8 2010 <http://www.wordsworthclassics.com/cov/poet/1840225351.jpg>.
Works Cited • —. William Wordsworth. 2010. 31 8 2010 <http://www.online-literature.com/wordsworth/>. • The Works of Jane Austen. 14 11 2008. 31 8 2010 <http://www.austen.com/novels.htm>. • University, APU: American Public. Britannia: Monarchs of Britain. 2005. 26 August 2010 <http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon55.html>. • Who2 Biography: Charles Dickens, Writer. Charles Dickens. 2010. 26 August 2010 <http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-dickens>. • World Book. "World Book Encyclopedia volume 2 B." Shilstone, Frederick W. Byron, Lord. Chicago: World Book, 2006. 748.